When choosing the place of study, many applicants pay attention to the universities of European countries as a guarantee of obtaining a high-quality and demanded education. Despite the fact that from year to year the most prestigious institutions are recognized universities of the United States and Britain, other countries also have significant places and are recognized as strongholds of modern science. Education in European universities is cheaper - they receive more funding from the state and non-governmental organizations - but at the same time, much more funds are allocated to research projects in the Anglo-Saxon tradition (huge amounts are also attracted under special contracts). In terms of research positions, universities in Europe are losing a few, but bachelor's and master's degrees are represented by prestigious and quality programs - every year a large number of educational institutions in Europe fall into the rankings of the best.
The Times Higher Education (THE)
The prestigious edition and analytical center THE annually compiles and publishes a report, which is compiled as a result of painstaking and versatile work to identify and evaluate all aspects of the work and activities of educational institutions. Experts use carefully developed and constantly improving methodology, attract a huge amount of information and expert opinions. When calculating scores, the following indicators are used:
- Academic environment. It is made up of the following components: expert opinions of students on the quality of teaching, the number of students and teachers, the number of students who received a degree, income from educational activities. In a percentage ratio gives up to 30% of the total score.
- Research reputation. Includes accounting of the number of research and development and revenues from them (30%).
- Citation. Through the study of references to research conducted by the university, his contribution to modern science and the development of new knowledge is analyzed (30%).
- The total number of foreign teachers and students. Foreign specialists and entrants will aspire only to the university that has high ranks and where all conditions for the development of talents and abilities are created (7.5%).
- Innovations that are introduced in the industry (thanks to the activities of the university). It takes into account how the university's activity helps growth in certain industries and how new knowledge contributes to important transformations (2.5%).
In addition to the overall ranking, THE is narrower:
- For individual sciences or disciplines (history, economics, business, engineering, and others). The university may well not be in the top of the general list, but have very strong positions in a certain subject / group of subjects;
- To the ends of the world and regions (for example, rankings of universities in Europe or Asia);
- By characteristics: developed or developing countries;
- For other qualifications (for example, members of an international organization).
The best universities in Europe according to The Times Higher Education (THE) (indicated in the international ranking):
4. ETH Zurich - Swiss Federal Institute of Technology Zurich (Switzerland)
9. Karolinska Institute (Sweden)
10. LMU Munich (Germany)
11. École Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne (Switzerland)
12. KU Leuven (Belgium)
13. Heidelberg University (Germany)
14. Wageningen University and Research Center (The Netherlands)
15. Humboldt University of Berlin (Germany)
16. Technical University of Munich (Germany)
17. École Normale Supérieure (France)
25. Erasmus University Rotterdam (The Netherlands)
26. Free University of Berlin (Germany)
27. University of Groningen (The Netherlands)
28. University of Helsinki (Finland)
30. University of Tübingen (Germany)
32. Uppsala University (Sweden)
33. University of Copenhagen (Denmark).
As can be seen from the above data, countries such as Germany, Switzerland, Holland, France, Italy are represented by high-quality and prestigious institutions, education in which provides exceptional opportunities for growth and development.
QS World University Rankings
The well-known company Quacquarelli Symonds (QS) previously worked on rankings in conjunction with THE, but now presents its own calculations and data. Indicators include:
- Academic reputation (efficiency of educational process);
- The ratio of the number of students and teachers (the number of people in the group, individual attention);
- The citation index (references to research and their significance);
- Reputation from employers (level of training and qualification of graduates - bachelors, masters and doctors);
- The number of foreign teachers (attracting talented scientists from around the world);
- Number of foreign students (attraction of talented students, interest in admission to the university).
In addition to the overall ranking, QS prepares lists for certain disciplines and areas.
The best universities in Europe according to QS World University Rankings (indicated in the international ranking):
10. ETH Zurich (Switzerland)
12. Ecole Polytechnique Federale de Lausanne (EPFL) (Switzerland)
43. École normale supérieure (France)
54. Delft University of Technology (Holland)
58. University of Amsterdam (The Netherlands)
59. École Polytechnique (France)
64. Technical University of Munich (Germany)
66.Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität München (Germany)
68. Ruprecht-Karls-Universität Heidelberg (Germany)
73. The University of Copenhagen (Denmark)
73. University of Zurich (Switzerland)
78. Lund University (Sweden)
98. University of Geneva (Switzerland).
US News & World Report
The prestigious American edition of US News & World Report also publishes an annual report, selecting and evaluating candidates for the most varied indicators:
- Research reputation in the world
- Research reputation in the region
- Publications in scientific publications
- Books (extensive research)
- General citation (the influence of the university on the world research community)
- The number of publications among the 10% of the most cited (for assessing the quality of research taking into account the size of the university)
- Number of publications by other indicator
- The international cooperation.
This ranking also includes a number of universities in Germany, Switzerland, France, Italy and other countries.
In general, the level of higher education in Europe is very high, and everyone can find a suitable institution and specialty for themselves, get a popular and prestigious diploma. Every year more and more universities are trying to transform and expand their capabilities, expand the horizons of science and human capabilities.