The rankings of the world's universities are compiled annually. The place of the best in Europe was preserved by British universities Oxford and Cambridge . 8 places from the TOP-10 occupied by American universities.
According to experts from the Chinese Jiaotong University, the first place in the ranking takes Harvard. The second position in the TOP-500 universities in the world is Stanford, the third - Massachusetts University. European schools also entered TOP-10 in the world. Cambridge took the 5th place, Oxford closed the TOP-10.
Shanghai ranking: criteria, features
Chinese universities evaluated 500 universities. The ranking includes 151 American educational institutions, 39 German universities, 35 Chinese universities, 37 British and 2 Russian - St. Petersburg State University, Moscow State University. The ranking was made on the basis of the following criteria:
- the size of the campus
- the citation of researchers
- the number of scientific publications
- the number of graduates who have received a Nobel Prize, etc.
The academic community criticized the Shanghai ranking. Russian experts, in particular the head of Moscow State University, called it fundamentally biased. Experts from France also criticized the ranking. They, as well as Russian specialists in the field of education, expressed dissatisfaction with the fact that universities were assessed only on the indicators of research activities, prizes and the size of educational institutions. France is losing to Britain and the USA mainly on the latter level. Universities of the country are too "small" in comparison with British and American giants. French universities in the ranking take 40 - 70 positions.