In today's world, we are constantly faced with various global problems, whether it is climate change on the planet or the non-proliferation of nuclear weapons. In order to solve serious problems in a timely manner, scientists are needed. For this reason, a special organization of the OECD was created, which is engaged, among other things, in tracking the number of scientists who have received the degree of candidate or doctor of science in the largest and most developed countries of our planet.
The data that we will present in this article is taken from the report "Industry, Science and Technology in 2015", which refers to the ranking of countries in the world that identify the largest percentage of people who have received a particular degree in various fields of activity.
The last place in the ranking went to Portugal. Here is the largest number of doctors of various sciences - about 72%. Almost a quarter of all graduates of higher education institutions become specialists in the field of STEM.
In Austria, one-fourth of the population, except for pensioners and children, are PhDs. There are also a lot of doctors of science in the country: 9 men and 6-7 women out of a thousand.
In eighth place is Mexico. Here, the number of people with any degree is slowly but steadily increasing. Thus, in 10 years, the figure has increased by 1% and currently stands at 25% among the working-age population. And this is despite the fact that the country has now canceled benefits for investments in research and various developments!
One of the highest percentages among women with a degree in STEM is recorded in Estonia. In 2012, it was just under 50%.
In Greece, the rate of university graduates who received diplomas in STEM sciences decreased by 2% over the decade. However, despite this, Greece is still in sixth place in the ranking of the smartest countries in the world.
The top five smartest countries in the world is closed by France. Here, more than a quarter of the population works in industrial enterprises and organizations, and not in education and state institutions.
This place is occupied by Finland. The country has the largest number of research publications on medicine in the world - 28%.
The last in the top three is Sweden. 75% of employees of enterprises, organizations and institutions of the country use computers for their work.
In Germany , a very large number of students receive education in the field of STEM sciences, in recent years about 10,000 specialists have graduated from the country's universities with such diplomas. According to this indicator, Germany ranks third after China and the United States.
The honorary title of the smartest country in the world was received by South Korea. It is it that occupies the first place in the ranking, despite the fact that in it the number of people who received the degree of candidates or doctors of science (by as much as 7%) decreased the most.