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2021-08-24 15:17:53

Primary, secondary, higher education in Toronto for foreign students

Primary, secondary, higher education in Toronto for foreign students

Toronto residents and international students are fortunate to have access to some of the best educational institutions in the country. Whether they choose from junior kindergarten to university preparatory to adult courses, Toronto's public and private schools offer excellent programs to meet the needs of most students.

The education sector is one of the largest employers in the city, with 1400 educational institutions, related enterprises, more than 100,000 employees. The total annual salary in the sector is $7.2 billion.

Canadian educational system consists of three stages:

Primary and secondary education is financed by the state. Education begins in kindergarten at the age of 5 and ends in grade 12 (approximately 18 years) according to the K-12 system. It is under the ministry of education.

Children go to school from Monday to Friday for six hours a day, the school year begins in September and ends at the end of June. Students are given a break of one to two weeks at Christmas, a week break in February (spring break), March (March holidays), and state/provincial/territorial breaks.

After successful completion of secondary school (high school), graduates are issued a certificate of secondary education. Having a diploma, graduates can choose a higher education institution to study at a university or college. In Toronto, this diploma is called the Ontario High Education Diploma (OSSD).

In French-language schools, all procedures are conducted in French, including teacher interviews and school board meetings. Students study the general curriculum, classes are held exclusively in French.

Toronto Elementary Schools

Primary education includes classes from kindergarten to grade 8.

Primary school units include 4 classes:

  • Kindergarten – Junior and Senior Kindergarten
  • Elementary – from 1 to 3 grades
  • Junior – grades 4-6
  • Senior – 7-8 grades.

In primary school, the class teacher is responsible for teaching most of the subjects of the curriculum, in some schools there are teachers who are specialists in music or health, physical education. Students in grades 7-8 participate in a "rotation" where the class teacher still teaches most of the subjects, but the children take turns moving on to specialist teachers for several classes (e.g., science, art, health, physical education).

The kindergarten has a teaching group that includes a teacher, a preschool educator and tutors who often work with students with special educational needs. Their responsibilities include everything from helping students in the classroom to helping them with personal hygiene and regulating behavior.

The Ministry of Education has set rules for class sizes in Toronto: a full-time kindergarten with two teachers (teacher, preschool teacher) will have a limited number of students to 30. If there are 15 or fewer students in a full-time kindergarten, one teacher is required. In the primary grades (1st to 3rd) grades are limited to 20 students. In grades 4 to 8, the average class size is no more than 25 people.

Toronto High Schools

In secondary school, each subject is taught by a separate teacher, students move from group to group.

The courses that students choose in high school will influence their choices in high school, their future lives and careers. Toronto High Schools offer a wide range of courses to meet the needs and interests of all students.

On average, there are 22 students in the class.

To successfully complete high school, students must:

  • Take 30 credit courses, including 18 compulsory and 12 additional
  • Take an Ontario High School Literacy Test or Literacy Course
  • Perform 40 hours of voluntary community service.

Private schools in Toronto

In the province of Ontario, students can attend private schools: they operate as a for-profit or non-profit organization, completely independent of the Ministry of Education. Toronto's private schools do not receive funding from the government, but they must meet provincial requirements for their students to be eligible for OSSD.

Private schools usually have better facilities, smaller class size, a community atmosphere, and more opportunities to prepare for university admission.

There are a huge number of private schools available in Toronto. The cost is largely determined by the type of school (boarding school, religious, academic, alternative, programs for the gifted). The cost per academic year ranges from 15,000 to 35,000 $CAD.

Best private schools in Toronto

  1. St Andrew's College
  2. Columbia International College
  3. Rosseau Lake College
  4. Trafalgar Castle School
  5. Trinity College School
  6. Braemar College
  7. McDonald International Academy
  8. Upper Canada College
  9. Hudson College
  10. Bronte College
  11. Branksome Hall School
  12. Havergal College
  13. Seneca College Toronto
  14. Metropolitan Preparatory Academy
  15. George Brown College.

Universities in Toronto

Higher education in Toronto usually begins for students after the end of the 12th year of school. Each university sets its own admission standards. Programs available in Toronto include: Undergraduate, Postgraduate, Continuing Education.

The best universities in Toronto:

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Egor Eremeev
Current material has been prepared by Egor Eremeev
Education: Westminster University (Business & Management), London.
Egor studied and lived in the UK for 8 years and graduated from the university of Westminster. He is currently the co-founder and the director of business development at Smapse Education and personally visits foreign schools and universities, interviews students studying in those institutions.
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