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How to tell about the weather in English?


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How to tell about the weather in English?


You can always talk about the weather in any language: this is a standard topic that allows you to start or maintain a conversation with an unfamiliar person. In addition, the current weather forecast is regularly used in everyday life. People are interested in weather conditions, leaving home or going on a trip, discussing rains, frost and natural disasters, planning outdoor recreation on warm and sunny days.

The thesaurus (dictionary) of the English language includes many words and useful phrases about the weather. It features temperature, weather events, climate, weather forecast, and more. As you study the weather, you will come across floorboards, jokes and interesting idioms. The article discusses English vocabulary and provides examples to keep the conversation going about the weather.

About the weather today

In English, the word "weather" is translated as weather .

The following words can be used to describe the weather:

  • Windy - windy
  • Rainy - rainy
  • Unpredictable - unpredictable
  • Unstable (volatile) - unsettled
  • Cloudy - cloudy
  • Stay the same - to remain / keep up
  • Disgusting - dreadful
  • Changeable - changeable / variable
  • Fine - fine
  • Sunny - sunny
  • Getting worse - to worsen
  • Warm up - to warm up
  • Foggy - foggy.
  • Terrible - terrible
  • Settle - to settle
  • Nice is good .

Example:

  • The weather is so unpredictable this week
  • What's the weather like? It's sunny today
  • Will the weather keep up?

The constructions " What a ... " or " Such " will give emotional coloring to the conversation about the weather:

  • Such terrible weather!
  • What a nice day !

Feelings of temperature can be conveyed using the construction it's and the following words:

  • Frosty - frosty
  • Very cold - freezing
  • Cool - chilly
  • Warmth - warm
  • Hot - hot
  • Cold - cold .

Example:

  • It's a hot day / It's hot today.

More specifically, temperature can be expressed using the following terms:

  • Temperature - temperature
  • Degrees - degrees
  • Below / above zero
  • Plus / minus - plus / minus .

Example:

  • It is 25 degrees above zero in the shade today
  • What is the temperature?

Weather forecast

In everyday life, it is not enough just to know what the weather is like outside today. It is also important to understand the weather forecast in English! Let's consider the basic terms:

  • Weather forecast
  • Send the weather forecast
  • Forecaster / weather chart maker.

For example, if you need to ask about the forecast, then you can use the following construction: What's the forecast / What's the forecast like? However, in order to be able to maintain a conversation and fully understand the topic, you need to remember the following basic conversational phrases:

  • It's going to be sunny
  • Chance of Rain - There is a chance of some rain
  • Do you know the weather forecast for tomorrow? - Do you know the weather forecast for tomorrow?
  • Rain is spreading east
  • I hope it would soon be nice and warm
  • The sky will clear up soon - It's supposed to clear up later
  • Frost is expected at night - It's going to freeze tonight
  • Snow is promised - It's forecast to snow
  • We're expecting a thunderstorm
  • Wet and Windy Weather Expected - Some wet and windy weather is possible
  • Weather Keeps Unchanged - It looks like the weather should remain settled
  • The weather will change
  • It looks like it's going to snow
  • The forecast is for ... - The forecast is for ...

Climate

The weather can vary dramatically depending on the region in which we are located, but each area has certain weather conditions, which are called the climate ( climate ). Consider the main climatic types in English:

  • Favorable - fertile
  • Moist - humid
  • Hot - hot / torrid
  • Arid - arid
  • Continental - continental
  • Marine - maritime
  • Soft - mild
  • Subtropical - subtropical
  • Severe - severe
  • Dry - dry
  • Warm, hot - warm
  • Tropical - tropical
  • Moderate - temperate .

You can use them as follows: These clothes aren't suited to the tropical climate.

Natural phenomena

General phrases and technical terms are not enough to fluently talk about the weather in English. Various natural phenomena are very popular in discussions, which can both bring joy and horror. Therefore, it is necessary to expand the vocabulary on this topic.

The sky ( sky ) and the sun ( sun ) can be characterized using the following words and phrases:

  • Sunrise - sunrise
  • Rain clouds
  • Sunset - sunset
  • The sun's rays from behind the clouds - sunburst
  • Cloud - cloud
  • Snow clouds
  • Sunlight - sunlight
  • Cloudless - cloudless
  • In the clouds - cloudy
  • Overcast - overcast
  • Starry - starry
  • Open - open
  • Sunny - sunny
  • Clear, clear - clear .

Words will help to describe the action or state:

  • To cloud over
  • Clear, clear - to clear up
  • Lighten - to lighten
  • Brighten, brighten - to brighten
  • To darken - to darken .

Example:

  • It was an overcast winter morning
  • Suddenly the sky clouded over, and the storm broke.

Rain

Great Britain is famous not only for its sights, but also for its rainy weather. Therefore, before traveling to England, you should prepare and remember the following words:

  • Thunder - thunder
  • Hail - hail
  • Thunderstorm - thunderstorm
  • Rain - rain
  • Shower - shower
  • Puddle - puddle
  • Light rain - drizzle
  • Lightning - lightning
  • Precipitation - rainfall
  • Rainbow - rainbow
  • Slush, mud - mud .

The rain can be described in the following words:

  • Occasional - occasional
  • Long-term, permanent - persistent
  • Lingering - steady
  • Intermittent - intermittent
  • Furious, stormy - driving
  • Pouring - pouring
  • Strong - heavy
  • Weak - gentle .

Verbs that can be used:

  • Drum, knock - to patter ; to drum on / upon
  • Beat - to beat
  • It is raining - to rain
  • Drip, drip - to drip
  • Weaken, pause - to let up
  • To fall - to fall
  • To cease - to cease
  • Install - to set in
  • Lash - to lash
  • To pour down .

Example:

  • The rain lashed against the roof
  • Suddenly the rain poured down
  • Overcast morning is a sure forerunner of steady rain

Wind

By the way the wind (wind) suitable adjectives:

  • Breeze, light breeze - breeze
  • Passing - favorable
  • Fresh - brisk
  • Choppy - gusty
  • Sharp, piercing - biting
  • Ferocious - fierce
  • Ice - icy
  • Strong / high / stiff
  • Moderate - moderate
  • Gale -force / stormy.

Verbs that can be used:

  • Increase - to rise / increase
  • Howl - to howl
  • Blow - to blow
  • To fall away
  • Strengthen - to strengthen
  • Calm Down, Calm Down - to drop .

Example:

  • A slight wind rippled the crops in the valley
  • The temperature is dropping rapidly, the wind is howling and it's beginning to snow.

Fog

Foggy Albion is a poetic name for Great Britain, which the country has earned due to climatic conditions. To describe fog ( fog / mist ) in English, the words will help:

  • Dense / thick
  • Light, weak - light
  • To lie - to lie
  • Obstruct, obscure - to obscure
  • Envelop - to roll .

Example:

  • I cannot describe him more accurately, I have only seen him in thick fog
  • The view was obscured by mist

Snow

Winter is a magical time of the year. Only at this time can we admire the falling snowflakes, covered with a snow-white "fur coat" trees and shining in the sun snow cover. But how do you describe winter in English? Words are perfect for winter themes:

  • Blizzard / blizzard - snowstorm / blizzard
  • Ice - black ice
  • Sleet / sleet - shower sleet
  • Slush - slush
  • Snow - snow
  • Snowfall - snowfall
  • Snowflake - snowflake
  • Snow cover - snow cover
  • Icicle - icicle
  • Snowdrift, snow drift - snowdrift / snowbank.

The following verbs can be used here:

  • To be snowed under
  • To be covered in
  • Linger (do not melt) - to settle
  • It is snowing - to snow
  • Go, fall - to fall
  • Whirl - to swirl
  • Cover - to cover up
  • To melt - to melt .

Example:

  • Temperatures are expected to drop below zero, black ice is possible
  • This winter broke the record for snowfall.

Useful Phrases and Idioms

In the English language, there are many phraseological units built using the weather theme. Let's look at some interesting idioms with examples:

  • To be in bad standing, under suspicion - to be under a cloud

After the scandal in the press, the company was under a cloud for a year - After the scandal in the press, the company was in disgrace for a year .

  • Float in the clouds - to have your head in the clouds

I don't suppose he has noticed. He always has his head in the clouds - I don't think he noticed. He always hovers in the clouds.

  • Insecure friends - fair-weather friends

Don't trust him, he's just a fair-weather friend - Don't trust him, he's an unreliable friend.

  • Upcoming event, hovering in the air - to be in the wind

Once again changes are in the wind - Changes are outlined again.

  • Furious - to see the red mist

He has lost all control, he sees everything through the red mist - He completely lost his composure, everything enrages him.

  • Whatever happens, under any circumstances - rain or shine

Every morning, rain or shine, they discussed what work had to be done that day - Every morning, under any conditions, they discussed what work needs to be done today .

Current material has been prepared by Egor Eremeev
Education: Kuban State University, Russia (World Economics); Westminster University (Business & Management). Egor studied and lived in the UK for 8 years and graduated from the university of Westminster. He is currently the co-founder and the director of business development at Smapse Education and personally visits foreign schools and universities, interviews students studying in those institutions.
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