Summer is approaching: very soon in many regions, spring dust and dirt will be replaced by a piercing, sweltering heat. But there are places for whose inhabitants our 27, 29 and even thirty-odd degrees are nonsense, not worthy of even a mention. Such conditions there are everyday. In some, it is hot even in winter, and calming and pleasant bliss happen only in the morning, when the air temperature drops to more or less tolerable indicators. Heart attacks, dehydration and sunstroke here die equally often, and the best place to relax is a shopping center with air conditioning.
The only thing that these places have in common with Moscow is dirty, damp and saturated with exhaust air. Take the city of Ahvaz in Persia: the temperature there rarely drops below forty and sometimes rises to 55 degrees. And this is in conditions when the MPC of harmful substances exceeds the standard by 17.5 times!
Mexicali: 42.2°С degrees
The highest temperatures in this Mexican town have repeatedly caused the introduction of a state of emergency, which is not surprising: almost a million people live here, and the conditions, despite the proximity to California, are terrible.
But there is an annual festival of progressive rock Baja Prog.
There is no rain and even more so snow in Mexicali, and the deterioration of the environmental situation causes an increasing increase in ambient temperature. It is possible that in ten years, during the preparation of the next such rating, Mexicali's positions in the list will become higher.
The land in the city is burned by the sun, and its entire territory is filled with large houses and huge cacti, the height of which reaches 7-10 m. Precipitation in Mexicali almost does not fall, and the air temperature every year becomes only higher. This is due to the growth of the urban landscape, which has a bad effect on the soil, groundwater, flora and fauna. In addition, there are many industrial enterprises.
Timbuktu: 42.2°С degrees
This Muslim city is known for ancient monuments under the protection of UNESCO. It is located on the banks of the Niger River, next to the Sahara Desert, in a hilly sandy area. In ancient times, the road here was deadly, but even today it is not easy to get there.
Almost the entire city is built of bricks made of clay, so in summer they are destroyed due to heavy rains. To save their homes from destruction, people coat the buildings with countless layers of plaster made of the same clay. Paradox: despite the rains, the heat here does not subside; for example, the day before yesterday, thermometers showed 41 degrees, and the record temperature was 42.2 Celsius. The reasons lie in the onset of the desert.
Egypt, Cairo: 47.8°С degrees
It is believed that in the Egyptian capital there are a thousand minarets, but from this everyone is neither cold nor hot. Another thing is ten million people, vanishingly rare rains and the proximity of the sands of the Sahara.
When the rains do pass, they turn into a natural disaster, turning into a flood of unprecedented strength. But this is still a very rare phenomenon. Much more often there are khamsins - dust storms, the riot of which lasts for months and paints the Cairo sky red. Dry, burning lungs air and dust, from which there is no escape, do not scare off only tourists (however, even they prefer to come here in the cooler months). Locals do not risk testing the patience of Mother Nature and do everything possible to minimize the time spent on the street.
Pakistan, Karachi: 47.8°С degrees
This one of the largest and most crowded cities on Earth in Pakistan serves as an economic and business center, as well as a port hub: there are as many as two ports capable of receiving ocean-going ships.
In summer, a refreshing breeze blows from the sea, which reduces the severity of the burden of hot weather; despite this, death from lack of water and sunstroke is the norm here. The absolute record of high temperature was set in 1938: in the spring the air warmed up to almost 48 degrees. Since then, the thermometer columns have regularly approached the mark of 45 degrees, but they have never stepped over it. Nevertheless, in 2015, 800 people gave their souls to God from the heat here, and in 2019 - 580.
Local government uses an alert system that informs citizens in advance: the heat is coming, it's time to take shelter at home, in the office or in a shopping center, in a word - in a place where there is air conditioning. Unfortunately, this feature is not available to everyone.
USA, Las Vegas: 48°С degrees
The world capital of the casino is located in the central part of the Mojave desert area. This determines the climate: the temperature jumps up and down, winters are short and sunny, and summers are very long.
In local apartments, houses, offices and hotel rooms, air conditioning is a basic necessity. And even on the streets there are stations with mobile air conditioners! The last major snowfall in the vicinity of Vegas took place in 1909, and even rains here are extremely rare.
Heat kills not only people - it makes adjustments to the work of equipment. So, air traffic controllers often cancel flights at high temperatures - it is so high that the equipment simply cannot withstand and begins to fail.
Australia, Port Augusta: 48.9°С degrees
At the beginning of last year, the temperature in this South Australian town set a record: a degree and one tenth were not enough to the round number "50". However, the aborigines are convinced that the thermometers had all 52, and as evidence they use a photo card with a thermometer depicted on it.
To hide from this unbearable heat, the locals began to build their dwellings below ground level. There is also almost no rain here, it is impossible to conduct agriculture, and even fish in the river sometimes die from the heat.
Iran, Ahvaz: 54°С degrees
In the summer, the heat in Persian Ahvaz often reaches a fifty-degree mark. Even in winter, there is no snow, and surviving in such conditions is damn difficult. An additional negative factor is the high humidity of the atmospheric air.
But the life of one and a half million local inhabitants is complicated not only by the sun, but also by dense, heavy, like oil, air soaked in emissions from cars, industrial enterprises of the chemical and petrochemical industries. According to the World Health Organization, this city boasts the dirtiest air on the planet.
Mexico, San Luis Rio Colorado: 58.5°С degrees
Once on this place was the southern edge of the Sonor desert, and then there was a river port of serious national importance. With two hundred thousand inhabitants, the city is located in a very convenient location, right on the border between Mexico and the United States.
Unlike many other participants in our rating, winters here are mild, but summer is in full swing on the townspeople. For example, several times the thermometers reached 52 degrees. True, there is an urban legend, according to which in 1966 the thermometer showed the locals no less than 58 and a half degrees.
However, the heat is not the only problem of local residents. They have to deal with earthquakes. So, during the last one, which happened in 2010, the city was left without fuel, electricity and water supply for several days.