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TOP of the most popular museums in the world

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TOP of the most popular museums in the world

When your desire to contemplate the skeleton of a dinosaur or the works of Picasso, Michelangelo, da Vinci or Rubens materializes, you use the Internet or go to a museum. There, evidence of the past, wonderful examples of fine art and other attributes of the cultural layers of the departed are carefully preserved for posterity in storerooms and exhibitions. We invite you to familiarize yourself with a list of the 15 most visited museums according to the 2020 version.

Since quarantine measures made it impossible to visit some of the museums on the list, we give a weighted average of the number of visitors over several years, from lesser known to more popular.

National Korean Museum of Ethnography in Seoul (2.8 million visitors a year)

It was established by the US government during the occupation of the southern part of the country during the Korean War. Contains an outstanding collection of artifacts and objects of material heritage relating to various periods of Korean history - from ancient kingdoms and principalities, bypassing the Japanese occupation, to modern times.

The exhibitions are held in three main halls, each of which can accommodate thousands of visitors and hundreds of exhibits.

Hermitage, St. Petersburg (2.9)

The State Hermitage Museum is one of the largest and oldest collections in the world. It was founded by order of Empress Catherine II and from the very beginning it served as a museum function (which differs from dozens of other palaces-museums - they usually began their careers as dwellings of monarchs and their associates) in 1764.

The permanent exhibition is small, but the storerooms contain genuine treasures: paintings by Goya, Velazquez, both Mo (s) not, Van Gogh, a brilliant collection of small Dutchmen and other paintings.

To at least partially compensate for the lack of space, the museum very often holds offsite exhibitions both in Russia and abroad.

Museum of Modern Art, New York (3.1)

The museum possesses a colossal collection of objects of contemporary art, first of all, painting.

Located in Manhattan. In addition to paintings, it also presents sculptures (some of them in an open-air park), photographic materials, and a book collection. Among others, the library contains one of two complete copies of the fantastic publication "Birds of America" (the second is kept in the collections of the Russian State Library in Moscow).

Science Museum London, UK (3.4)

Opened during the time of Victoria by one of the royal scientific societies in 1857. Initially, it was a kind of "settling tank" - samples were sent here that did not fit in the expositions of other museums in Britain.

There are more than 300,000 items in the collection, moreover, almost everything can be touched, examined from all sides (including from the inside) in order to understand how everything works.

Rijksmuseum Contemporary Art, Paris (3.7)

Branch of the Georges Pompidou complex. There are more than 100,000 objects of authorship of 6,500 workers of contemporary fine arts - sculptors, graphic artists, art-figures of various kinds. It is the second largest in the world, after the museum in New York, an exhibition of objects of creativity by contemporary authors.

If the Museum of Contemporary Art pays tribute to modernity, then here we are dealing with a grandiose exposition dedicated to the classical art of both the New and the Old World - photographs, sculptural compositions, more than a thousand canvases of the Italian and French Renaissance.

Fun fact: the only work of the great Leonardo on the other side of the Atlantic is kept under these vaults. The visit is free, no fee is charged (you can make a voluntary donation).

National Museum of American History, Washington (4.3)

The subject of the exhibition is the history of the United States of America in all its diversity and splendor - from the Spanish and Dutch colonists to the Jewish inhabitants of Brooklyn, from the Indians of the pre-Columbian period to modern industrial history.

Notable exhibits include a wagon of pioneer conquerors of the Wild West, an Indian kayak, weapons of the former and the latter, as well as samples of educational and preaching literature in indigenous languages.

A branch of the Smithsonian Institution first opened its doors in 1964 and is very fond of both Americans and guests of this great country.

American Museum of Natural History, New York (5.0)

The largest museum in the world in terms of funds - over 33 million items, including bones, skeletons and stuffed animals of various fish, animals, rare plants, samples of minerals and rocks, raw precious stones and other unimaginable objects.

Founded in 1868, opened to the public in 1869. For American students, admission is free.

Imperial Palace Museum, Taipei (5.4)

There are two museums of the imperial palace: one is located in the same place as the palace - in Beijing, and the second - in Taipei. The funds reflect all the diversity and ambiguity of the history of the Celestial Empire, from the Stone Age to the tragic end of the last Qin emperor - the Japanese puppet Pu Yi. The bronze collection alone consists of more than ten thousand pieces.

Tate Modern (5.8)

Opening in the anniversary year 2000, the gallery on its 7 floors in 54 halls has sheltered thousands of art specimens from all over the world. Chronologically covers the 20th century.

The curators of the museum intend to conduct a total digitization of all exhibits by 2023 and provide the maximum opportunity for their inspection using the Internet.

Vatican Museum, Vatican City (5.9)

Founded in the 16th century by Pope Julius II, Cardinal della Rovere, successor to Alexander VI Borgia, father of the famous courtesan Julia and Condottiere Cesare. The lion's share of the exhibits was the property of the Pope Borgia.

Every next dad, with the exception of the absolutely insane mendicant "brothers", considered it his duty to multiply his collection by a hundred or two priceless things.

The papal home museum contains countless Catholic relics, sculptures and paintings by Renaissance masters: everything that the grabbing hands of the Roman Church could reach.

Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York (6.4)

One of the most popular museums in the world opened its doors in 1870. Created with the money of wealthy American patrons and big business tycoons. The largest in terms of occupied area - over 210 thousand square meters.

By purchasing a ticket, visitors receive a commemorative badge, the appearance of which differs depending on the day of the week.

Crowns the architectural ensemble of Trafalgar Square, echoing the column in memory of Admiral Nelson and the monument dedicated to him. It was opened in 1839 and serves as a repository for 2300 magnificent paintings, arranged in chronological order, which allows you to follow the dynamics of the development of fine art, changing styles, trends, trends.

British Museum, London (7.3)

Since its founding in 1753, the subjects of the British Crown have been dragging everything here that is poorly screwed and not red-hot: mummies and Egyptian statues, Greek vessels, Roman bronze and statues, artifacts from countless colonies. In total, it turned out 8 million items, which is even more than the number of visitors per year.

Louvre, Paris (9.3)

The Louvre has a unique and unique collection - there is no such thing anywhere else. It's not about quantity: here is the original Mona Lisa by Leonardo da Vinci, the largest collection of Botticelli and Picasso's Guernica.

The building was erected in the XII century as a residence for Philip III, King of France and Navarre. Over time, it was repeatedly expanded and rebuilt until it acquired its current function of a public museum in the 19th century.

The collection, inimitable in its uniqueness, includes more than 300,000 objects of art.

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