The tradition of dressing students of schools, gymnasiums and other educational institutions in a single form originated long before the beginning of our era! Even ancient Greek children had a single style of clothing, which has changed and improved over hundreds of years. History remembers periods when wearing school uniforms was an honor that not all students were honored with.
In the schools of some modern countries, the mandatory wearing of uniforms for students has been completely abolished, but the tradition has been preserved in many countries. Student clothing in each country is different, because it is formed in accordance with centuries-old traditions and customs, political regime or worldview of citizens.
School uniforms appeared in Japan at the end of the century before last. Now children dress in the same clothes in almost all public and commercial schools, but there is no single color scheme in the uniforms, as well as the national style. In one school, students may have green jackets and in another, they may have orange vests.
At the beginning of the twentieth century, sailors made according to models from european schools gained wide popularity among schoolgirls. In Japanese, such outfits became known as "sailor fuku," which literally translates to "sailor's suit." A local corporation had a monopoly on the production of seifuku, and the students of each school in the country received a unique series of sailors. This form was very popular, but each model differed from the other in both cut and color scheme.
There is a widespread myth on the Web that the state gives out very short skirts to modern Japanese schoolgirls. In fact, students shorten them on their own - their original length almost reaches the knee. The popularity of shortened skirts among Japanese girls appeared in the 90s of the twentieth century, when the star Namie Amuro shone on the stage. Since then, schoolgirls began to twist skirts on top, tighten them with a belt and hide the entire structure under the jacket. In short skirts, students walk from home to school, and during classes they dissolve the fabric to the desired length. Soviet schoolgirls, for comparison, it was customary to shorten skirts by cutting off the fabric from the bottom: from the resulting material, girls sewed a hem to the skirt.
The wearing of school uniforms is compulsory in all schools in Sri Lanka, with the exception of a few private institutions where students are free to come in anything.
Boys in local schools wear blue shorts and white shirts with a shortened sleeve until the 10th grade. During the celebrations, shorts are changed to white, and the shirt is worn with long sleeves. High school students get the opportunity to wear classic pants.
Girls in all schools have a different cut, but the color is the same - white. Local students go to classes in short-sleeved dresses that have a collar. There is a variant of clothing when there is no collar or sleeves - such as a sundress. In some schools, female students also wear a red tie and a distinctive school emblem on their chests.
The traditional school uniform in Bhutan is called gho and kira. Gho is a school outfit for boys, and young students of local educational institutions are dressed in kira. Each school independently chooses the color of the form, but the cut and style are the same. Most often, the school administration chooses dark colors for its students - burgundy, dark green or blue.
For Cuban pupils and university students, the wearing of uniforms is mandatory. The country has its own system of colors - for each class or course there is its own color.
- Elementary school students wear burgundy and white clothing in combination. Boys wear burgundy pants and white shirts, and girls wear burgundy-colored sundresses. Since Cuba is the heir to socialist culture, local schoolchildren still wear red ties like Soviet pioneers. Sometimes there are also blue ties.
- In high school, shirts remain white, and sundresses and trousers turn yellow. Middle school girls can replace the sundress with skirts with long socks of the same color.
- Future school graduates lose the white color from their uniforms - light blue shirts come to replace it. Skirts and trousers acquire a dark blue color.
Pupils of North Korean schools are similar to the children of the Soviet Union in their uniforms. A recognizable symbol is the same red tie as in Cuba. The tie symbolizes commitment to the communist movement, and every student is obliged to wear it. However, the rest of the uniform does not have a common standard for all schools. Girls can wear skirts and sundresses in burgundy, gray or white. Boys are available plaid or white shirts in combination with black trousers.
There is no uniform in Vietnam, but the leadership of large cities prefers that all schools in a certain area have a common standard for the clothing of students. Most often, young Vietnamese wear a semblance of a pioneer tie, a dark bottom with a light top in the form of blouses or shirts.
The situation changes when students move on to high school. Spending the last school years, girls wear the traditional Vietnamese outfit Aozai - a long shirt made of silk, which is worn over trousers. The shirt in this outfit is white. High school students can opt out of the red tie, but black pants and shoes with a white shirt remain mandatory. If you visit the villages remote from Hanoi, you will notice that the students walk in arbitrary clothes.
Each school in an island nation has its own uniform. Distinctive signs in the form of emblems or coats of arms of the school are embroidered on each item of clothing - this is how the identity of the school is emphasized. In prestigious educational institutions , the uniform is still the pride of the student, and he must carefully take care of it. If a student of such an institution does not come to classes in a full set of uniforms, he will cover himself with shame and receive a reprimand.