- Milan, Bosco Verticale
- Lyon, Museum of the confluence
- Brighton, British Airways Tower I360
- Porto, Casa da Música
- Edinburgh, W Hotel
- Tbilisi, Hotel "Biltmore"
- Dublin, Dublin Needle
- London, The Walkie-Talkie
- Graz, Kunsthaus Graz
- Alicante, Edificio Montreal
- Paris, Tour Montparnasse
Architecture is an integral part of life. Man-made buildings surround us everywhere, from small villages to large metropolitan areas. Homes and public buildings should be, first of all, easy to use for their intended purpose. Secondly, architectural structures set the tone and mood for the space, therefore, at least they should fit into the landscape, as a maximum, they should look harmonious and not spoil the picture already created around.
In an effort to amaze the architects of the 20th and 21st centuries, having mastered colossal technologies in construction, they often omit these rules and guidelines: the main thing is to stand out, surprise, shock, leave your mark! There are good examples, but there are not very good examples. Let's walk through several structures in Europe, which cause heated debate, discussion and dislike from both locals and tourists.
Milan, Bosco Verticale
The air in Milan is very dirty; among the cities of Europe, Milan takes the leading place in air pollution. The Boeri architects came up with the idea to build a vertical forest to help the city breathe. The project consists of two high-rise buildings with several dozen species of trees and plants planted on their terraces. It literally looks like a forest growing upward. The trees are carefully looked after, replanted if necessary.
Many people are impressed by the building, and the idea seems modern and super-eco-friendly. But there are also those who do not share the enthusiasm and believe that such buildings look strange and out of place in an urban environment.
Lyon, Museum of the confluence
“A pile of glass and metal of an incomprehensible shape with a hole in the middle” is the most affectionate thing that one can hear about the new “Museum of Fusion”, which has opened in Lyon. The building stands at the confluence of the Saone and Rhone rivers, hence the name. The creators wanted to see a crystal or a cloud in their creation, but people stubbornly insist that the futuristic, awkward and cyclopean huge structure looks ugly and spoils the historical view of the city.
Brighton, British Airways Tower I360
The tallest moving observation deck in the world is located on an abandoned pier in the English city of Brighton. Gliding on a pillar 162 meters high, the glass dome-cabin allows you to see the city in all details. The idea of the architects was to give people the opportunity to "walk in the air" and open a view of the city from the sea.
As usual, there were dissatisfied people who believed that a tower of this size was knocked out of the general appearance of the city and did not add beauty to it. The opinion of ill-wishers did not prevent the building from getting into the Guinness Book of Records as the thinnest tower in the world.
Porto, Casa da Música
The new and the unusual are often controversial in society. So it happened with the House of Music in the Portuguese city of Porto: a technically perfect building that meets all the requirements of acoustics was not very popular with the residents. The shape is controversial and controversial, although the building received the highest praise in the professional architectural community.
People do not always go into details and study the object that has been criticized, which is in vain. The shape of the building was chosen for a reason - only a rectangular "box" can create the necessary and so important acoustics for the House of Music. To prevent the box from looking boring, the architect uses imagination, new engineering findings and solutions.
Edinburgh, W Hotel
The new W Hotel became the object of dislike for the townspeople of Scottish Edinburgh. The building seems to be wrapped in a giant ribbon, pulling on the edge of which, it seems, can set it in motion, like a child's top. For some reason, the tape causes unpleasant associations in people, sometimes with toilet paper, sometimes with a bandage.
Tbilisi, Hotel "Biltmore"
The huge glass tower of the hotel, as if it had flown in from the future, sank heavily in the center of Tbilisi. It looks defiant and pretentious among the old city and mountains visible in the distance. Somewhere in New York or Tokyo they would not have noticed it, but in old Tbilisi the tower looks like an alien.
Dublin, Dublin Needle
The authors called the building "Monument of Light" - it is a symbol of the new, changes and the future. The 120-meter high conical tower is lined with reflective material, so its name fully justifies. The Dublin Needle replaced the now-lost monument to Admiral Nelson. The authorities decided not to restore the monument, but to bring freshness and innovation to the architecture of the city.
Not all residents appreciated the idea - the monument has repeatedly become the object of criticism.
London, The Walkie-Talkie
On London's 20 Fenchurch Street, there is a building that the British nicknamed The Walkie-Talkie. Apparently, the shape of the skyscraper, which has one concave side - the south, prompted such an association of the townspeople. This nuance turned out to be fatal, since the building has a mirrored surface, and the concave side reflected the sun and heated the temperature of nearby objects, where the reflected beam fell, to 117 degrees!
Fryscraper is the second nickname for the fire-breathing building, which literally means "sky-fire " or " heat-scraper ". Oh, this sparkling English humor!
Graz, Kunsthaus Graz
It seems that the architect of this building loved the fairy tale "Miracle Yudo Fish-Whale" as a child. Otherwise, how to explain the similarity?
The building houses the Museum of Contemporary Art. At first glance, even an unprepared viewer may think that there is no idea - just a giant monster in the middle of the city. But this is the point: the style of this creation is a blob , which implies the placement in an urban environment of a building that sharply contrasts with the surrounding reality.
This "friendly alien", as the museum was nicknamed, leaves no one indifferent, but most of the townspeople are of the opinion that the architects have overdone it a bit.
Alicante, Edificio Montreal
An unusual-looking residential building was erected in the Spanish Alicante - the building was popularly called the Pyramid. Either a giant ship with a sail, or someone unsuccessfully cut the cake with a huge knife - everyone has their own associations looking at this masterpiece of architectural art. Despite the external flaws, the residents of the house appreciate it for its spacious apartments and stunning views that open from the windows.
Paris, Tour Montparnasse
Parisians know where all the evil in the world is hiding - in the Montparnasse skyscraper. The huge black monolith contrasts sharply with the architectural appearance of one of the most beautiful cities in the world.
The tower dominates, rises and looks defiant. Parisians joke that the only way not to see this monster is to be inside or on top of the skyscraper where the observation deck is. They obviously stole the joke from Guy de Maupassant, who, in a similar wording, spoke about everyone's beloved Eiffel Tower.