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2022-04-01 02:01:12

TOP oldest universities in Europe

TOP oldest universities in Europe

It is believed that the first universities began to emerge in Europe only in the XII century. However, many historians agree that the first university in history could be the University of Constantinople (Magnaurus School), which appeared around the middle of the IX century and operated until the fall of Byzantium (1453). At the time of the fall of the city in Europe, universities were actively developing and operating. Some of them managed to maintain their status as the most prestigious and influential universities in Europe.

University of Bologna, Italy

The date of foundation of the university is officially considered to be 1088, but the prerequisites for the creation of a higher educational institution began to emerge in 1000, when the world community began to revive the tradition of studying Roman law. The first lecturer and founder of the University of Bologna was Irnerius, the founder of the Western European study of Roman law.

Today, the University of Bologna is considered the second largest university in Italy. Hundreds of thousands of applicants are trying to get here, because the university is considered one of the best in the world. In total, the University of Bologna has about 23 faculties, and the oldest and most significant is still the Faculty of Law.

University of Oxford, England

Second in age, but not in importance, is Oxford University. The official date of foundation of the university is 1096, but the exact date is unknown. Thanks to historical references, it was possible to establish that teaching was already actively conducted within the walls of the university in 1096. However, some scientists believe that the university was officially opened only in 1117 by the decision of the English clergy, that clergymen received higher education here.

Oxford University is considered one of the most prestigious in the modern world. Earlier in the Middle Ages, only clergymen who were very poor and could not pay for education could get an education here. Today, admission to the university is paid and quite expensive, despite the flexible system of grants and scholarships. 

Oxford has more than 4,000 teachers, 70 of whom are Members of the Royal Society.

University of Cambridge, England

The very creation of the University of Cambridge is closely connected with the history of Oxford. According to historical references, the university was established in 1209 by a small group of teachers and students who were forced to leave Oxford University. The reason for this decision was a serious conflict with the community. The "renegades" settled in a small market town, which was located near the navigable river. Later, the university began to grow, and many local residents of the town began to teach at the university, and young people began to become students.

The structure of the University of Cambridge includes colleges (31 in total) and academic schools (6 in total). Classes are held in 28 courses. Today about 20 thousand students from different countries study at the university. 

Interestingly, the University of Cambridge has its own constitution, which does not contradict the laws of the United Kingdom of Great Britain, and also houses its own legislature Regent House!

University of Coimbra, Portugal

The oldest university in Portugal was founded in 1290. Initially, the location of the creation of the University of Coimbra was Lisbon, but later the university was moved to Coimbra, where it is located today. The university is considered the leading educational institution in Portugal, one of the three best universities in portuguese-speaking countries.

Today, about 25 thousand students study at the University of Coimbra, about 10% of them are students from 90 countries of the world. In total, the university has 8 faculties and 4 campuses. Also included in the university are the Museum of Science, the Museum of Sacred Art and the Gila Vincente Theater.

University of Vienna, Austria

The University of Vienna was founded by Duke Rudolf IV, as well as his brothers Albert III and Leopold III, in 1365. The first rector of the university was Albert of Saxony, who previously taught at the University of Paris, so the structure of the university has the features of French universities. 

More than 90 thousand students from all over the world study at the University of Vienna. It is not only the first in terms of the number of students, but also the largest educational institution in the German-speaking space. By the way, among the graduates of the university there are many famous people and 15 Nobel Prize winners.

University of Heidelberg, Germany

The university was founded in the city of Heidelberg in 1386 with the permission of Pope Urban VI, to create a center of spiritual life, as well as to attract foreigners.

One of the oldest and strongest faculties of the university is medical. The medical school itself, which is part of the structure of the university, has existed since the Middle Ages. The faculty maintains a high reputation – both in the field of education and in the field of research. By the way, scientific research and discoveries are carried out here on the basis of a large hospital at the university. 

Among the graduates of the University of Heidelberg, there are about 30 Nobel Prize winners.

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Egor Eremeev
Current material has been prepared by Egor Eremeev
Education: Westminster University (Business & Management), London.
Egor studied and lived in the UK for 8 years and graduated from the university of Westminster. He is currently the co-founder and the director of business development at Smapse Education and personally visits foreign schools and universities, interviews students studying in those institutions.
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