We know firsthand about students of American schools from films, articles and similar sources: they do not wear uniforms, change schools, wander down the street and do nothing in the classroom. We talked to several American schoolchildren and teachers to find out the truth, after which we chose the most common theses and analyzed them in detail.
They move from school to school all the time.
This is not entirely true: with the exception of cooking and kindergarten, each student changes the largest three schools - primary, from the first to the fourth, the middle - up to the eighth grade, and the senior, where they finish as early as the twelfth. Names may vary by state, but in general the system is the same.
They do nothing: a maximum of a few lessons a day and outdoor games
This is also not entirely true. In fact, the duration of classes and their number are not regulated by laws and even at the state level there may be differences between one and another county. In addition, most of the disciplines are variable, you can choose any number of subjects beyond the basic minimum set. And the average workload of a high school student in an average school is 6-7 lessons daily.
Therefore, students simply do not have time for the dramatic and comedic scenes shown in films: Americans are unfamiliar with a long break of 15-20 minutes, breaks last no more than five or ten, just to change the class.
Lunch lasts an hour and a half. Schoolchildren have time to eat, kick a ball, lie on the lawns
Lunch is the only break between lessons that lasts more than ten minutes. But you can't dream of hours of lazy nega on lawn grass. Usually, half an hour is given to have a snack, and if the school is very large, the time can be extended so that all students have time to have lunch.
To avoid pandemonium in the dining room, lunch is dined in classrooms or floors, in turns. Sometimes this falls during the lesson: then the teachers interrupt their classes, allowing students to go out to eat, and then continue from the same place.
The school canteen is called the cafeteria, although in terms of content it is the dining room. Sandwich fans or those whose parents save on school lunches arm themselves with lunchboxes or sandwich bags.
The student must receive a pass from the teacher to go to the toilet during the lesson
It really is. Any student who is outside the classroom during class must have a pass with them. It is not a fact that it will be checked, but the obligation remains.
In some schools, however, this is not the case – and in others, the rule is constantly criticized by the pedagogical and parent community.
Each student has his own locker for things
These lockers are very fond of citing the example when they talk about the need to wear a change of shoes and a bunch of textbooks to school. It is believed that school bullies like to lock inside junior high school students and those who do not enjoy authority in the classroom or are unable to protect themselves.
Lockers are actually in almost every educational institution. They are locked with a key, personal belongings and outerwear are stored inside, but they do not put a change there, because it simply does not exist. And why? They go to school by bus or parent's car. And a little later - on a velika or your own car, the benefit in some states the rights are received already in 15-16 years.
In American schools, some events, parties and balls are constantly held.
That's mostly true. There are not so many main events, but they are held widely and from the heart. In the fall, we are talking primarily about Alumni Week, when colleges and other educational institutions open their doors to all those who are graduated. At the same time, school balls are held.
In winter, another dance event is held, and in the spring the era of prom comes - graduations, glorified in Hollywood films. This is the main event of the year for countless students. Since winter, students have been picking up costumes, looking for a couple, choosing a king and queen of the ball ... A similar event can be seen in the fourth book about Harry Potter or stephen King's work "Carrie". True, usually the ending is not so dramatic.
In American schools, there are no school uniforms, everyone wears whatever they want.
In private schools, of course, as elsewhere, they wear uniforms, corporate colors, which allows the educational institution to demonstrate its flag outside. And in simple district and municipal schools, there is no uniform, but there is a dress code that prohibits exposing the shoulders, wearing short shorts and ripped jeans.
U.S. schools have a special lesson to mind your own business.
In US schools, there is a study hall: this is the period of time when students can study under the supervision of a teacher, do homework or just read - the main thing is that they do not stare at the cell phone at this time.
If the student enjoys the trust of the teacher, he can be released to the library or offered to become an assistant teacher. The number of such classes is regulated at the school level, so that, if desired, such lessons can even be daily.
Schoolchildren are often taken on excursions
Students in the United States as often as ours go on excursions and visit various museums, exhibitions and similar events.
Children are often punished for bad behavior.
If you fight with a classmate, missed the deadlines for an important task or even just a lesson, you will be held accountable. If the violation is minor, it may be a sit-in after-school sentence, when the offender will be forced to write an explanatory note, do some work or just sit in the classroom under the supervision of a teacher - either to do lessons, or to be bored. This is called detention.
More serious violations can result in-school suspension (ISS) and out-of-school suspension (OSS) - transfer to separate class behind closed doors or suspension from classes. In the most difficult cases, the student can in principle be expelled from the institution (expulsion) - the law allows this.
Fortunately, executions of this kind are gradually becoming a thing of the past: if in the 60s it was rare for a boy not to be ripped out in a year from half a dozen times, now it is no longer a routine, but an extraordinary punishment - everywhere except Texas and Mississippi.