More and more students every year strive to go to foreign countries - not only for the purpose of obtaining top-level education: many want to stay there after graduation in order to be able to live or work. One of the decisive criteria for studying abroad is the conditions that countries create for foreign citizens. They are different everywhere, so if you want to stay on the territory of another state after graduating from a local university , be careful about choosing a place of study.
In our article you will find answers to the most pressing questions on the topic:
- Where graduates get enough time to find work
- Where the visa is valid the longest
- Where foreign specialists can be in demand
There are at least 10 countries in the world where you can get an excellent education, and after graduation it is not bad to get a job.
If you complete your studies in Australia for at least 2 years, you will be able to apply for a Temporary Graduate visa. It can be obtained by working students (Graduate Work) or graduates (Post-Study Work). The latter receive a document valid for 2 to 4 years.
Most importantly, a visa does not create a binding for a foreign student to a specific specialty or employer! During the validity of a study visa, you can find a job, earn freelance or look for yourself. Then the student simply changes the document to work or business.
Australia is widely known for its high salaries and comfortable working conditions - the competition is quite high here. At the same time, the country still needs specialists from different fields, so foreign graduates with higher education have every chance of successful employment.
- Average annual salary: $ 62,000.
In America, after graduation, a foreign student is given time for one of the further actions: to leave the country, to extend the old visa to continue studying, or to apply for a new one and go to work. For an F-1 visa, the period is 60 days, for an M-1 and J-1 visa - 30 days.
According to the ORT program, graduates of American universities with F-1 visas can find temporary work in their specialty for 1 year (bachelor's degree) or 2 years (bachelor's and master's).
After receiving a diploma or passing the ORT program, a graduate can also apply for a Temporary Working Visa (H-1B). The work visa is valid for three years and can be extended. To obtain it, you must have at least a bachelor's degree. But it is impossible to issue a work visa on your own - an application for it is submitted only with the support of an American employer, which will have a foreign graduate among its employees.
Now the American economy is stable enough to assume that the number of jobs for foreign specialists will only grow in the coming years.
The request for qualified American university graduates varies by state and specialty. The best job prospects open up for graduates of the faculties of business and economics, banking, media and advertising, hospitality, IT, social work and public health.
- Average annual salary: $ 56,000.
After the expiration of the student visa, a foreign graduate of a Czech university can switch to a work visa if he can officially find a job with a local employer. Or you can apply for an entrepreneur visa if you plan to freelance or work for yourself in some other format.
Each visa is valid for 2 years, renewable. After several visa cycles, a foreigner can already apply for an exam and obtain permanent residence.
According to expert estimates, the labor market in the Czech Republic will grow in the coming years - according to forecasts, by 2030, about 420 thousand new vacancies will appear in the country. The most demanded specialists will be workers in the fields of mechanical engineering, information technology and banking. Also, Czechs are always in demand for foreign specialists in the medical, agricultural, tourism or educational fields.
- Average annual salary: $ 17,000.
Having received a diploma on the basis of a New Zealand university, a foreign student can apply for a special work visa for graduates - Post-Study Work Visa. There are two types of such a visa: open (Open) and "employer" (Employer Assisted). The first is issued to students for a year if they have not yet managed to find a permanent job (during this time, you can earn extra money and look for permanent employment). A second visa is issued to graduates after they have found a permanent job in New Zealand; the document is valid for 2-3 years with the possibility of extension.
In recent years, the economy of New Zealand has been developing steadily (annual growth of about 3%), and the unemployment rate is at a historic low. All this makes the country an ideal place to find a job if you are a foreigner.
Serious young people have no difficulty in finding options, especially if their education is related to one of the most in-demand areas. Essential Skills in Demand Lists (ESID) can be found on the government website. At the moment, these are government, agriculture, pedagogy, health care, engineering and hospitality.
- Average annual salary: $ 47,000.
By the time of completion of their studies at a Canadian university, a foreigner can apply for a Post Graduation Work Permit (PGWP). It gives the graduate the right to stay in the country for up to 3 years. The total length of stay of a foreign student is directly related to the number of years during which he studied here. During this period, the student must find a suitable job with official employment + apply for a visa.
Canadians value international graduates very highly for the experience they can bring in different fields of work. Here young people also have chances to get a successful job. The increase in vacancies in Canada has recently been observed in several areas - the financial sector, banking, energy, transport, heavy industry, tourism and sports. The largest number of foreign workers is expectedly concentrated in large cities of the country - Toronto, Montreal, Calgary.
- Average annual salary: $ 51,000.
Foreign students educated in China, after graduation, can apply for a Z visa - this is a general work visa for the country. The first document is issued for a period of 1 year with the possibility of renewal. Also, with a candidate who received such a visa, the closest family members can live in China. The main nuance is that to obtain a document you need to have 2 years of experience.
In China, there are still a number of special programs for specialists from certain fields. For example, under the Teach in China program, a country hires English teachers for at least 1 year.
China is the world leader in import and export, so the country's academic industry + business and economy are developing here at a breakneck pace. Many large international companies are based in China - HSBC, Microsoft, Airbus and IBM.
This country is also one of the leading centers of modern education, and therefore it is one of the most popular places for labor migration. Every year, Chinese companies are hiring more and more foreign specialists: their services are highly demanded in industry, engineering, business, electronics, medicine and pedagogy.
- Average annual salary: $ 53,000.
In Germany, foreign students can stay in the country for 18 months after graduation. During this period, young specialists have the right to take a part-time job or look for a permanent job. To get this opportunity, you just need to be a student of a German university, no other documentation is required.
But after receiving an official job in Germany, a foreign graduate can apply for a residence permit or an EU Blue Card. Both will give you the opportunity to live and work in Germany if you are a foreigner. A residence permit is issued even for part-time employment (if only officially), and the "blue card" opens up the opportunity to work in other countries.
According to statistics, in Germany after graduation, every second or third foreign student remains. Many people live and work here - not only visa is conveniently issued, but also a wide labor market. The German economy is developing actively, the unemployment rate remains low. Foreigners get all the opportunities for employment or starting their own business. Now in Germany specialists from the field of medicine, transport, logistics, mechanical engineering, IT, engineering, technology and science are in great demand.
- Average annual salary: $ 51,000.
It is more difficult to get a work visa after graduation in Switzerland than in other EU countries. However, the conditions of study and employment are so attractive that few people are stopped by difficulties.
After graduating from the university, a foreign student can stay in Switzerland for 6 months - during this time he can look for a permanent job or start a part-time job with employment up to 15 hours a week. If he manages to find a permanent job, then he switches to a work visa. The first visa is issued for 1 year with the possibility of extension. If the foreign graduate is not an EU citizen, the local employer must confirm to the authorities that he has not found a more suitable candidate for the vacancy from among local residents or citizens of EU countries.
Salaries in Switzerland are some of the highest in the world, but unemployment is very low, so foreign specialists in Switzerland will receive excellent working conditions and various social benefits. Foreign employees are most often employed in engineering, IT, electronics, banking, healthcare, education, construction or real estate. Many also find a job in the hotel or restaurant business, which literally originated in Switzerland and is very developed there.Another nuance: graduates of Swiss universities have certain advantages over other foreigners - in this country, the criterion for admission to a university is knowledge of one of the country's state languages (and there are four of them here!) In addition to English.
- Average annual salary: $ 92,000.
In Singapore, graduates of not only higher educational institutions, but also candidates with secondary specialized education can stay to work after graduation. A foreigner who received higher education in Singapore and found a job there with a salary of $ 1887 can apply for an Employment Pass work visa - it is given for 2 years with the possibility of extension. Students with secondary specialized education can apply for an S-Pass visa, which gives the right to work and live in Singapore.
Today Singapore is one of those countries where the most convenient visa conditions for graduates from Asia have been created. The country's economy is developing, so specialists with higher education and knowledge of languages are always needed here. And Singaporean salaries are among the highest among Asian regions.
The best job opportunities in Singapore are for professionals from other countries who work in trade, economics, finance, engineering, information technology and communications.
- Average annual salary: $ 42,000.
After receiving a diploma at a Polish university, a graduate from another country is given 1 year to find a permanent job here. If young professionals find a permanent job or decide to open their own business in Poland, they switch to a full-fledged work visa - it is issued with the possibility of an extension.
Poland even has a decree on the employment of foreign specialists, thanks to which local residents or representatives of other EU countries have been on a par with foreign candidates in employment for several years.
The labor market in Poland is extensive, graduates have an excellent opportunity to get a job in their specialty or start their own business. Often, foreign students find work in Poland in the fields of economics, finance, construction, technology, healthcare, trade, hotel or restaurant business.
- Average annual salary: $ 12,000.