Not far from London, in no less mystical than Stonehenge itself, the county of Devonshire is a monument of ancient architecture. Who built it, how, and why? The answers to some questions have already been found, some have yet to be answered. The main thing is that this place has come down to us, we can visit it and touch the life of ancient people.
How was Stonehenge built?
For a long time, scientists tried to establish the age of the megalith, which was possible thanks to the hydrocarbon analysis of the material. It was determined that the construction took place in several stages, and the first dates back to 3100 BC - the construction of a round ditch and the creation of an earthen embankment. In total, the construction lasted about 200 years.
What could the structure look like after construction? What functions did the elements of the complex perform?
- In the place where the tourist camp is located today, recesses and the remains of wooden pillars were found, which served as scaffolds for a large monument that has not survived to this day.
- In the center of the building there was a huge green boulder that played the role of an altar
- Around the stone - crescent-shaped buildings, 2 of which have survived
- The structure was surrounded by a moat. During excavations, it turned out that it was clogged with bones and remains of animals, which testifies to the sacrifices and mystical rites performed here.
- 56 holes were dug behind the moat, covered with chalk - their purpose has not yet been determined.
The structure consists of stones that went through several stages of processing before installation:
- The first is treatment with fire and blows. So the boulders acquired the required shape.
- The second is grinding. They were sanded directly at the installation site: this method of processing led to a color change.
An interesting fact is that the stone deposit closest to the construction is 400 kilometers away. How the ancient people carried out the transportation and lifting of multi-ton boulders is a mystery.
Everything connected with Stonehenge is shrouded in a veil of mystery. Disputes about the purpose of the construction have been going on for several hundred years, but scientists have not been able to come to a common denominator.
Inigo Jones, a royal architect who lived in the 17th century, received an order from King James I to figure out what Stonehenge is. After examining the building and comparing it with other examples of ancient architecture, Jones came to the conclusion that it was the ruins of a Roman temple.
A later version says that Stonehenge is an observatory. Evidence:
- Calculations of building stones with increased accuracy
- During the summer solstice, the main axis of Stonehenge points to the place where the Sun rises.
- During sunrise, the rays cut through the megalith right in the middle.
This version is most of all criticized: was it really necessary to spend 2 centuries, huge human and material resources, building an ordinary observatory?
The most incredible version says that Stonehenge is a take - off site for alien aircraft. Evidence - found in 14 kilometers from Addis Ababa, rock paintings, which are 5,000 years old. The images show a structure that looks like Stonehenge, with something that looks like a flying saucer above it.
A place entangled in legends
Stonehenge is associated with many legends and mysterious events:
- In 1953, a group of tourists included a teenage boy who walked up to one of the boulders and touched it. The moment after touching, he fell. Since then, the boy has been paralyzed.
- In 1956, Stonehenge was shot on film. While developing the photographs, the photographer noticed that a pillar of fire was rising from each stone to the sky.
- A strong magnetic field acts around the structure, which in a special way affects the energy of everyone present.
- Strange, inexplicable clicks emanate from the stones. Scientists attribute them to the action of the aforementioned magnetic field.
- The phenomenon of a compass operates on the territory of the complex: no matter from which side you go around the megalith, the red arrow will always point to the center of the structure. Scientists attribute this to the same magnetic field.
- If you knock on the boulders that make up the structure, the sound is transmitted from stone to stone even if they are not in contact with each other.
- The complex is being studied by engineers, builders, biologists, chemists, astrologers, astronomers, geologists and historians, but none of the scientists managed to find a solution. Not a single drawing, not a single inscription on the stones - as if someone deliberately erased all traces in order to erase the appointment of Stonehenge from the face of the earth.
One can talk endlessly about the mystical phenomena of Stonehenge. This mysticism attracts thousands of visitors every year, otherwise how to explain the incredible popularity of the building, about which nothing is known, even its purpose?