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Globe Theater in London: a new life for Shakespeare's main creation

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Globe Theater in London: a new life for Shakespeare's main creation

Located next to the Millennium Bridge, Shakespeare's Globe Theater is old and young at the same time, and this paradox is well understood by those who are familiar with the history of one of the most famous temples of Melpomene in Great Britain, and possibly the world. It was always surrounded by serious passions: fires and destruction, fake guns exploded at performances and trousers on the audience caught fire, and almost 400 years after the death of the most famous theater actor - William Shakespeare - a suspicion crept into some learned minds: did the great actor live? and a playwright really?

History of the appearance of the first Shakespeare theater

There is no exact evidence when the writer and playwright Shakespeare composed the first play, but the theatrical career of Shakespeare as an actor began in 1594, when, during the reign of Elizabeth I, the Servant of the Lord Chamberlain theater troupe was created, time. Having become rich, the members of the theatrical collective decided to establish a concession and build a theater for themselves. In 1599 the building was ready, the theater was named "Globe", but 14 years later during the performance "Richard VIII" there was a fire - the building burned down. A faulty cannon and a thatched roof were the cause of the tragedy. Fortunately, no one died: only the culottes of one of the spectators were injured, which he happily poured with the ale he had taken for the performance.

The rebirth of the theater

The building has practically not survived, but a close-knit team of actors-owners decides to rebuild their brainchild. In 1614, the facades and interiors of the "burned-out theater" were completely restored, and the troupe played performances there until 1642, hiring additional actors on a salary. The Puritans in power did not like the fact that the theater was not only functioning, but also successful, the crowned heads favored it, and “disturbing minds” were staged on its stage. "Globus" was closed, after which it was dismantled, so that the construction of apartment buildings, bringing money to the treasury, began on the vacated place.

New "Globe"

The site, occupied by Shakespeare's theater until 1642, was eventually built up with houses, and there was almost no evidence of its location until 1989, when a group of archaeologists excavating on the banks of the Thames came across the remains of stonework. After a thorough study of the found fragments and documents, it was decided to recreate the theater building. The new Globus, erected a short distance from its predecessor, opened its doors to its first viewers in 1997.

The internal structure of Shakespeare's Globe Theater

The building of the theater was based on an eighteen-sided foundation, that is, it was not in the full sense of the Colosseum, although it repeated many elements of Roman theaters. At the entrance, spectators were greeted by a stone atlas holding a globe in their hands - scientists still cannot come to a consensus as to which was primary: the name of the theater or the sculpture. The ball was wrapped in a ribbon with the words "The whole world is theater".

The internal volume of the building was divided into 3 tiers, the oval stage was pushed to the center, the roof was absent. The placement of the spectators was planned as follows:

  • The top was occupied by galleries intended for officials, wealthy merchants and wealthy townspeople.
  • Beneath the galleries were steeply sloping lodges of the nobility
  • Seats for especially privileged spectators were equipped on the stage
  • The so-called people's court encircled the stage and was intended for "groundlings" - undemanding spectators who were ready to stand the whole performance for one penny.

Curiously, even among the "groundlings" there was an unspoken division into "estates": with the same price for a standing ticket, someone could sit on a stool.

Theatrical performances were always held in daylight, in one act and with a minimum of decorations.

Modern everyday life of Shakespeare's Globe Theater

The present theater "Globus" is recreated according to the historical model, therefore there is no roof in it, which influenced its work: performances are given in the warm season. For modern groundlings, 700 tickets are available at a cost of 5 £ per standing position, and a roof that covers the stage can accommodate seats for high-end ticket holders. What distinguishes the modern Globus from the prototype is its lighting equipment, roof sprinklers to protect against fires, and a large foyer area, because in winter, when the theater is closed, it hosts educational and cultural events.

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