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The system of education in Canada for foreign students

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The system of education in Canada for foreign students

After reading this article, you can get acquainted with the educational system of Canada, what is its structure. Thus, the most detailed information is presented regarding the requirements for admission to prestigious boarding schools and universities in Canada.

The largest, top and prestigious research institutions and ranking universities are established and successfully operated in Canada, which are popular among foreign students and entrants, as well as leading boarding schools. Speaking of Canada, it is difficult not to mention the highest level of education quality, while foreign students are studied in a comfortable and friendly environment. The effectiveness of teaching has long proved itself, since the level of qualification obtained by a graduate, which is highly valued in all countries of the world without exception, opens up endless and promising career opportunities.

Leading preschool education in Canada

A system of Canadian preschool education is characterized by a variety of methods that are used in teaching, which in turn is due to the individual approach to pre-school education in the territory of each individual region of Canada. For example, in Ontario, which covers virtually the entire central part of Canada, as well as in the province of New Brunswick, pre-school education is targeted at toddlers aged 3 to 5 years. Simultaneously, in the other provinces of Canada, the leading educational institutions practice kindergarten education lasting 1 year, aimed at children aged 5 to 6 years.

It is worth noting that a variety of pre-school educational establishments have been established on the territory of Canada, which differ in relation to their functional regime. So, preschool institutions can practice full-time and part-time. In particular, considering the territory of Ontario and British Columbia, a full-time regime is established in the leading preschool institutions. At the same time the majority of educational institutions practice universal service, which will be convenient for all without exception. In connection with what, parents of a foreign student can choose the most preferable format of education in an elite kindergarten in Canada.

In accordance with the part-time curriculum the child attends a prestigious preschool from 9 am to 12 pm, alternatively a visit is possible from 12.30 to 15.30. If you choose a full day, then the child spends time in the walls of an elite kindergarten for 6-8 hours. As for top private preschool institutions, the cost of education ranges from 350 CAD $ to 650 CAD $ per month, which is due to the type of educational program chosen. It is also worth noting that the parents of the child on an additional basis are forced to pay a one-time registration fee of 195 CAD $, with an annual fee of 300 CAD $. Speaking about state pre-school institutions, there is no charge for their attendance.

Special attention should be paid to the fact that the Government of Canada has developed a program of social support in the field of pre-school education, which is actively used. Thus, the development of this program allowed parents with low income to send their child to education not only in public but also private kindergartens through receiving subsidies and benefits allocated by local municipalities.

With regard to the primary education system in Canada, it has a variety of structures, due to the specific region and province. For example, where the borders of the province of Quebec end, education is established for 8 classes in primary school. While in Quebec itself, primary school education ends in sixth grade. It is also worth noting that teaching in the prestigious primary schools of Quebec is conducted in French, including this method extends to pre-school institutions. Please note that in accordance with the laws of Canada, the country has 2 official official languages, namely French and English, which are equally used.

Usually, after reaching the age of 6, the child enters the prestigious school. If we look at the province of Quebec, then, reaching the age of 12, the teenager ends up in elementary school. As for other provinces, their territory provides for education within the primary school until the student reaches 14 years of age. If the student is a resident of Canada, then he receives primary education free of charge. Thus, the main costs associated with the education of the child's parents are affected by the purchase of teaching materials and other supplies.

The following is a classification of ranking boarding schools in Canada, so they are divided:

  • Public
  • Private
  • Catholic
  • Ethnic
  • Home schooling.

As you might have guessed, when enrolling in a public school in Canada, a child is being educated free of charge, in addition, there are no requirements for wearing a school uniform. The main difference between Catholic schools and state schools is due to the requirement of wearing a uniform form, without paying tuition fees.

As for private schools, they usually set a tuition fee. However, many parents can not afford to send to study in a private boarding school in Canada because of the high cost. In addition, entering a private ranking institution, you must necessarily wear a uniform. Considering ethnic schools, they are educational institutions that were created specifically for ethnic minorities living in Canada. In connection with what, the teaching of the teaching material is carried out in a language that is used among minorities. Considering home schooling, the teaching is conducted at home, in relation to other parameters, this type of educational institutions coincides with public schools.

Canadian system of special (inclusive) education

It is worth noting that a separate system of special education was not developed in Canada. Considering the sphere of education, the rules of a unified society are established. If your child has special features in development, then he is studied in classes with ordinary students. According to Canadians, this situation has more advantages than disadvantages because students with developmental features are easier to improve in a standard school environment.

This situation extends to talented and gifted students. Thus, in Canada, specialized schools have not been established with respect to these students. However, you can find several elite private schools. As practice shows, usually gifted students study together with other students in ordinary schools in Canada. Considering educational institutions of special education, in them the teenager can receive knowledge in the vocational and technical sphere. Thus, these schools are considered and universally recognized as classical Canadian colleges.

Getting a prestigious secondary education in Canada

Education in Canada's leading middle school is a mandatory stage in obtaining full secondary education in Canada. If we talk about the provinces of Quebec and New Brunswick, then the education in secondary school lasts for 5 classes. In the rest of the provinces, you will need to study 4 classes in order to successfully complete your studies in high school. Thus, students between the ages of 12 and 17 and 14 to 18, respectively, are studied in Canada's high school. It is worth noting that in Ontario, the duration of education in the secondary school is 5 classes, with the graduates age at the end of education can reach 21-22 years. This situation is due to the fact that in the final educational stage secondary education is combined with vocational education, a similar situation is observed in Quebec. In connection with which, the duration of education increases by 2-3 years, respectively.

It is worth noting that the acquisition of prestigious secondary education in Canada is associated with the passing of exams within certain stages of education. As a rule, examinations are organized in April, May, June, August, November, and also in January. In the early years, testing was provided for students, who were studied in grade 12. But in connection with the educational reform in 2004, the situation has changed. Thus, in provinces of Canada, pupils of the 10th, 11th and 12th grades take exams without fail. The total number of exams is 5 exams, while the passing of 3 exams is provided in the 10th grade, and one test falls on 11 and 12 classes respectively. Below are the academic subjects that can enter the exams, namely:

  • English
  • French
  • Sociology
  • Social studies
  • Humanitarian sciences
  • Civil law
  • The stories of the British Columbia nations
  • History of the nations of Canada.

It is worth noting that the provinces of Canada developed and successfully operates the system of passing exams, which is understood as testing on the basis of GED, General Educational Development, which causes a group of 4 tests on one of the disciplines. Graduates of grades 10 and 11 are required to receive 20% of the final grade for the entire educational program, taking into account the test results. As for graduates of the final, 12th grade, they need to get 40% of the total assessment for the entire educational program in order to become holders of the Dogwood diploma.

Beginning of the school year in Canada

September marks the beginning of the academic year in the primary and secondary schools of Canada. While the academic year ends in June. Without taking into account the weekend, the duration of the curriculum is 190 calendar days. For 5 workers, students are studied, and the duration of the school day is 6 hours.

It is worth noting that among the provinces of Canada, there may be differences in educational programs, since they have the right to establish their own rules, while they are insignificant. In particular, in Quebec on June 24 is the last school day, while in other provinces of Canada, students complete their studies on the last Friday of June.

Higher education in Canada

Within the framework of Canada's higher education system, various universities and colleges with different reputations and ranktngs have been established and are successfully operating. After graduating from a top university, a graduate can be awarded a bachelor's, master's or doctoral degree, which is due to the level of completion of higher education. If a student is educated in a leading college in Canada, then they significantly improve their knowledge of secondary school to applied or professional level in a variety of areas. In many cases, colleges become an integral part of the university infrastructure. So, enrolling in some prestigious colleges in Canada, after graduation, you can get a bachelor's degree, after which you can be studied in the master's program.

Approximately TOP-100 universities in Canada have passed the procedure of official registration, which in turn open their doors to foreign applicants. As the statistics show, about 18 thousand students are studied in each of the prestigious universities in Canada. The graduates of the secondary school-boarding houses and colleges are presented with the widest choice of the offered educational programs. At the same time, pay attention to the fact that when choosing a specific educational program, it is necessary to ensure that the applicant's knowledge corresponds to a 65-85% level of the educational course.

Foreign students will not be left without support, as every elite university in Canada can seek help and support from professional student consultants, scientific associations, and public clubs. By means of such internal organizations, the learning of a foreign language is faster, and adaptation to the educational environment of Canada is also easier.

As for the average age of foreign applicants, it is 21 years. To get a bachelor's degree, you will need to complete the education for 3-4 years. It does not take into account the time that was spent on the preparation courses. As a rule, as practice shows, language courses are an integral part of the educational process of foreign applicants.

Until 2012, when foreign applicants entered Canada's ranking universities, the admissions committee only considered the results of the school test of GED and GPA, which in turn is the average score of the certificate. At present, there have been significant changes in the procedure for recruitment of applicants, namely, it is envisaged to conduct own testing of applicants in addition to taking into account the results of GED.

If compared with the US and other European countries, only Canada when enrolling foreign students accepts and recognizes the certificates of the secondary school of his country. You can imagine? Thus, the probability of successful enrollment in the leading university of Canada from a foreign student is high, do not miss the opportunity.

Below is a list of documents that need to be prepared for successful admission to the top university of Canada:

  • Secondary school certificate
  • International language certificate TOEFL, if you choose English
  • International language certificate DALF, if you choose French.

SMAPSE experts draw attention to the fact that having an international language certificate, a foreign entrant is required in any case to pass compulsory examinations in foreign languages. In addition, admissions offices of prestigious universities in Canada show a preference for those foreign applicants who know French and English at an excellent level.

How much does it cost to get a leading Canadian education?

The size of the final cost is formed on the basis of the educational material that must be mastered, the content of the educational program, the location of the university, and the degree of development of the university infrastructure. So, on average, the cost of studying for a bachelor's degree for 8 months, which corresponds to 1 academic year, is approximately 12,000 CAD $. However, in the case of comparison with education in the ranking universities of the United Kingdom, USA, New Zealand, Australia, it is in Canada that more than acceptable prices are set for the acquisition of quality higher education.

Below is a table with the cost of education for foreign applicants at the best universities in Canada in the case of a full-time department:

Province of Canada

The cost of the bachelor's program

The cost of the master's program

Newfoundland and Labrador

8,800 CAD $

1,900 CAD $ - 3,550 CAD $

Quebec City

10,000 CAD $ - 13,000 CAD $

9,000 CAD $ - 20,000 CAD $


7,000 CAD $ - 17,000 CAD $

5,700 CAD $ - 27,000 CAD $


8,000 CAD $ - 16,000 CAD $

5,500 CAD $ - 22,000 CAD $


5,600 CAD $ - 8,300 CAD $

4,200 CAD $ - 8,000 CAD $

British Columbia

9,300 CAD $ - 18,000 CAD $

2,600 CAD $ - 33,700 CAD $

New Brunswick

7,900 CAD $ - 13,000 CAD $

7,300 CAD $ - 9,500 CAD $

Canada's top universities are the most popular among foreign applicants:

  • McGill's English-speaking State Research University
  • University of Toronto

This university took the first line of the ranking in 2015. The history of the development and functioning of this prestigious university begins in 1821, thereby, it is impossible to deny an impeccable reputation earned over the years. As for the university structure, it includes several higher schools that teach in one of the specializations, and the Institute of Islamic Culture and Civilization.

This leading university belongs to the second line of the ranking. This university is a public research institution of higher education, in addition, received the status of a collegiate university. Speaking of its structure, it includes several colleges. The infrastructure of an elite university is really impressive in its scale, as it occupies the territory of 10 city quarters in Toronto. For a full-fledged mastering of the educational material for students, a huge and truly unique library operates, the area of which is 10 floors.

In conclusion, it should be added that in all countries, without exception, the diplomas received in the top universities of Canada are quoted and highly valued. So, in accordance with the ranking of the best universities prepared by QS agency, regarding the employment of graduates, the 4 leading universities in Canada belong to the highest rankings in the list of TOP-50 best universities from all over the world, in particular McGill University, Waterloo University, Toronto University, and also the University of British Columbia. In connection with which, a graduate without any obstacles will be able to find a promising job not only at home, but also in Canada.

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