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The Royal Alcázars of Seville: the oldest palace in Europe


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The Royal Alcázars of Seville: the oldest palace in Europe


In the modern world, filled with technologies and typical architectural structures, tourists often go in search of an opportunity to see and touch something unique, to feel a connection with a centuries-old culture that is not constrained by modern frames. This connection can be found in the heart of the Spanish city of Seville, where the Royal Alcazar is located - a magnificent palace dating back more than 8 centuries. In the buildings and atmosphere of the palace complex, the features of various eras and styles are clearly visible, since each part of it was built in its own time. Since the end of the XX century. The Royal Alcázars of Seville is protected by UNESCO.

The history of the construction of the Alcazar

The date of the appearance of the Alcazar is considered to be 1364, when the Castilian ruler Pedro I decided to build a palace on the territory of the collapsed Arab fortress, which had been here since the beginning of the 10th century. The palace was rebuilt and refined many times, but from its original appearance it has retained the enchanting elements of the Mudejar style, replete with magnificent ornaments, a wealth of interior decoration and interesting architectural solutions.

Mid-16th century became a significant time in the history of the Alcazar - the monarch of Spain Charles V held his wedding ceremony with Isabella of Portugal at the residence. During the reign of the crowned couple, Gothic chapels were completed, picturesque gardens were laid out and planted, and the Hunting Yard appeared. Since then, for more than 7 centuries, the fortress has been a favorite place in Seville among members of the royal house - the chambers on the upper floors are used as the official residence during the stay of the monarchs in the city.

Alcazar Palace (Seville) - Reales Alcázares de Sevilla - travel guide

Territory and interior decoration

In comparison with similar palace ensembles, the territory of the Alcazar is considered small, but its layout can still confuse an unprepared guest. A series of various courtyards and patios surrounded by several palaces, inside of which there are new courtyards, rooms and halls, and all this is surrounded by luxurious gardens on the outside.

You can spend many hours exploring all corners of the complex:

  • The Lion Gate is the first thing that visitors to the Alcazar see, before they were called the Hunting Gate. Made in the Almohad medieval style and faced with ceramic tiles from the 19th century.
  • Palace of Pedro I from the middle of the XIV century was the royal residence. The palace is decorated with tiles of the Mudejar style, framed by Italian columns, and plaster stucco moldings are used on the facades. Inside are the Maiden's Courtyard, the Hall of Ambassadors, many galleries and chambers.
  • Hall of Justice - where the main court hearings were held and councilors sat, previously it was called the “Council Hall”.
  • The hunting courtyard got its name in honor of the favorite leisure of the Spanish nobility, but the square was often used as a place of execution of judges convicted of bribes, whose heads were hung out in the Hall of Justice after execution.
  • The Alcazar Gardens are a whole series of gardens, parks and exquisitely landscaped corners, laid out in all the canons of medieval park art, a favorite place for artists and photographers. Here you will be greeted by imposing peacocks, and from the heat you can hide in the dense shade of orange trees.
  • The Gothic palace was erected in the 50s of the XIII century by the decision of Monarch Alfonso X, after several reconstructions, it acquired clear features of the Baroque style.

Interesting Facts

  • The territory of the palace complex is often rented by film studios: the shooting of the popular series "Game of Thrones" was carried out here, picturesque landscapes from the gardens of the Alcazar were captured in the frame.
  • The Spanish king Pedro I, under whom the castle began the path of development and prosperity, received the popular nickname "Cruel". Such he was not only with the enemies of his country, but also with those closest to him - he sentenced his brother and wife to death.
  • Fernand Magellan and Christopher Columbus once visited the Hall of Audiences in the Alcazar of Seville, and of course, every representative of the royal house of Spain paid a visit to the luxurious palace of his cruel ancestor.

The object belongs to the palace complexes.

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