The nature of our planet is amazing and diverse: mighty forests, vast deserts and many bodies of water will impress every traveler with their beauty. Of particular interest are lakes where the water is pink or red - of course, when this is a natural phenomenon, and not the result of industrial pollution or unusual chemical composition. The water in the lake takes on an unusually beautiful color thanks to organic pigments produced by algae, such as Dunaliella salina. In which countries of the world can you admire an amazing natural phenomenon?
The largest island of the Recherche archipelago, Middle Island, located in Western Australia, is famous for the fact that in 1812 the unusually beautiful pink Hillier Lake was discovered there. The reservoir is surrounded by eucalyptus and tea trees that form a dense forest. The length of the lake reaches 600 meters, and white salt deposits can be seen along its edges. Hillier is separated from the Southern Ocean by densely vegetated sand dunes. It is interesting that lake water does not change its color, even if it is collected in any container.
Hillier isn't Western Australia's only pink lake. Not far from the coast, north of the mouth of the Hutt River, is another natural wonder - Lake Hutt Lagoon, whose waters tend to change their color. The lake owes its color to microalgae, which produce the red-orange pigment beta-carotene, which is widely used to color medicines and food. Hutt Lagoon is the largest commercial area for Dunaliella salina. The total area of artificial reservoirs in which microalgae are bred is 250 hectares.
Lake Masazir is located in the Karadag region near the capital of Azerbaijan - Baku. It is best to admire the reservoir at sunrise or sunset, as with the first and last rays of the sun, Masazir takes on a rich bright pink hue, creating a fantastic atmosphere. The lake has a very high salt concentration; flora and fauna are practically absent here. It has been established that the restored salt volume is 1735 million tons. Salt mining on an industrial scale has been carried out here since 1983. The total area of the reservoir is 10 km 2 .
The extraordinary beauty of the natural landscapes of the national reserve of Bolivia is decorated with the amazing mineral lake Laguna Colorada. The reservoir is surrounded by boiling geysers and picturesque cliffs. The local landscapes look impressive and create an incredible sense of a completely different reality. Travelers who have visited the reserve can admire not only the pristine nature, but also see beautiful pink birds - James' flamingos, Which live in this area in large numbers. And if the tourists are lucky, then you can also meet the Chilean or Andean flamingos.
The salt lakes Torrevieja and Mata surround the seaside town of Torrevieja, located in southeastern Spain. The microclimate created by these reservoirs is very favorable for the human body. Here, as in the Dead Sea, there is a huge salt content that will allow you to simply lie on the surface of the water. Swimming in the lake will be of great benefit for the treatment and prevention of lung and skin diseases. In spring and summer, the water in Torrevieja is very bright, almost crimson, while in winter it turns pale pink. You can admire beautiful birds by the reservoir. Thanks to its salt lakes, Torrevieja is the largest European producer and exporter of table salt.
Dusty rose lake
A little-known but unique in nature pink lake is located in Canada. First, the water in the reservoir is not salty at all. Secondly, there are absolutely no algae in the lake that produce organic pigments that color the water. Third, the pond acquires its color thanks to the unique combination of British Columbia rocks.
Africa surprises! The pink Lake Magadi, fed by hot underground springs and formed among volcanic rifts, is worth seeing with your own eyes. The high water temperature, reaching 86C °, makes the reservoir unsuitable for many representatives of the fauna. However, the Magadi have chosen tilapias, and the salt lake islands serve as nesting grounds for pelicans, flamingos and herons. The salt mounds surrounding the pond provide excellent protection from predators, which makes the conditions for breeding birds favorable.
Exotic Senegal attracts travelers from all over the world! Here you can surf, see the wild African nature and enjoy the amazing colors of Lake Retba (Lac Rose), whose waters change color from lilac to coral depending on the season. During a drought, the reservoir has the brightest hue, and in rainy weather, its color fades. The area of the lake is 3 km 2 and the maximum depth is 3 meters. At the same time, the salinity of the reservoir, reaching 40%, makes it possible to actively extract salt.
Russia is famous not only for its impenetrable Siberian forests and freshwater Lake Baikal. Here you can see another natural wonder - Koyashskoye Lake, which has a pink tint due to 2 factors:
- Dunaliella salina algae, which during flowering (April-June) produces beta-carotene, which turns water and salt crystals pink, almost red. During this period, the lake smells pleasantly of violets.
- Colonies of brine shrimp, like Dunaliella salina, affect the color of the reservoir. They could not have done it alone, but a good "neighborhood" improves the shade of the lake and sometimes it happens at the most unexpected time (for example, in August).
The color of the reservoir can change several times a year depending on the season. During the dry season, travelers can see how the surface of the lake is covered with a thin layer of salt. The reservoir, which reaches 4 km in length and 2 km in width, has a depth of no more than 1 m. The silt deposits of the lake are medicinal.
Raspberry Lake in the Altai Territory is included in the Golden Tourist Ring. The pond changes color depending on weather conditions and the time of year. In autumn, the water acquires a dull brown color, in winter - pale pink, in summer - deep pink, and in hot sunny weather the lake becomes dark crimson, almost burgundy. The pond acquires a particularly bright color in spring. The lake is 6 km long and 2 km wide.