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2022-02-12 14:25:31

TOP-5 ancient buildings that amaze tourists even now

TOP-5 ancient buildings that amaze tourists even now

It is known that humanity has existed on earth for more than 200 thousand years. During this time, many discoveries were made, an incredible number of inventions were born. The architecture of the countries of the world and cities inspires tourists to new adventures. But there are those buildings, the history and age of which simply does not fit in the head of a simple man in the street!

Baalbek

Of incredible beauty and size, the ancient Greek city of Baalbek has survived to this day in a ruined state. But the picture that appears before tourists is breathtaking. Ancient Greek Heliopolis is considered one of the most famous cities of that time: the first mention of the city dates back to 332 BC, during the conquests of Alexander the Great.

The city has not only preserved its outlines, but also the atmosphere. The surviving ruins of the buildings delight the minds. Baalbek is famous in the modern world not only for its history, but also for its architecture. It is worth paying attention to the foundations of the surviving temples and the scale of one of the main ones - the temple of Jupiter: an incredible building of gigantic proportions makes the hearts of tourists freeze. And historians around the world are still trying to solve the mystery of how ancient people used megaliths weighing about 1,000 tons and measuring more than 21 meters in length in construction.

Sacsayhuaman

According to historical records, around 1200 AD, the Inca people came to the Cusco Valley and founded their capital here. It was in the valley that Sacsayhuaman (Ketch. Saksaywaman). This is an amazing temple-fortress monumental complex, it served the ancient people and the military and religious center of the empire.

The construction of the complex is arranged in such a way that the citadel is protected by three rows of walls. The fortress is located on a high hill, at the very border of the eponymous city of Cusco. Unfortunately, only a small part of Sacsayhuaman has survived to this day. Many years later, starting in 1536, the walls were dismantled for construction by the Spanish conquistadors, who seized these lands.

There is a legend that the construction of modern Cusco began precisely under the Incas at the foot of Mount Sacsayhuaman. The grandiose architectural ensemble was erected by the founder of the Inca state, the "son of the Sun and the Moon" - Manco Capac (c.1200-1230).

Borobudur

Deep in the forests of the jungles of the island of Java (Indonesia) keeps the secrets of the oldest unusually unique structure - the temple of Borobudur. The majestic complex is considered a real stone encyclopedia of Buddhism and covers an area of 1.5 hectares.

The very name of the temple "Borobudur" comes from the Sanskrit "vihara Burra Ur" - "Buddhist temple on the mountain". On the Internet, you can also find the name "Temple of a Thousand Buddhas". True, according to historians, there are only 504 statues in the temple.

According to one of the legends, it was under the temple that Buddha Shakyamuni was buried. According to another legend, the temple is Mount Meru, which is considered the center of the universe. To date, scientists around the world can not accurately determine the period of construction of the temple, but there are official assumptions that the ancient structure was erected around the VII-IX centuries.

Borobudur is built in such a way that it resembles a huge stupa in the form of a mandala, which is a scheme of the universe in accordance with Buddhist ideas. On the upper tier there are 72 small stupas in the form of a bell, surrounding one large (central). Inside the stupas there are statues of Buddha and 1460 bas-reliefs on religious subjects.

Pont du Gard

The Pont du Gard is an ancient Roman bridge of incredible beauty and power. It is considered one of the highest among the aqueducts that have survived to this day.

The name of the majestic bridge was given in honor of the river (Gard) that it crosses. Today, the name of the water body has been changed - the Gardon River, which flows in the vicinity of the city of Nîmes in the French region of Languedoc-Roussillon.

The peculiarity of the aqueduct is in its size. The height of the Pont du Gard is 47 meters, and the length is 275. It was built by the Romans in the I century AD to supply the city with water that came directly from a natural source. The aqueduct is only a small part of the main 50-kilometer water supply system. It is noteworthy that the system worked without a single pump, thanks to simple mathematical calculations! The water pipeline gradually descended to the city, which allowed water to flow uninterruptedly through it under the influence of gravity.

Aqueduct in Segovia

Another creation of the ancient Romans is the aqueduct in Segovia. It is considered the longest water pipe among those that have survived to this day. Its length is about 18 km, and its height is about 28 meters. Due to the noticeable difference in heights along the entire length of the structure, the spans of the bridge consist of arches of different designs.

The approximate date of the foundation of the aqueduct in Segovia is also attributed to the I century AD (approximately the 50th year). It was built to transport water to Segovia from the River Fuenteria. Entering the city, the water was distributed through the canals to the wells.

Interestingly, the arches of the aqueduct are made of stone blocks (there are 20,400 of them in total), and they are held without any fastening material. The accuracy of the engineering calculations helped to arrange the blocks so that they hold themselves under the weight of their own weight.

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Egor Eremeev
Current material has been prepared by Egor Eremeev
Education: Westminster University (Business & Management), London.
Egor studied and lived in the UK for 8 years and graduated from the university of Westminster. He is currently the co-founder and the director of business development at Smapse Education and personally visits foreign schools and universities, interviews students studying in those institutions.
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