Tampa is a thriving coastal city in Florida and a center for commerce, tourism and education. The high level of economic development and ideal living conditions have made the city a dream for many foreigners who seek to get to Tampa - to spend a vacation or stay to live.
History of the city
The word " Tampa " is of Native American origin, but its meaning has been lost. Some researchers believe that the name of the city comes from the Kaluza tribe and translates it as " Fire sticks ". Scientists suggest that Native Americans called lightning with fire sticks - a very common occurrence during storms in the bay.
It is believed that the first Europeans to visit Tampa were the Spanish conquistadors in 1528. In 1821, the United States acquired Tampa from Spain: thereby, the government sought to eliminate the refuge of slaves who fled here from the southern states, and to reduce the attacks of the Indians.
In 1849, Tampa was a village of 200 people. Population growth and development of the city were hampered by marshes with mosquitoes that spread yellow fever. The fishing village had no industry and no roads; it was isolated from other cities. The situation began to change since the 1880s, when phosphate was found in the city and a railway was built.
Tampa is still a major phosphate producer. The American industrialist Vicente Martinez Ibor opened a cigar factory in Tampa, followed by other manufacturers. Other industries gradually began to develop. Tampa became the "cigar capital" and one of the largest cities in the United States by the 1900s.
The ethnic composition of the city is heterogeneous: descendants of immigrants from Europe make up about 50% of the population, the remaining 50% are African Americans, Hispanics, Asians and Indians.
Location and climate
The city is located in the west of the central part of the Florida Peninsula, on the shores of a large bay. The metropolitan area includes three large cities: Tampa , Clearwater and St. Petersburg , as well as several dozen small towns. Nearest major cities:
- Miami = 330 km
- Orlando = 160 km
- Jacksonville = 260 km
- Atlanta = 670 km.
Tampa has a subtropical climate with hot summers, plenty of rain and dry winters with an average temperature of + 21C. The city has a well-developed infrastructure: there is an international airport, railway and transport links. In addition, there are airports in neighboring cities - Orlando and Miami. Tampa is home to Florida's largest port and is often home to luxury cruise ships and yachts.
Tampa - the tourist center of the country
Tourists from all over the world come to Florida and Tampa. There are excellent conditions for recreation for every taste: mild climate and golden beaches, many interesting sights and picturesque places. The city ranks third in the United States for the quality of active life.
Let's stop at the sights of the city:
- One of the longest cable-stayed bridges in the world connects the cities of Tampa and St. Petersburg. The 6.6 km long Sunshine Skyway Bridge across the bay is not only an engineering miracle, but also one of the city's landmarks.
- The largest university in the state, the University of South Florida, is located in Tampa, with about 45,000 students.
- The old district of Ibbor City sheds light on the historical past of the city: the Latin American diaspora used to be concentrated here. Trams with a 50-year history run in the area, shops, the Cigar Museum and the area history museum are located.
- The Gasparilla Pirate Festival is one of the brightest events in the city. A spectacular event begins on the streets with the invasion of the pirate Gaspard and the parade. It is usually held at the end of January, with about 40,000 spectators participating in Gasparil.
- Top attractions in Tampa include a theme park with attractions and animals in Africa - Busch Gardens Tampa Bay , an aquarium with a glass facade and 20,000 ocean inhabitants, a city zoo .