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London: everything about the city, places, people, food, travel


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London: everything about the city, places, people, food, travel


London is a favorite stop for tourists, a city with a stunning history, once separated from the world by an island position, but today it has united and absorbed the influence of dozens of nations living in it. This is a must-see destination for a European vacation and a separate travel destination. People are drawn to museums, history, landmarks, theaters, pubs, traditions and more.

London climate, geography

The weather in the capital of Great Britain constantly changes during the day, temperatures rarely reach extreme levels, rain, sun, clouds replace each other several times in one day. It rains frequently throughout the year - carry an umbrella or raincoat, but more often it’s just a drizzle that will not force real Londoners to change their plans.

London has moderate temperatures all year round, with temperatures ranging from 0 ° C to 8 ° C during the winter months (December to March), temperatures below freezing are unusual. Summers are usually warm, sometimes hot; the sunniest months are July and August, with an average temperature of 17 ° C, with frequent precipitation in summer.

What to see in London

  • Big Ben and the House of Parliament - Explore this Gothic structure (you cannot climb the tower), take a guided tour of the Parliament (come early and book your tickets online). Guided tours of Parliament cost £ 25.5.
  • Tower of London and Tower Bridge - the tower, built in 1070 by William the Conqueror, has been expanded many times over the years, weapons and armor were made here, all coins were minted until 1810. The famous crown jewels are now kept here. Changing of the guard in the Tower of London takes place daily at 21:30 and is free to watch. Visit price (entrance) - £ 25.
  • Buckingham Palace is open to the public only in summer: from May to late July, you can join the crowd and watch the changing of the guard at 11:30. The entrance to the palace is expensive - £ 49, and a visit to the state rooms - £ 26.5.
  • Westminster Abbey houses the tombs of 17 monarchs from the time of Henry III. Other famous people are buried here: Charles Darwin, Sir Isaac Newton, Afra Ben and Charles Dickens. The ticket costs £ 21 if you buy online, £ 23 on site (but you can visit it for free if you come during service).
  • Trafalgar Square - many fountains, Nelson's Column (a five-meter statue built in honor of Admiral Nelson after the victory in the Battle of Trafalgar in 1805). A lot of people just hang out here: it's a good place to relax while walking, having a snack.
  • An integral part of English history, the Globe Theater is a must-see for Shakespeare lovers. The performances here are the ideal of the staging practice of the Elizabethan era. You can sit in front where the peasants sat, but remember that this is an open-air theater, so keep warm in winter. Tickets - £ 7.
  • London brings together more museums than can be seen in a single visit, many of which are free. From the Tate to the City Museum , the National Gallery - oh, you can spend weeks here! The Natural History Museum offers over 80 million items, including specimens collected by Charles Darwin and an excellent collection of fossils, the Victoria and Albert Museum holds over 2,000 pieces of art spanning 3,000 years of human history.
  • The London Eye is a 500 feet high Ferris wheel, the UK's most popular paid attraction. Situated across the street from Parliament, the attraction offers great views of London, especially on a clear day. Price - £ 27.
  • The London Dungeon reveals 2,000 years of London's gruesome history and is a disgusting (in a good way) but interesting museum if you're interested in the popular torture methods of Old England. Price - £ 24.
  • St. Paul's Cathedral is a striking cathedral with a world famous dome, sparkling mosaics, exquisite stone carvings. You can also climb the Whispering Gallery, Stone Gallery, Golden Gallery for panoramic views of the surrounding London. Entrance fee £ 24 (when buying online).
  • The Royal Observatory is divided into two parts. In the courtyard of the meridians, you can stand on either side of the meridian line that crosses the two hemispheres of the Earth, and here is the Peter Harrison Planetarium . Price - £ 24.
  • You can get away from the hustle and bustle of the city for a short walk to Hyde Park or Kensington Gardens . Hyde Park is London's most famous park: Henry VII's original private hunting grounds were opened to the public in 1637. It is a great place for a walk and picnic. Kensington Gardens covers almost 1 square kilometer.

Shopping in London

Camden Market brings together over 1000 shops, kiosks, cafes, restaurants, bars, street musicians. It is extremely popular and busiest on weekends, especially on Sundays, drawing crowds from Camden Town. Camden Market is actually made up of many separate markets, so you can literally wander here for hours.

List of the best places to shop in London

  1. Oxford Street: designer clothes
  2. Bond Street: Popular with celebrity shopping
  3. Regent Street and Jermyn Street: the oldest shops in the city
  4. Knightsbridge: the most fashionable things
  5. Notting Hill: for boho chic lovers
  6. Royal Road: antiques and chic dresses
  7. Covent Garden Market: unique souvenirs
  8. Carnaby Street: the place where the fashion revolution began
  9. London Markets: Eating and Shopping for Local Specialties
  10. Savile Row: vintage style
  11. Selfridges: Shop windows and soak up the vibe
  12. Fashion shops in Harrods
  13. Sloane Street: all on the same street
  14. Saint James: Elite Fashion
  15. Mayfair: for exclusive purchases.

Cuisine in London

Take a walk down Brick Lane - on Sundays, this street and car park is a great place to eat. Wide variety of food on the open market, excellent local curry is a popular spot with locals. Brick Lane is a photography favorite and a gallery of London's finest graffiti artists.

There are more grocery stalls in Borough Market than you might imagine! Some of the finest British and international dishes are prepared here. The market is open for lunch on Mondays and Tuesdays, all day from Wednesday to Saturday, closed on Sundays. There is an awful crowd here on Saturdays, but if this is the only day you can get here, do it!

Have a beer at Ye Olde Cheshire Cheese - this old pub has been around since the great fire of 1666 (the pub had been operating on this site since 1538 before the fire). It is surprisingly large inside; in winter, the fireplace keeps the visitors warm. Famous literary geniuses - Charles Dickens, RL Stevenson, Mark Twain, Oliver Goldsmith, and others - often visited the pub and wrote about it.

If you want to taste authentic British cuisine, don't miss these dishes on the menu:

  • English Breakfast - There is no better place for an English breakfast than England! This traditional full English breakfast dates back to the 1300s: scrambled eggs, fried bacon (classic blood sausage), sausages, beans, toast, mushrooms.
  • Fish and chips, fish and chips have been a British favorite for over 150 years, which remains one of the most British dishes on any restaurant menu. Some attribute the invention of the dish to natives of northern England named John Lees, others to Joseph Malin, a Jewish immigrant from East London. This dish has become a popular take-away meal, loved all over Britain.
  • Meat (or shepherd's) pie is strongly associated with the British Isles. They were created as an economical (and tasty) way to store and preserve meat.
  • Sunday roast is another tradition in the British Isles. Sunday Roast is an incredibly filling dish that is almost always eaten on Sundays. Standard ingredients: Roast, filling, fried potatoes, Yorkshire pudding (savory dough), fried vegetables, gravy. This dish was ranked second in a poll of what the British themselves love most in the UK.
  • Chicken Tikka Masala - Deliciously delicious Indian curry is considered a national dish and is very popular. Many stories are told about its origins, but the roots of the dish go back to the culinary culture of Punjab (North India, East Pakistan).
  • Afternoon tea became a phenomenon in the mid-1800s thanks to the seventh Duchess of Bedford, Anne. Between lunch and dinner, she left a long period of time - with tea, sandwich, cake. The tradition has taken root among the upper classes of society and has become a favorite of the British for many years.
  • Gin and tonic is a cocktail with historical roots. Gin was feverishly imported from Holland by many of the 18th century upper classes, while the tonic was a legacy of 19th century British colonialism.

Mobile communications in London

There are only four mobile operators in the UK, but there are a few mobile virtual network operators or MVNOs that do not have their own network space.

Big four:

  • EE
  • O2
  • Three
  • Vodafone.

Transport in London

London has one of the world's largest urban transport networks with integrated bus, river and road systems covering 32 districts of the capital.

  • The London Underground network is a great way to reach central London and the surrounding area.
  • The pioneering London Docklands Driverless Light Rail (DLR) service serves parts of East and South East London.
  • River cruising is a great way to get around London, overcome traffic jams and enjoy fantastic views from the water along the way.
  • Commuter trains are a great way to travel around the city and beyond.
  • London trams run in South London between Wimbledon, Croydon, Beckenham, New Addington.
  • London's public bike circuit is a great way to get around the city (the first half hour of the rental is usually free).
  • From London's iconic black cabs to local mini-taxis, it's worth getting around London in a taxi at least once, even if it's expensive!
  • Ride the Emirates Air Line cable car for views of Greenwich and East London, including the O2, Cutty Sark, and Queen Elizabeth Olympic Park.
Current material has been prepared by Egor Eremeev
Education: Kuban State University, Russia (World Economics); Westminster University (Business & Management).
Egor studied and lived in the UK for 8 years and graduated from the university of Westminster. He is currently the co-founder and the director of business development at Smapse Education and personally visits foreign schools and universities, interviews students studying in those institutions.
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