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2022-04-01 01:57:24

How does Brazil created a very successful school – without teachers and homework?

How does Brazil created a very successful school – without teachers and homework?

Are there any schools these days where there is no homework or teacher? Ricardo Semler, a Brazilian businessman, has created an innovative school where graduates get the highest scores in exams, and the life of students is full of discoveries and joyful moments.

Lumiar

The first school without teachers and without dividing children into classes opened in 2003. Such a system has become a novelty both for Brazil itself and for the rest of the world. 

The idea of opening such a school ricardo Semler came to mind after 20 years of leadership in one of the large family companies - Semco. He tested the system of self-government on employees, which showed good results and had a positive impact on the revenues of the entire company. Based on his success at Semco, Semler decided to try a similar approach in parenting.

Learning at Lumiar is primarily based not only on personal responsibility, but also on collective responsibility. The student receives knowledge in the process of passing the practice, partially or completely connected with real life.

The school has established a system of self-government. There is no director and his deputies, the right to manage the educational institution is granted to students and parents. Approximately once every 7 days, everyone who wants to discuss school issues gathers for a meeting where the events of the past week and the improvement of the rules of conduct are discussed. On the one hand, it may seem like adults and children are playing school – but this is a real practice, life: children learn completely from their mistakes and the experiences they gain on a daily basis. To the point that children are allowed to fight! Due to the availability of information, children themselves realize that fights are a bad decision and wrong behavior.

Tutor and master

When creating the school of the future, Semler came to one of the fundamental conclusions – the teaching profession is fading into the background. Today, modern children can find any information on the network. Based on this information, two types of mentors were created at the school: a tutor and a master.

  1. The tutor is responsible for caring for the child. He is interested in the mood of the child, his affairs at home and at school, his worries and problems that concern him. The tutor helps to find solutions to problems and answer exciting questions.
  2. The master is responsible for the knowledge of the child and for his practice, oversees the work on the school project. Most often, the masters do not have a degree and do not have a professional education - the main condition of the Lumiar school is knowledge and love for their work. The first masters in the school were pensioners with extensive experience behind them and wisdom, as well as free time for classes.

No classes and no homework

Lumiar really doesn't have classes in the way we're used to. There's a different policy here, which is to divide themselves into groups of different ages. More often than not, students are grouped together in small interest groups. Children of different ages can work together on one big project and share knowledge with each other. Each child works on a project to the best of their ability.  Due to this approach to separation, there are no gangs of hooligans in the school, which are formed in ordinary schools. 

The very space of the school is built in such a way that students themselves can choose for themselves the ideal place to gain knowledge. There is a separate open area, a large library and a hall with modern appliances. The student can manage his own time. Classes can take place in the classroom at the desk, on the floor or in the fresh air on the grass. Also, students are allowed to make changes to the environment: plant a tree or flowers, build a new gazebo for classes. Another feature is the movable walls in the building. Students are allowed to decide for themselves whether they want to sit in a large and spacious classroom or in a smaller and cozier room – thanks to the rearrangement of the walls.

In Lumiar, there is no homework as a mandatory component of the educational process. This is where opportunities open up for children. The child himself can decide how he will participate in the collective project: to study the theory, watch a film on the topic, conduct a survey or arrange a project at home.

School projects last about two months. Students themselves think over the learning process and decide what will be more interesting to them. One of the interesting projects that students are engaged in is Zen Kitchen. Some Lumiar students have found their interest in cooking and mindfulness practices. According to this project, the children came to the conclusion that the process of cooking various dishes is an excellent preparation of their own awareness and the ability to live for today. Students will learn the features of products, their useful properties and the production process.

Integrated assessment

There are no forms of knowledge control in the school, such as exams, tests or tests. On the basis of the school, a special software Digital Mosaic was created: this is a specialized digital platform where the success of students is displayed. Thanks to it, masters and tutors can find out what information the student has learned well, and which needs to be tightened. Thus, a comprehensive assessment of the student's knowledge is carried out and further assistance in his development is planned.

Despite the peculiarity of obtaining knowledge at school, on an unusual approach to the upbringing of children, Lumiar is based on the norms of the educational system of Brazil. Upon graduation, students can take state exams for admission to universities. As practice shows, every year school graduates receive an average of 91 out of 100 points in exams. 

Lumiar is first and foremost a school of life. Here, students receive not only knowledge in the educational sphere, but also learn to realize the meaning of life, to love. The educational methodology of the Lumiar school is recognized as an innovative pedagogical solution in the world, and it is extremely successful.

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Egor Eremeev
Current material has been prepared by Egor Eremeev
Education: Westminster University (Business & Management), London.
Egor studied and lived in the UK for 8 years and graduated from the university of Westminster. He is currently the co-founder and the director of business development at Smapse Education and personally visits foreign schools and universities, interviews students studying in those institutions.
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