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2020-08-21 12:12:24

Arc de Triomphe - a majestic monument on Charles de Gaulle square

Arc de Triomphe - a majestic monument on Charles de Gaulle square

Everyone would like to be able to perpetuate their victories. Napoleon is no exception: after the Battle of Austerlitz, he decided to erect a monument announcing to his descendants about his strategic talent, victories and conquests. It is difficult to say whether everyone knows about the history of the Arc de Triomphe, but one thing is known: the building has become a real symbol of Paris, without which the city is difficult to imagine. The neoclassical monument rises above the historical part of the city. There is a similarity of the Arch in many cities, but only the original building has such grandeur, to see which tourists from all over the world come to see.

Napoleon's plan

Researchers in the diaries of Napoleon and his inner circle argue that the first idea to perpetuate the merits of the "Great Army" came to the commander in 1805, and Napoleon began to implement it a year later, in 1806. The project of the building was entrusted to the architect Chalgren. Preparation of the foundation lasted 2 years, then the construction of the above-ground level of the structure began. In 1811, the architect dies without completing the project: at that time, only 5 meters remained until the completion of the tower. The author of the idea, Napoleon, dies next.

The building was completed under the direction of Emperor Louis-Philippe and architect Abel Bluet in 1836. In total, the construction took 30 years.

Architectural features of the Arc de Triomphe

  • Dimensions of the structure: height - 50 meters, width - 45 meters, vault height - 30 meters
  • In the corners, there are bas-reliefs designed by Jean-Jacques Pradier: the bas-reliefs depict women blowing fanfare - a symbol of glory
  • The monument is decorated with four groups of sculptures reflecting key moments in the history of France in the early 19th century
  • The walls of the arch are decorated with engravings: the names of 660 military leaders and the names of the battles in which the French won
  • In honor of 100 days of the reign of Napoleon I, 100 granite pedestals were installed around the arch.

Tourist notes

  • Inside the arch is a museum dedicated to the history of the building
  • You can get to the attraction by metro or bus
  • The best way to get to the Arc de Triomphe is by underground passages: Charles de Gaulle square is the place of the largest Parisian traffic jams, active traffic does not stop even at night.

Interesting Facts

  • The name was not chosen by chance: the square on which the arch is located is located on the "Triumphal Way". The Triumphal Route is a road founded by Louis XIV that connects the Louvre and Étoile.
  • In 1810, Marie-Louise, the newly crowned empress, planned to enter Paris along the Champs Elysees and proceed under the arch. Since only the foundation was ready, the workers hastily erected a kind of arch from the planks, under which the Empress rode.
  • In 1840, 4 years after the completion of construction, the cortege with Napoleon's body passed under the Arc de Triomphe.

The object belongs to monuments.

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Egor Eremeev
Current material has been prepared by Egor Eremeev
Education: Westminster University (Business & Management), London.
Egor studied and lived in the UK for 8 years and graduated from the university of Westminster. He is currently the co-founder and the director of business development at Smapse Education and personally visits foreign schools and universities, interviews students studying in those institutions.
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