Switzerland is a small and quite expensive country for travel, about which a stable image has developed: luxury quality of things, impeccable service, accuracy of chronometers, skilled chocolatiers, alpine slopes and pastoral pictures with grazing cows. But tourists to this country, which escaped ruin during the Second World War, are attracted primarily by perfectly preserved historical monuments, national parks with unique flora and fauna, a chain of picturesque lakes, the opportunity to lead an active lifestyle in good environmental conditions. A list of 10 tourist destinations in Switzerland will help you get an impression of the attractiveness of this European country.
On the border of Switzerland and France, there is a lake, the second largest in Europe and probably the first in beauty. Like other bodies of water in the Alpine region, it has a glacial origin and an extraordinary purity of cool and clear water. The unique combination of subtropical and alpine zones creates an excellent healing microclimate, and the developed infrastructure of many lovely coastal cities and fashionable resorts will make a trip on Lake Geneva comfortable and memorable. Recommended places to visit on the Swiss coast of the lake:
- Geneva and the famous Jet d'eau fountain, which springs to a height of almost 150 m directly from the waters of the lake
- Lausanne and natural terraces with vineyards in its surroundings
- Montreux is the venue for the annual iconic jazz festival
- Nyon - a rock festival in this small town annually gathers over 200 thousand music lovers.
Cathedral of Grossmünster in Zurich
The majestic temple structure in the Old City is associated with the era of Protestant reformism, but its construction began long before that. According to one of the legends, the foundation of the cathedral began in the 9th century on the site of the family church of the Carolingian dynasty. According to another, Saints Felix and Regula were buried here, and the horse of Charlemagne, who had come to honor the patrons of Zurich, stumbled at the entrance to their graves. This event was recognized as a sign from above. Whether it’s true or not, but now in the heart of the city stands a perfectly preserved ancient temple with 2 twin towers, on which a panoramic platform is equipped. In addition to getting acquainted with the architecture and history of the ancient building, you can enjoy organ music here.
The Gornergrat railway in the canton of Valais
Probably, this is one of the shortest railway lines, but the beauty of the terrain through which the trains pass, as well as the unusual design of it more than compensate for the lack of mileage. A cogwheel track constructed according to the Abta system connects the resort commune in the Zermatt valley on the border of Switzerland and Italy and the Gornergrat mountain peak.
Due to its location, this picturesque natural reservoir is also called Lucerne and the lake for 4 cantons - indeed, here, back in 1291, the authorities of the scattered regions sealed their union with an oath and laid the foundation for the formation of a confederation. The lake can rightfully be called one of the most popular holiday destinations in the country, not only because of its beauty: the almost absolute transparency and purity of water, which is equated with drinking water, adds to its fame. For the convenience of moving around the area of Lake Fervaldstaet, a network of cable cars and cogwheels has been created, and low-speed navigation has been developed.
Rhine Falls in the canton of Schaffhausen
The largest waterfall in Europe, not located in the mountains, becomes especially powerful during the snowmelt. The favorable location of the observation decks makes visiting this natural attraction especially memorable: one of the observation zones is located directly in the center of the water streams; tourists are brought to it by special boats from the pier at the Wörth castle complex located slightly downstream. Another castle is located on a hill on the opposite bank, on its territory there are restaurants and numerous shops.
One of the main cities of the country belongs to the category of global, that is, it influences the political and financial life of various regions and outside its country. In terms of the number of headquarters of international organizations and banks, Zurich is among the top European cities; according to research in 2019, it was ranked second in the world ranking in terms of quality of life and 4th in terms of high cost. Historically, Zurich is of quite great interest; in the territory of its Old Town there are many old buildings of excellent preservation. The most significant attractions include:
- Grosmünster Cathedral
- Fraumünster Cathedral
- the Church of St. Peter and the clock installed on it with the largest dial in Europe
- Lake Zurich embankment.
Chillon Castle in Montreux
The Swiss Riviera is rich in relaxing places, but there are some really interesting sights to explore in its open spaces, among which the Chillon Castle is a real gem. Thousands of tourists from all over the world come to the shores of Lake Geneva to see this masterpiece of fortification art. Fireplaces, pompous chandeliers on painted ceilings, artifacts from the heraldic and knightly halls, carefully selected samples of pewter tableware sets and wall tapestries in the interior of the fortress make up a significant part of the country's museum fund.
Great Aletsch Glacier in the Wallis canton
The southern slope of the Bernese part of the Alps, in addition to its mesmerizing beauty, is famous for one important natural attraction, taken under the protection of UNESCO - a 24-kilometer glacier, which has paved a canyon so strange in configuration that it is difficult to believe in its miraculous origin. The volume of the glacier itself, together with firn basins, is about 120 square meters. km.
The Dying Lion in Lucerne
For more than 200 years, "the most tragic stone in the world", according to Mark Twain, has caused a special thrill and excitement in the souls of people looking at it. The high relief carved into the monolith of the rock according to the sketch of the artist from Denmark Thorvaldsen depicts a lion pierced by a spear, protecting the shield with the fleur-de-lis of the French kings. The indescribable suffering and fatigue of this graceful and strong animal is conveyed so vividly that it seems that the lion was in the thick of the battle just a minute ago. This monument was created in honor and memory of all the Swiss guards who laid down their heads while defending the Tuileries Palace during the uprising of 1792.
Chapel Bridge in Lucerne
The ancient bridge over the Reuss River belongs to the main attractions of Switzerland and is considered the hallmark of Lucerne. The construction of the bridge was completed back in 1365, which makes the "chapel bridge", as the townspeople call it, the oldest wooden bridge in Europe. In the center of the structure, which connects the old and modern parts of the city, is an octagonal stone water tower, which was built before the construction of the Chapelbrücke. The entire length of the bridge is covered by a shed roof, under which a kind of museum is open: several dozen paintings of an unusual triangular shape acquaint everyone with the main events in the history of the canton and Switzerland in general.