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2020-06-10 00:00:14

The Louvre Museum - the most popular museum in the world

The Louvre Museum - the most popular museum in the world

The Hermitage, the Tretyakov Gallery, the London Gallery, the Gallery of Old Masters and the Louvre are the main places in the world for all art lovers. 400,000 exhibits, a thousand-year-old palace the size of 22 football fields, 30,000 people visiting the museum daily (!) - all this is the Louvre. People from all over the world come here to at least take a quick look at the most famous and valuable works of art in the world. Even if artistic esthetics is far from you, it is worth a visit to this place, because it is one of the best attractions in the world. To ignore this fact is practically a crime.

Museum History

The Louvre Museum is located in the castle-fortress, which was erected by order of King Philip-Augustus in 1190. We can say that the construction is almost the same age as Paris. The main purpose of the fortress was to repel attacks from the Seine. In 1317, the royal treasury was transferred to the castle, and under King Charles V the Louvre became the residence of the crowned persons.

The project to convert the fortress into a royal residence was entrusted to Pierre Lescot, reconstruction work was carried out under the rulers Henry II and Charles IX. In 1594, it was decided to connect the Louvre with the palace built by Catherine de Medici.

In 1682, reconstruction work was suspended when King Louis XIV chose Versailles as his residence. At the beginning of the XVIII century, the conversion of the palace into a museum was begun - the work was completed in the year of the French Revolution. A significant contribution to the creation of the museum was made by Napoleon I and Napoleon III, through whose efforts the Louvre acquired a modern look.

Exposure Features

The museum exposition is divided into eight parts:

  • Graphic art
  • Art objects
  • Eastern antiquities
  • Sculpture
  • Painting
  • Islamic art
  • Egyptian antiquities
  • Greek, Etruscan and Roman antiquities.

These parts are located in the 3 wings of the museum: Denon, Sully and Richelieu. The most popular wing is Denon, where they are:

  • Gallery of Italian Painting
  • Works by French artists of the 19th century
  • Perhaps the most famous picture of the world is Leonard da Vinci's Mona Lisa
  • A collection of classic sculptures.

Richelieu's wing attracts tourists:

  • Collections of paintings in Northern and Western Europe
  • The works of Dürer and Vermeer
  • Hall of Napoleon, striking with rich decoration
  • The works of Hans Holbein.

The main masterpieces of the Louvre

  • "Mona Lisa" (or "Mona Lisa") by Leonard da Vinci
  • "Venus of Milos" Agesandra of Antioch
  • "Nika of Samothrace - the goddess of victory"
  • The "Prisoner" (or "The Dying Slave") by Michelangelo
  • Statue of Seated Ramses II
  • The Lacemaker by Jan Vermeer.

Interesting Facts

  • The exposition of the museum began to gather thanks to the private collections of the French nobility. Great contribution - more than two hundred paintings - made by Louis XIV
  • The first visitors entered the museum on August 10, 1793
  • The original name is "Napoleon Museum"
  • Many exhibits hit the Louvre as trophies of the French army
  • Museums-satellites of the Louvre - Lance and the Louvre-Abu Dhabi
  • In 1911, the Mona Lisa was abducted. The thief was caught selling paintings in 1914
  • The museum regularly broadcasts programs and documentaries
  • At the Louvre there are: The Louvre High School, retail outlets, commercial exhibition halls, a museum and research center for restoration, the Council of decorative and applied arts.

The object belongs to museums.

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Egor Eremeev
Current material has been prepared by Egor Eremeev
Education: Westminster University (Business & Management), London.
Egor studied and lived in the UK for 8 years and graduated from the university of Westminster. He is currently the co-founder and the director of business development at Smapse Education and personally visits foreign schools and universities, interviews students studying in those institutions.
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