The educational system of Montenegro was formed during the times of Yugoslavia, educational policy is determined by the federal government and the Ministry of Education and Science of the Republic of Montenegro with the participation of the European Union, non-governmental organizations. Key educational reforms at the turn of the millennium have improved vocational education and training in Montenegro, updated curricula at various levels.
Compulsory education in Montenegro includes 8 classes of primary school, where children from 7 to 14 years old study. Most of the educational institutions are state-owned. The official language of instruction is Serbian, some areas offer Albanian; in 2000, about 95.8% of primary school students in Montenegro were taught in Serbian, 4.2% in Albanian.
Education system of Montenegro
The education system includes preschool, primary, general secondary, vocational, complete secondary and higher education. Adult education is part of the general system and is implemented at all levels.
Participation in preschool education programs is optional, infants and children under three years old sometimes attend childcare facilities, and preschool education is available for children aged 3-7 years.
Primary education is compulsory and free for all children from 6 to 15 years old. It lasts 9 years, divided into three cycles - primary and incomplete secondary education are organized as a single structural system.
General secondary education is provided by secondary schools - gymnasiums, it is optional. The gymnasium is attended by students up to 17 years old who have received primary education (9 years old); education at the gymnasium lasts 4 years.
Secondary vocational education is optional, 2-4 years: it is provided by secondary vocational, art, music, ballet schools.
Teaching children with special educational needs (SEN children) is part of a unified educational system, it is mandatory from the moment a child's need for special education is identified. Inclusive education is carried out by preschool institutions, institutions of primary, secondary general, vocational education, and a resource center.
Distance learning art (state music schools)
Elementary Music Schools offer distance learning as an additional option for primary school children. Children from 6 years old. take a course based on entrance exams that identify basic skills or aptitude for a particular musical instrument, ballet or singing. There are no fees at public elementary music schools.
International schools can be the ideal solution for international students: they provide similar learning standards around the world, provide an easy transition between schools in different countries.
Educational institutions follow the model of the curriculum of the USA, Great Britain, Switzerland, etc. Initial training is conducted in any language, more often in English. International educational institutions provide internationally recognized accreditation - International Baccalaureate.
Admission and enrollment procedures vary from school to school, places are limited, tuition fees are high (at local rates), but offers high academic standards, smaller class sizes, first-class facilities, and extracurricular activities. Some schools have boarding schools, but daytime education is more common.
Higher education in Montenegro
Higher education can be obtained at the University of Montenegro - the only state university, two private universities, nine individual private faculties and one separate state faculty.
Higher education is provided by the University of Montenegro, which unites 15 faculties. University programs take from 2 to 6 years, starting at the age of 19, graduates receive bachelor's, master's, and science degrees. At a state university, tuition fees for a certain number of students are paid from the state budget, foreign students pay for tuition themselves.
The reformed higher education system provides quality education that is internationally recognized. Students learn according to the 3 + 2 + 3 model that dominates the European Higher Education Area. The University of Montenegro provides free undergraduate and graduate education. The university offers practical training, which makes up 25% of the total student workload.
Suggested training programs:
- Bachelor's degree, 180 ECTS
- Master's degree, 120 ECTS.
Study programs can be interdisciplinary in at least two directions.
University of Montenegro
The University of Montenegro provides most of the higher education in Montenegro since secession from Serbia following the 2006 independence referendum. Located in the capital of the country Podgorica, the university was founded in 1974 as Titograd University. He linked economic, engineering, law faculties of the city, institutes of history, agriculture, biological, medical sciences with teacher training colleges (Nikisic) and marine research (Kotor).
It became a university in Montenegro in 1992 and remains the country's only public university. In 2018, just over 20 thousand students studied here.
Eleven of the 19 faculties and schools are located in Podgorica, others - in Nikisic, Cetinje, Kotor. The Institute for Marine Research in Kotor operates five specialized laboratories and plans to open Montenegro's first marine aquarium, a national science and technology park in partnership with the government. It includes the Center for Rehabilitation and Endangered Species. The university enjoys significant support from the Albert II Foundation from Monaco.
The cost of studying at the University of Montenegro is from $ 1000 / g.