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Burgtheater: one of the largest theaters in the world

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Burgtheater: one of the largest theaters in the world

Vienna is the European capital with a huge number of museums, parks and theaters, and the Burgtheater is one of the most striking: it has an almost 380-year history and is represented by an exquisite white stone structure. Tourists can attend a play or day excursion in German and English. Exterior decoration, interior decoration and the size of the theater will amaze even the sophisticated tourist! The history of the construction is rich in both good and negative aspects: from a grandiose erection to complete destruction. Today the Burgtheater is famous all over the world.

History and features of the theater

Maria Theresa is the Empress, during whose reign many magnificent structures were built in Vienna and in other areas of modern Austria. So, in 1741, she drew attention to the fact that the palace ballroom was empty, and ordered to rebuild the building for theatrical productions.

At the end of the 18th century, the premieres of three opera works by Mozart were performed on the stage of the Burgtheater:

  • 1782 - "Abduction from Seral"
  • 1786 - “The Wedding of Figaro”
  • 1790 - “This is what everyone does.”

At the end of the 19th century, the grand construction of the Ringstrasse, the largest boulevard of the capital, took place, and in 1888 a decision was made to move the Burgtheater to a new building on this street. The project was taken up by the famous architect Semper, who shortly before had built a theater in Dresden. The Burgtheater was in many ways similar to the Dresden “colleague”: balustrade, style, windows. In the center of the facade on its roof you can see a statue of Apollo - the patron saint of art - and below, on the attic, the story of the procession of Bacchus and Ariadne is depicted. The inscription “Hofburgtheater” is still on the facade of the building, despite the fact that the Burgtheater got its modern name back in 1919.

During the Second World War, the theater building was almost completely destroyed, and the performances were moved to Ronacher. Restoration work of the building ended in 1955. A great contribution to the history of the theater was made by its director from 1986 to 1999, Klaus Paiman - at that time the theater became one of the leading in Europe.

Performances and excursion

The Burgtheater has its own troupe in the amount of more than 100 actors, about 8 hundred performances per season are shown. Here are works based on the works of L. Tolstoy, W. Shakespeare, G. Lessing, F. Schiller, I. Goethe, A. Chekhov and other legendary authors.

During the tour, visitors will learn more about the history of the theater, about the difficult years during the Second World War, and about reconstruction. Tourists will be shown a huge stage with an area of almost 700 square meters, which has 4 hydraulic lifts that help directors to realize a lot of bold ideas.

Tickets for performances range from 7 € to 61 €. The tour costs 7 € (for children - 3.50 €).

Interesting Facts

  • Hall capacity is 1340 people.
  • The number of musicians in the orchestra pit is 70.
  • Stage diameter is 21 meters.
  • The scene can not only rise and fall, but also rotate in a circle.
  • If necessary, the stage and the hall can be divided by a protective metal screen weighing 16 tons.


The object belongs to theaters.

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