School education is one of those topics that is constantly discussed in rich countries. Eternal disputes and discussions on the priority of one subject over others, the choice of a more prestigious educational institution or the allocation of additional state subsidies ...
Unfortunately, according to the United Nations, poor countries are much more likely to ask the question: "Where can I get an education?" Over the past decades, the fight against the shortage of school places has not led to any positive result. There are more than 600 million schoolchildren in the world who are still receiving low school education.
In the civilized countries of the West, girls and boys study on an equal footing, while in African countries most girls stay at home. Lack of education among the female population is very high. To fight poverty, which most often does not allow children to get an education, the lead singer of the group U2 Bono created One Campaign, and the UN made October 11 the International Day of the Girl Child.
More often than not, girls are unable to get an education because of the difficult political and economic situation in the country. Families suffering from poverty cannot afford to educate all their children or to receive an education themselves. Poverty, hunger and ongoing war are the only things they care about. In such countries, girls are expected to help in work in which mental abilities are completely unnecessary. If it is difficult for a family to feed children, then they are given in marriage, which immediately deprives them of any prospects for education.
One Campaign has a rating that determines the level of the problem according to the following criteria:
- % of girls in primary schools.
- % of girls in secondary schools.
- % of girls who have completed primary school.
- % of girls who have completed secondary school.
- Average number of years of schooling.
- % of illiterate women in the country.
- The level of education of teachers.
- Number of teachers and students.
At the same time, it is worth noting that for countries such as Syria, such a rating is very difficult to compile due to insufficient data.
A very young country almost from the moment of its appearance plunged into violence and war. Families are fleeing their homes, and schools are falling apart before our eyes. Among the total female population of the country, only 1/4 have completed primary school.
Central African Republic
In the region, there is only 1 teacher for every 80 students. A country cannot afford a comfortable country, so it is almost impossible to give a good education.
Almost all girls between the ages of 15 and 24 — 17 per cent of the population — are illiterate.
The gender gap is very pronounced in the country. This is one of the reasons why it is easier for boys to get into school than for girls, for whom education is not a priority.
In order for local girls to get an education, many social barriers need to be overcome. Also, residents have difficulties at the economic level.
Of all girls entering school, only 38 per cent complete primary school, and not all of them remain in secondary school and continue their education.
In the country, some girls go to their first education after 25 years. At the same time, the average training time is one year.
Among all girls moving on to secondary school, only 1% stay until the end. Parents do not have enough money to continue their education, so girls gradually leave school to take care of everyday life and help their parents.
At first glance, it may seem that girls study quite a lot, but almost two-thirds of them do not attend classes regularly.
The situation in the country with girls' education is relatively good. However, two girls out of five marry before the age of 18 and drop out of education.
The UN planned to prepare $69 million by 2030 to implement an international plan to improve education in the world. According to Gale Smith, president of the One Campaign, lack of education among broad sections of the female population is a global crisis that increases poverty.