SMAPSE often writes about the countries most attractive for education: Great Britain, the USA, Australia, Switzerland, Canada ... But today experts will look at the other side of the coin - let's talk about the worst countries for studying abroad. Somewhere the level of literacy of the population, the well-being of the economy are to blame, somewhere national factors (religious moments, traditions and mentality) influence - but the result is the same: a deplorable level of education, which does not reach modern world standards. This is not a strict ranking: it turned out to be very difficult to arrange in specific places, given the many nuances.
In the country, only primary education (from 7 to 13 years old) is considered general and compulsory: even secondary, not to mention higher education, is considered elite and inaccessible.
Central African Republic
The economic situation in the republic leaves much to be desired, which cannot but affect education: schools are constantly closed due to lack of funding, teachers are fired without receiving a salary - accordingly, and children do not receive knowledge.
Here, the compulsory educational stage is also only primary school: when in most world countries, children are required to study up to 15-16 years old, in Burma this standard is only up to 9 years old (only 5 years of primary school).
Secondary (already elective in fact) education is divided into cycles: grade 6-8 + exams, then the division into humanitarian and technical streams, during which mathematics and languages (English and Burmese) are necessarily studied, and only then the issuance of diplomas.
Another financially suffering country: most families are forced to involve their children in work from an early age to feed themselves, so they are very reluctant to send children to school. Formally compulsory education here is from 6 to 15 years old, but in fact more than half of the population remains illiterate. Yes, and there is no one to finance the school except parents, and they do not always have money and they need money for everyday life, therefore half of the institutions are either half empty or are closed. The situation is especially difficult with the education for girls: cultural traditions and early marriages are still strong here, therefore it is not a common situation to meet girls in the middle classes.
Everything looks relatively good: 80% of schools are public, so they live off the state budget, education is required from 5 to 14 years old - but in terms of literacy, the country still ranks 151 out of 184 possible.
It is noteworthy that the academic year in India begins at the end of March: the first semester is April-October, the second is October-March, plus there are holidays in March and June.
A complex history, ethnic heterogeneity and strong religious traditions prevent education from developing according to modern standards. But the country is striving for progress: schools are mostly free (public), a 12-year cycle is applied, up to grade 6, boys and girls study together. By the way, due to a strong shortage of personnel, any school (!) Graduate can teach in an Afghan school: if you graduate from 12 classes, you can become a teacher. However, you can only study up to the ninth grade inclusive.
Like most Latin American countries, Ecuador is lagging behind global development trends in education. Primary secondary education is compulsory from 6 to 14 years old and is free. Higher education is represented mainly by the humanities (philology and jurisprudence are especially valued), but it is difficult to find strong technical specialties in universities.
Only 6 years of schooling are considered compulsory: after that comes the secondary school (grades 7-11 / 12), which is already attended by significantly fewer students - the world literacy rating of Honduras is 112 out of 184. Vocational education is practically absent, although there are universities ...
The local government, alas, is constantly cutting funding for the education sector: Cambodia spends only 1% of the state budget on education - this is the minimum figure even among neighboring countries. However, there are still positive shifts: higher education in the country has "expanded" 10 times over the past 10 years, the level of the economy is stabilizing, so we can only hope for more full-scale injections of funds.
Despite the fact that Morocco is considered quite developed among the Arab and Muslim countries, the level of illiteracy of the population is still high here. There is a law on compulsory 9-year education, but not all families let their children go to boarding schools (and they have been working here since grade 5). Plus, according to citizens, getting a certificate is very difficult because of the exaggerated requirements for exams.