Traveling in Germany attracts tourists from all over the world: to see carefully preserved historical monuments, to visit incredibly picturesque and ecologically clean corners of nature, to get acquainted with expositions of hundreds of museums and galleries, to get acquainted with the art and architecture of the future.
Tourism in Germany is a well-developed industry. Roads are laid to each attraction, transport stops, parking, and vehicle rental are thought out. Hotels, restaurants, shops everywhere accompany the tourist flow. But the main thing is that in Germany there will be something to see for travelers with any requests.
Brandenburg Gate: a symbol of Germany, a witness to the twists and turns of her fate
The Brandenburg Gate is the most recognizable symbol of Germany, the only surviving gate of old Berlin. The pompous gate, built at the end of the 18th century, served as a triumphal arch - the army of victors passed through them.
The architects were inspired by the main entrance of the ancient Acropolis, the top of the gate is decorated with the goddess of victory Victoria. Victoria drives a cart, harnessed by 4 horses (quadriga); after the victory over Napoleon, a German iron cross appeared in her hands.
After the end of World War II, Berlin was divided by a wall, and the Brandenburg Gate ended up on the territory of east Berlin. The gates were separated from east Berlin by metal barriers, behind which the border guards kept watch. The Brandenburg Gate became a symbol of the division of Germany. During the fall of the Berlin Wall, the gate itself and the sculptural group at the top were partially damaged by the stormy joy of the united Germans.
You shouldn't leave Berlin after seeing only the Brandenburg Gate. Other places to visit in Berlin:
- Reichstag building
- Museum Island
- Charlottenburg palace
- Berlin Cathedral
- Köpenick hunting palace
- Bellevue Palace.
Sanssouci palace complex: a royal life without worries
The palace with the Sanssouci park in Potsdam was built in 1747 according to the plan of the Prussian king Frederick II the Great. This is the summer residence where he came to rest. Frederick not only himself was engaged in the sketch of the palace and the park - he delved into every detail of construction and decoration: every picture, book in the palace was chosen by the king himself.
The warrior king, Frederick the politician in Sanssouci turned to peaceful pursuits: he read, wrote music, participated in evening concerts, fiddled with his favorite dogs. The French name "Sanssouci" translates to "no worries". Friedrich considered himself a philosopher and musician, and here he could accomplish this. The Germans still gossip that Frederick II's wife, Queen Elizabeth Christina, was not allowed to come to Sanssouci.
A magnificent park with many pavilions, grottoes, vineyards, terraced on a hill, magnificent palaces built not to demonstrate grandeur, but to contemplate beauty: Sanssouci in Germany is called the German Versailles.
Before the construction of the palace began, Frederick II ordered the construction of a tomb for himself on the hill. But his successor ordered to bury Frederick the Great next to his father, so that only in 1991 Frederick's ashes were buried in the crypt he had prepared. In Friedenskirche, 2 more German monarchs are buried in the park.
Cecilienhof castle: home of the last crown prince and a top-class executive palace
Cecilienhof Castle was built in 1917 by order of the last Kaiser of Germany, Wilhelm II, for the heir, Crown Prince Friedrich Wilhelm, and his wife Cecilia, the granddaughter of the Russian Emperor Nicholas I. The Crown Prince's family and children lived here until 1945. In 1945, Friedrich Wilhelm and his family were evicted, and they left for the Hohenzollern castle.
Cecilienhof is famous for the fact that the Potsdam Conference was held here in July 1945 - the meeting of Stalin, Churchill and Truman. The interior of the epoch-making meeting has been preserved: it can be seen by visiting the palace. In the 21st century, the palace was once again used as a high-level meeting place.
The palace has an exhibition that tells about the life of the royal family. Cecilienhof Castle does not look like a luxurious palace: it was built in the style of old English mansions with rich interior decoration made of expensive wood species. The English park next to the castle creates the illusion of wildlife. In front of the main entrance before the start of the Potsdam conference, a flowerbed was laid out: a five-pointed star was laid out with red flowers. This floral pattern has been preserved to this day.
Heidelberg Castle: Gothic on Königstuhl Mountain
Above the city of Heidelberg rises a Gothic castle, the former residence of the rulers of the Palatinate, built at the turn of the XIII-XIV centuries. The castle is in a dilapidated state, but the ruins are preserved from further destruction.
The restored Friedrichsbau Palace, its Knight's and Imperial Halls will transport the traveler to the era of knights. The current chapel of the 18th century was loved by newlyweds who want to get married in a romantic setting. The castle cellars store a work of local craftsmen - the world's largest beer barrel for 200,000 liters of beer.
The castle is extremely popular, offering magnificent views of the Neckar Valley and ancient Heidelberg.
Black Forest Nature Park: a magical forest from Hauff's tales
The Black Forest, the largest nature park in Germany, is located in several German states. The name is translated as "Black Forest": this is due to the abundance of fir in the forests of the Black Forest, which has a dark trunk. In Gough's tales, forest spirits live in this forest.
The natural park includes mountains and valleys, rivers, lakes, streams and large tracts of forest. There are many animals here, some of which are endangered species. Here the Danube originates.
In the Black Forest there are ski resorts, hiking trails, divers come to the lakes.
Herrenchiemsee: improved Versailles and amazing peace on the island
Bavarian King Ludwig II (19th century), opera lover and dreamer, built 3 magnificent palaces: Neuschwanstein, Linderhof and Herrenchiemsee. Herrenchiemsee, the largest of them, is located on an island in Lake Chiemsee, which the locals call the Bavarian Sea.
Herrenchiemsee Palace was conceived as a copy of Versailles, which the king sincerely admired. The palace is also surrounded by a park with flower beds, topiary, fountains. But if Versailles was a place of noisy holidays, then Ludwig was looking for peace, so he built a palace on the island. The smooth surface of the lake surrounded by the Alps, the complete silence creates the feeling of stopped time. Fenced with a net, deer and roe deer view visitors to the park.
Herrenchiemsee looks like a palace in Versailles, but life is much better arranged here: hot water is provided, toilets are equipped, and the ceremonial Hall of Mirrors is larger than the original one.
Port of Hamburg: Elbe tunnel, museum ships
The port of Hamburg is one of the oldest in Europe and the largest, despite the fact that it is a river port. The port was opened in the XII century, and now it occupies several blocks. The port of Hamburg receives a large number of ships, there is a whole quarter of warehouses. Tourists love it for its special maritime atmosphere: unusual buildings, walks on a regular boat or an old one with a wheel, a restaurant on an old yacht.
Tourists should definitely walk through the tunnel that runs right under the Elbe, under the ships, visit the museum ships and pay tribute to the street food in the port. The main feature of the port fast food is fish burgers and herring sandwiches.
Lorelei's Rock: The Romantic Reina Maiden
The rock at the narrowest point of the Rhine is called Lorelei, which translates as "whispering rock". The rock got its name because of the noise of the threshold, which was nearby. The romantic poet Clemens Brentano, inspired by the mysterious name of the rock and the beauty of the place, invented the legend of the Rhine maiden Lorelei, who in a magical whisper lures and destroys ships.
The legend was taken up by German poets and musicians. Friedrich Schiller wrote the famous ballad, immediately 2 composers put it to music. In 1968, a bronze figure of Lorelei was installed on the rock.
Linderhof: just like in France
Linderhof is one of the 3 castles of Ludwig II, the only one that he managed to complete and in which he lived. The idea of Linderhof, like Herrenchiemsee, was inspired by Versailles, but not the main palace, but far from the noise of the courtyard of Marly.
Linderhof Palace is built of wood, but plastered, so its wooden base is not visible. The interiors are made in the French style, on the walls there are portraits of the nobles of the French court from the time of Louis XIV, gilding all around.
In a beautiful park with a pond and a fountain, there is a charismatic place - the grotto of Venus, where performances were staged in the 19th century.
Speyer Cathedral: the legacy of the Holy Roman Empire
The imperial cathedral in Speyer was built in the 11th century by order of the German kings, who were also emperors of the Roman Empire. The cathedral was built in the Romanesque style, preceding the Gothic. The majestic cathedral towers over the Rhine, in the ornate crypt of the cathedral (under the altar) German monarchs of the XI-XIV centuries are buried.