The Basilica of the Sacre Coeur, consecrated in honor of the holiday of the Heart of Christ, revered in Catholicism, is the second largest and most important religious building in Paris after Notre Dame de Paris. During the construction, a special material was used, thanks to which the temple can be called unique: a mineral mined in Château-London (a suburb of Paris), which turns white under the influence of water. Due to the property of the mineral, a special glow emanates from the basil. The temple is located in Montmartre: its dome rises above the city, reminding townspeople and tourists that visiting it means enjoying the beauty, serenity and grandeur.
Everything you need to know about Sacre Coeur
For the first time, the proposal to build a temple in honor of the heroes of the Franco-Prussian war was announced in 1871. The project was entrusted to the architect Paul Abadi, who received this right, beating seventy competitors in the competition. One of the key points, which was taken into account by the jury - Abadi proved himself and left his mark in Notre Dame Cathedral.
In total, the work on the basilica took almost forty years - from 1875 to 1914. Key points of construction:
- 1875 - laying of the first stone
- 1876 - opening of a temporary small chapel
- 1881 - start of indoor work
- 1889 - first divine service
- 1895 installation of the main bell
- 1912 - completion of the bell tower construction
- 1919 consecration of the Sacre Coeur
- 1903-1920 - creation of stained glass
- 1900-1920 - installation of mosaics.
In the project, the architect combined features of the Hagia Sophia in Constantinople and the Cathedral of San Marco in Venice, and the domes were designed by analogy with the domes of the Saint-Front church in Perigueux. As a result, the style of the basilica can hardly be attributed to any one, it is defined as Roman-Byzantine with elements of the Renaissance and Gothic.
Dimensions of the structure:
- Length - 85 meters, width - 35 meters
- The height of the dome is 83 meters, the bell tower is 100 meters.
In front of the basilica, two statues were erected: on the right - Joan of Arc, on the left - Saint Lubovik. Above the upper level is a statue of Christ, who blesses believers with his right hand, and points to the heart with his left.
- The mosaics and stained-glass windows are the work of the artist Luc-Olivier Merson, who is famous for his work on stamps and banknotes
- Historical stained glass windows were destroyed during World War II, new ones were installed in 1946
- From the top of the temple, an overview of Paris opens up within a radius of 50 kilometers
- Construction was interrupted several times to strengthen the soil of the hill on which the basilica was built
- During the laying of the church, a medallion with the inscription "France presents Christ with the Montmartre Basilica" was placed along with the stone.
The object belongs to the temples.