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2019-09-26 00:18:55

The ancient capital of Malta with a long history - Mdina

The ancient capital of Malta with a long history - Mdina

Traveling in Malta, visit the city - Mdina - there are dozens of attractions created centuries ago, and many have survived to the present day and delight with their sophistication. Mdina is a tourist center, there are only 306 locals here (2011 census data). The territory of the city is 0.9 square kilometers: you can get around it in a couple of hours, but it is important to stop at the monuments, temples and other attractions, where you will learn the history of the state and dozens of amazing legends.

Short story

The first mention of the city dates back to about 2000 BC - the first fortifications here were built in the Bronze Age. The first settlement was transformed into a city in the 8th century BC by the Phoenicians, and in 218 BC it was captured by the Romans. As a result, in 1530, aristocrats from the knightly order of the Johannites settled in the city, and the city began to actively develop and expand.

Major Attractions

  1. Cathedral: the legend says that the cathedral was built on the site of the house in which the apostle Paul lived after a shipwreck in the 60th year of our era
  2. Carmelite Church: was built from 1660 to 1675, has a pronounced Baroque style
  3. Palace "Santa Sofia": was built in the city center, the first floor of the building was erected in 1233
  4. Museum “Mdinskaya Dungeon”: the building was once a court. It is impossible to go through the museum without noticing - a human skeleton is hanging on the window, and there are torture tools at the entrance
  5. Falzon Palace: its construction began in 1495, it has several names and is perfectly preserved
  6. Greek Gate: the medieval gate was reconstructed in 1724, they lead to the fortified city of Mdina
  7. City gate: was built at the beginning of the 20th century to shorten the path to a neighboring city
  8. Chapel of St. Agatha: was built in 1410 and is located next to the city gate
  9. Monastery of St. Benedict: a convent, whose inhabitants do not go beyond its territory
  10. Museum "Life Path of Mdina": this is a visual show held for tourists on the territory of an old house
  11. Palazzo Villena: has a French Baroque style, was the home of the Grand Master Villena
  12. Corte Capitanale: a building was built at the beginning of the 18th century, previously used as a court
  13. Municipal Palace: at the beginning of the 18th century, the city council built a new government building
  14. Torre dello Standarto: this tower, erected in 1725, was part of the fortifications of the city.

Interesting Facts

  • Greek gates in the Middle Ages were used only by slaves.
  • In order to attract tourists to different sights, the residents of Malta sell combined tickets: you can visit 2-3 objects for one ticket
  • The main inhabitants of Mdina are aristocrats from the great dynasties
  • On the territory of Mdina, several scenes of the series “Game of Thrones” were filmed.

 

The object belongs to the cities.

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Egor Eremeev
Current material has been prepared by Egor Eremeev
Education: Westminster University (Business & Management), London.
Egor studied and lived in the UK for 8 years and graduated from the university of Westminster. He is currently the co-founder and the director of business development at Smapse Education and personally visits foreign schools and universities, interviews students studying in those institutions.
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