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2019-09-26 00:18:41

Hohensalzburg Castle: the medieval heart of Salzburg

Hohensalzburg Castle: the medieval heart of Salzburg

Already at the entrance to Salzburg you can see the fortress Hohensalzburg, located at a height of 120 meters and visible from any corner of the city. The fortress is one of the oldest in Europe, well preserved to this day, has never been destroyed. Visiting Hohensalzburg, tourists can see and learn many facts about the medieval life of Europeans. The castle has about 20 buildings: towers, bell tower, fire tower, church, bakery, prison, princely chambers and a well. By purchasing a ticket, visitors can walk around almost the entire territory of the castle and visit the inside of the main buildings.

Short Story

  • 1077 - Gebhard I, ruler of Salzburg, began to worry about possible enemy invasions and built a huge castle, which today stands in the center of the city
  • 16th century - up to this time the castle had been strengthened and developed several times, reaching the form in which it is seen today
  • 1500 - The first cable car in the world was built and started operating: it was used to bring supplies from the foot of the mountain to the top of the castle.
  • 1525 - The first and last siege of the castle: The peasants attempted to drive Prince Lang out of power, but failed, and after 61 days of siege the uprising was put down.
  • During the Napoleonic Wars - the castle owners, fearing that it would be razed to the ground, surrendered the castle without a fight
  • Until 1861 the fortress was a prison, a barracks, a warehouse - several times it changed its destination and in 1861 again became the guard of the city
  • Early 20th century - Hohensalzburg was a prison for Nazis and prisoners of war from Italy until the alliance with Germany was concluded
  • Time of World War II - Bombing bypassed the castle.

Features of the castle

Today Hohensalzburg is one of the main attractions of Salzburg: it can be reached by cable car, whose station is located in the city center. Tourists can examine in detail the fortifications and towers, the stone walls and the access road. From the walls and towers of the castle offers a picturesque view of Salzburg and its surroundings.

In one of the towers of the castle is an organ, built in the 16th century. The chapel with exquisite marble bas-reliefs is also rich in riches. In the living quarters, tourists will see the princely chambers with preserved medieval decorations. One of the richest halls is considered to be the Golden Hall - on its walls visitors will see leather upholstery with gold trimming, skilled wooden benches with carvings.

Castle Museum includes historical monuments of Salzburg and  Austria , a collection of weapons from pistols to rifles. Tourists will hear amazing stories about the building itself and its inhabitants. Entrance ticket (with an elevator and the descent by cable car) is 15.5 €, admission ticket for a family - 34.4 € for 2 adults and 3 children, and guest card Salzburg allows you to visit the attraction for free.

Interesting Facts

  • One of the interesting exhibits is the princely medieval toilet, which in those days was the most modern.
  • The area of the castle is 30 thousand square meters.
  • In the museum there is a death mask of commander Radetzky.
  • If you want, you can walk to the castle, there are no access roads, except the cable car.


The object belongs to the castles.

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Egor Eremeev
Current material has been prepared by Egor Eremeev
Education: Westminster University (Business & Management), London.
Egor studied and lived in the UK for 8 years and graduated from the university of Westminster. He is currently the co-founder and the director of business development at Smapse Education and personally visits foreign schools and universities, interviews students studying in those institutions.
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