- French State Institutions of Higher Education
- Higher education in France: structure and stages
- How to enter the universities of France? Documents and Requirements
- The cost of higher education in France, the price of study at a French university
In recent years, more and more students from Russia and CIS countries have become more and more students at universities in France : this is a real and feasible task, and higher education in France will help you to open the doors of the best companies and employers of the world.
French State Institutions of Higher Education
Now in France there are about 85 state universities, which are usually called by the name of the city or region, in which: Université de Rouen, Université Montpellier. Of course, large cities such as Paris can boast several state universities (for example, there are 13 such institutions in the French capital and suburbs) - in this case their name is supplemented and assigned a number: for example, Université Paris I. By the way, the legendary French The Sorbonne does not exist long ago, from the 60s to the 70s: there are three universities that still have a direct relation to the Sorbonne: Université Paris 1 Pantheon Sorbonne, Université Paris 3 Sorbonne Nouvelle and Université Paris 4 Sorbonne (which is reflected in their names) . These are the best options if you want to get higher education in France on humanitarian specialties (literature - world or French, law, philosophy, etc.), but for exact and natural sciences it is worthwhile to find other options, as well as for training in engineering, financial sciences and management - for this work the higher schools of France.
Higher education in France: structure and stages
The structure of the university in France is in many respects similar to the Russian university structure that we are accustomed to. Universities are divided into departments (UFR, Unité de Formation et de Recherches), and many specialties and directions in translation look exactly the same as in Russia:
- exact sciences and technology (physics, chemistry, mathematics, computer science)
- sports and physical activity
- economic and social sciences (economics, management, law)
- philology and languages
- Humanities and social sciences (history, sociology, art and others)
- medicine and so on.
Some specialties are taught in special institutes that have received the status of a full-fledged separate faculty - for example:
- IUFM (Institut Universitaire de Formation des Maitres)
- IAE (Instituts d'Administration des Entreprises)
- IUP (Instituts Universitaires Professionnalisés), is especially known as the "forge of cadres" in industry and services
- IUT (Instituts universitaires de technologie).
Senior students (and also those who have already received a bachelor's degree / specialist in another country) can apply for the following programs of the University of France :
- License 1, 2, 3
These are three-year programs, each year of study ending with the delivery of a corresponding diploma - and the full course at 3 years is equal to the bachelor's diploma (at least in Russia)
- Master 1, or M1
Previously, this diploma was called Maitrise - the structure and names changed after a large-scale reform of higher education in France (2005-2006). This is a one-year program, which you can enroll after the course of License 3, an approximate analogue of the Russian diploma and the title of specialist
- Master 2 for Research (Master 2 Recherche) and Master 2 Professional (Master 2 Professionnel)
The earliest was called DEA and DESS, respectively - an approximate analogue of the Russian Master's program.
- Diploma of Doctor of Science (Doctorat)
+ 3 years of education in a specialized doctoral school.
The diploma corresponding to the level of knowledge is issued after the end of each year of study - accordingly, for each following course, students re-submit documents to the admission committee. This may seem unnecessary bustle and additional difficulties - but in fact this rule helps students quickly and clearly decide: do they really want to continue their education in this specialty, or do they want to switch to another program or to another university (without losing their training time! ).
How to enter the universities of France? Documents and Requirements
The process of admission to universities in France as a whole is not very complicated. There are no entrance exams: the admissions committee is presented with a certificate of secondary education - but this applies only to the French document. Enrollment in special profile institutes at French universities can also take place with the application of entrance examinations (for example, the Score IAE-Message is distributed). Russian students with a Russian Federation certificate will have to enroll and select on general terms, namely, to demonstrate:
- a sufficiently high level of knowledge of the French language (in rare cases, English, instruction is mainly conducted in the main state language)
- sustainable motivation for development and learning, goals for the future, professional and career plans, aspiration
- the level of knowledge: it is necessary that your academic skills, knowledge and successes obtained in high school should be in line with the chosen specialty.
Of course, for filing documents it is necessary to find out the availability and the number of free places for foreign students - French citizens have priority when enrolling in the universities of France.
The cost of higher education in France, the price of study at a French university
It should be noted that the cost of higher education in France is quite acceptable, loyal, including for foreign students. On a larger account, only the registration fee (in public universities) is mandatory, the size of which depends on the chosen program:
- License = 181 €
- Master 1 and 2 = 250 €
- Doctorat = 380 €.
A social insurance contribution (approximately 190 €) plus a cost of accommodation and meals is also compulsory: universities in France generally do not have their own residences, so the students will have to decide on their own housing and meals.