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Triumphal Column: a symbol of Berlin and a historical monument to the German combined forces


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Triumphal Column: a symbol of Berlin and a historical monument to the German combined forces


Tourists who decide to climb both viewing platforms of the Triumphal Column will enjoy breathtaking views of the Brandenburg Gate, the green territory of the Tiergarten and Potsdamer Platz. Erected as a monument to the united Prussian forces, it reflects all the power and grandeur of the German Empire. Victory Column is a symbol of Berlin and one of the main attractions of the city, which will attract the attention of every traveler!

Golden Elsa: The Story of a Majestic Monument

In the middle of the XIX century, Kaiser Wilhelm I ordered the erection of a monument representing the victories of Germany in the wars of that time. German architect I.G. Straight designed the Triumphal Monument, the construction of which lasted 8 years (1865-1873). Initially, the Victory Column was located right in front of the Reichstag building on Royal Square, but during the time of the National Socialist regime, the Golden Elsa was transferred to Tiergarten Park, where it still stands.

The height of the historical monument to the combined forces of Germany reached 59.39 m, but during its reconstruction in 1938-1939. another block was added, which increased the monument by 7.5 m.

Its second name - "Golden Elsa" - the Victory Column received from local residents. The fact is that this was the name of the daughter of the sculptor F. Drake, in whose image he created the statue of Victoria - the goddess of victory, completing the majestic monument. A laurel crown is placed in her left hand, and a Prussian standard in her right, the head of the goddess is decorated with a helmet with the coat of arms of the country. The height of the sculpture is 8 m with a weight of 35 tons.

The granite base of the monument is decorated with reliefs showing important battles with Austria, Denmark and France for Prussia, the victory in which allowed the unification of German lands and the creation of an empire.

A staircase of 285 steps, located inside the column, allows you to climb to the lower observation deck, located at a height of 48 m, and to the very top of the monument, to the statue of Victoria. And below is a small historical museum.

Visiting the museum and the observation deck of the monument

In the warmer months, you can visit the historical symbol of Berlin according to the following schedule:

  • Mon-Fri: 9:30 - 18:30
  • Sat-Sun: 9:30 - 19:00.

In winter, the observation deck and museum are open:

  • Mon-Fri: 10:00 - 17:00
  • Sat-Sun: 10:00 - 17:30.

Cost of visit:

  • Children = 1,5 €
  • Adults = 2.2 €.

Interesting Facts

  • Underpasses leading to the Triumphal Column were built back in 1941.
  • In 1987, the city authorities spent 1 kg of gold to cover the statue of Victoria, the goddess of victory, mounted at the very top of the column.

Object type: monument.

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