The phenomenon of Nazism is one of the most creepy pages in the history of Germany and the whole world. It is terrible to imagine and impossible to assess how much misfortune and grief it has brought to humanity. The Germans are sure: we must remember, never to repeat.
At the place where the Gestapo was located during World War II, the Topography of Terror museum was built: a memorial center whose purpose is to systematize and help people understand the terror of the period of National Socialism in the country, which lasted from 1933 to 1945. It is hardly worth saying that this place is a must to visit - you decide, but if you decide, emotions will rage for a very long time.
The history of the memorial complex
In 1987, German authorities decided to establish a museum of terror. The place was not chosen by chance, because from 1933 to 1945 there were:
- The Gestapo
- National Socialism Headquarters
- Secret Police Prison
- SS Office
- Nationalist Security Service
- Imperial Security Office.
The opening of the complex was timed to coincide with the 750th anniversary of Berlin. In the first months after the start of work, the exhibition was visited by more than a million people. Initially, the main exhibit was only the ruins remaining from the destroyed buildings of the National Socialists, but after incredible success it was decided to supplement the ruins with stands with historical references.
In 1993, it was decided to erect an archive, an exhibition hall and a tourist center here. The architect Peter Zumtor worked on the project. Due to financial difficulties, construction was completed only in 2006.
The topography of terror consists of 2 main parts: a permanent exhibition and temporary, successive ones.
A permanent exhibition tells the audience about the horrors and crimes of nationalists. Each part of the exposition is a specific historical period:
- Nationalists coming to power in Germany
- SS and police
- Terror in the territory of the Third Reich
- SS atrocities in the occupied territories
- End of war
- Post-war time.
The exposition will tell about the victims of terror and social groups that have become victims of nationalists, help to understand the system of terror (as much as possible).
- Topography Area - 800 sq.m.
- Thanks to the efforts of the museum staff, it was possible to preserve part of the Berlin Wall
- The tourist information center includes part of the preserved hut for prisoners of the Šenevide camp
- 500 thousand people visit the open-air museum annually
- Events and seminars are held on site
- Free admission.
The object belongs to museums.