Poverty is a serious problem at the global level, affecting all of humanity. We can consider in more detail not one, but as many as ten countries that are the poorest in the world and where living conditions are the most difficult.
Central African Republic
The Central African Republic has been one of the most impoverished States in the world for many years. It is also one of the most sparsely populated and poorest states on the African continent. The country is located on the border with Sudan, the Democratic Republic of the Congo, Cameroon and Chad. Experts note the main factors of the country's poverty: colonial history, internal religious contradictions, insufficient level of education of residents. The population of the country continues to experience an acute shortage of assistance, many of them are in a constant struggle for survival. Since 2018, approximately one million people have left the CAR every year.
Mozambique is framed by the waters of the Indian Ocean, its coastline stretches for about 2400 km. With its mangrove forests and coral archipelagos, Mozambique attracts over 300,000 tourists annually.
Despite the large amount of resources, the vast majority of Mozambican people live in poverty. Political instability and high levels of corruption remain the country's current problems, and the increase in conflicts since April 2011 has made the country less attractive for investment. Islamist rebel groups have been attacking the country's gas-rich north since 2017, killing about 5,000 citizens and displacing nearly a million. Unstable climatic conditions, floods and crop losses often lead to food shortages.
Chad is another African country that is struggling due to political instability, drought, remoteness and lack of public infrastructure. Approximately 80% of the inhabitants depend on agriculture and cattle breeding. Despite the abundance of natural resources, Chad is experiencing difficulties in improving its economic situation. Most of the population of Chad, as in other African countries, is young people under 25 years old: about 66% of such inhabitants live in the country. The educational system is also poorly developed here: the overall literacy rate of the population in 2018 was only 20%.
Somalia shares borders with Ethiopia, Kenya and Djibouti; in addition, the country is located on the sea route to Yemen. On the one hand, Somalia is washed by the waters of the Indian Ocean, and on the other, by the Bab el-Mandeb Strait.
Political instability, high inflation and precariousness for capital investment contribute to poverty in the country. An additional negative factor is the threat of drought. Here, like most countries in Africa, crises often arise due to lack of medical care, water and food.
Malawi is a country facing extreme climatic conditions. Tobacco is the main raw material that ensures the economic power of the country. The country is characterized by high inflation and an unstable financial situation. Malawi is a state without access to the sea, with a topography consisting of plateaus that are cut through by the Great Rift Valley. There is also a large lake Malawi. This picturesque but extremely poor country has many problems common to most African countries.
Liberia is a country on the west coast of Africa that faces serious social and economic problems. More than half of the country's population lives in extreme poverty, lacking income to meet their basic needs, and many people struggle to survive without a stable source of income or social protection.
One of the most pressing problems in Liberia is food hazards, especially for children. According to the data, one in three children in the country suffers from malnutrition, which has a corresponding impact on their health and development. Malnutrition increases the risk of various diseases and weakens the immune system of children, which creates serious problems for the future - both people and the country as a whole.
The Republic of Niger is an inland state with no access to the sea. Climate change has caused several significant agrarian crises that have caused food shortages. In the country, about 55% of the population has been living in extreme poverty over the past 10 years. The lack of adequate health care and access to clean water also points to the difficult situation in the country.
Democratic Republic of the Congo
The DCR, located in central Africa, has significant natural resources: fertile land, minerals and precious metals. Despite this, a huge number of people in the country live in extreme poverty, surviving on an income of less than $ 2 a day. The country's economic potential is limited as a result of military-political instability, which affects its development.
The inequitable distribution of wealth and resources is a major problem in the Democratic Republic of the Congo. Lack of access to land and means of production leads to the fact that most of the population remains excluded from economic activity, deprived of the opportunity to improve their situation. This leads to low incomes and difficulties in meeting basic needs such as food, shelter and medical care.
South Sudan shares borders with Ethiopia, Kenya, Uganda, the Democratic Republic of the Congo, the Central African Republic and Sudan. The main reasons for the low standard of living in the country are the armed conflict between South and North Sudan, the food crisis and the high level of corruption: South Sudan is one of the five most corrupt countries in the world.
Burundi is the poorest country in the world and one of the least developed. This state borders with Rwanda, Congo and Tanzania, has no access to the sea. More than 70% of the population here lives below the poverty line, and the average life expectancy does not exceed 40 years. This situation is based on the high prevalence of various infectious diseases, poorly developed health care and ethnic conflicts. Burundi's per capita gross national income is $260, the lowest even among the world's poorest countries.