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2022-06-23 22:05:49

The most dangerous and difficult mountains in the world

People throughout their history have sought to climb higher. They did this for security reasons, so that predators would not reach them, for reconnaissance of territories, for building comfortable housing. When humanity fully adapted to life on Earth, it began to build multi-storey skyscrapers, fly airplanes and climb mountains. The latter is rather the satisfaction of the need to be on top, to look at the world from a bird's eye view – and to prove to yourself that the impossible is possible.

Climbers are constantly risking their lives and health to conquer increasingly dangerous and high mountains, setting new personal and world records. A large number of rocks and mountains have already been conquered by fans of extreme sports, sometimes at the cost of many lives. Climbers have learned to divide mountains into degrees of danger and difficulty of conquest, unanimously highlighting those that are most difficult to climb without losing body parts from frostbite or not dying.

Avalanches, harsh weather, lack of oxygen, landslides, blizzards and winds are only a small part of what can await a person who decides to conquer the mountain heights. Already at an altitude of 5,000 meters, an unprepared person will begin to experience serious problems in the form of lack of air, malaise and a decrease in orientation and adaptation in the environment.

Having reached an altitude of 8000 meters above sea level, a person risks causing irreparable damage to his body, because at such a peak only 30% of the right amount of oxygen remains in the body. Despite this, there are more and more people who want to defeat themselves and climb a high and dangerous mountain.

Mont Blanc

The second name of the mountain, located in the Western Alps, is the White Mountain. Its height exceeds 5000 meters, and for the first time conquered it in 1786. There were 2 disasters on the mountain, which claimed the lives of more than 150 people - both times the victims were passengers of the plane that crashed.

Professional climbers do not consider Mont Blanc a very dangerous mountain, but this does not prevent it from breaking records for annual mortality. For 2 centuries, while climbing the mountain is carried out, several thousand people died here as a result of accidents. The reason for this is the constant snow avalanches and severe weather conditions, for which no one can prepare.

Vinson

The height of the mountain, located in Antarctica, is almost 4900 meters. The most difficult part of climbing the mountain climbing climbers consider the conquest of the Vinson massif: it is very easy to get lost during a blizzard or freeze to death.

Vinson is part of the Essworth Mountains, being the highest point of the massif. The total length of the mountain is 20 kilometers, and all relatively safe approaches to its top are covered with thick layers of ice. In some places, the thickness of the ice layer exceeds 4000 (!) meters.

Dhaulagiri

The highest point of the multi-peaked mountain complex is 8167 meters. Locals called this place the Cannibal Mountain, because every seventh (!) climber who decided to conquer Dhaulagiri died here. They die mainly from severe avalanches.

The southern part of the mountain is impregnable, but this does not stop lovers of risk and great heights. The mountain is included in the list of ultra-high mountains, whose height exceeds 8000 meters above sea level.

Chogori

Chogori is the second highest mountain on the entire planet, second only to Everest. The second name of this giant is K2. Chogori is the northernmost mountain from the list of eight-thousanders: it is located on the border of China with Pakistan and is part of the Karakoram mountain system, located northwest of the Himalayas.

From a technical point of view, it is even more difficult to climb Chogori than to Everest. The mortality rate among climbers who dare to get to the top is 25%. Those who began the ascent in the winter season were never able to reach the top - either left or died of frostbite or avalanches.

Matterhorn

The Matterhorn is considered the most complex of all alpine peaks. The northern slope of the mountain is impregnable, climbing on other sides is technically difficult and dangerous. The main risk is frequent avalanches, rockfalls and snowfalls with wind.

For the first time the mountain was conquered by 2 groups of climbers in 1865. However, only one team was able to get to the foot - the second died during the descent due to a break in the tether.

The location of the Matterhorn is the border of Switzerland and Italy, on a beautiful Alpine terrain. The shape of the mountain is very recognizable, which makes it popular among tourists: it resembles a horn growing from the valley, towering above the ground for several thousand meters. For a long time, climbers could not reach the top of the mountain, and it became one of the last peaks in the Alps, which succumbed to man.

Every year thousands of professionals try to conquer the top, choosing easy and complex routes. Not everyone succeeds, because even trained climbers have to go through serious trials to reach the end. Many combs are still not walked, because they are too dangerous for a person even in modern equipment.

Eiger

The mountain is rightfully recognized as one of the most difficult and dangerous, even taking into account the fact that its height is not so threatening - 3962 meters. The mountain wall, towering above the ground for more than 2000 meters, is the most dangerous section of the rock. A great danger to the climber is the constant blocks of ice falling from the top of the mountain. For the first time it was possible to conquer it only in 1938.

Elevation changes and unstable weather are the phenomena that caused the mountain to be called cannibalistic. For all the time, Eiger buried 64 climbers who could not cope with the harsh conditions and dangers.

Nanga Parbat

The highest slope of the planet is located in the northwestern part of the Himalayas and rises above sea level by 8126 meters. On the southern side of the mountain, whose height is 4600 meters, there is a ridge: to get to the top point of Nanga Parbat, the climber will have to pass through it.

For the first time the height was conquered in 1953 by climber Hermann Buhl. He walked the entire journey in 40 hours and didn't even use supplemental oxygen and an ice axe. After it, 263 people tried to repeat the success of the discoverer, but 64 of them died before reaching the top.

Everest

The highest mountain on the planet resembles in its shape a pyramid with three clear faces. The mountain is the most famous and popular among adventure hunters. Its height is 8428 meters. To get to the maximum available height, on average, it takes a climber a month and a half, and during the journey he will lose from 10 to 15 kilograms. This time includes the passage of adaptation, the installation of the camp and a thorough study of the route.

In 2012, more than 240 people climbed Mount Everest, and the number is gradually increasing. Those who did not manage to get to the end, in case of death, remain on the mountain, because the corpses are almost impossible to find and evacuate.

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Egor Eremeev
Current material has been prepared by Egor Eremeev
Education: Westminster University (Business & Management), London.
Egor studied and lived in the UK for 8 years and graduated from the university of Westminster. He is currently the co-founder and the director of business development at Smapse Education and personally visits foreign schools and universities, interviews students studying in those institutions.
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