Did the designer Gustave Eiffel know that in more than a hundred years his creation would become the most visited and popular place in the world? There is hardly a person who has not heard of the Eiffel Tower. This relatively young building in a short time won the hearts of not only local residents - who, by the way, were categorically against the tower at first! - but also tourists from all over the world. Thousands of people walk near it every day and climb to the very top of the tower, dance, arrange meetings, take pictures. Many people go to France only to take a romantic photo with the building: they haven't taken a photo with the Eiffel Tower - they haven't been to Paris.
Eiffel Tower construction
In 1889, a large-scale event was held in Paris - the World Exhibition. The authorities turned to the city's engineering bureaus, among which was Gustave Eiffel's company. The author himself had no ideas, but he picked up the archival work of the employees and found a forgotten sketch of a three-hundred-meter tower, created by Maurice Keshlen and modified by Emile Nugier. Eiffel presented this project to the administration and won the tender in 1894.
Construction began on January 28, 1887 and lasted 2 years and 2 months. For the construction of the structure it took:
- High precision drawing
- 18,038 metal parts
- 2.5 million rivets used to connect parts
- Prefabricated beams
- 26 months for digging a pit
- The device is 1710 steps.
After the exhibition
An agreement was signed with the bureau of Gustave Eiffel to dismantle the tower twenty years after the exhibition. The construction was a tremendous success: in the first month, two million people came to see it. The authorities decided to leave the building, but met with the indignation of the Parisian intelligentsia: three hundred writers and artists, including Alexander Dumas-son, Charles Gounod and Guy de Maupassant, wrote an appeal to the city administration, calling the tower "monstrous", "ridiculous" and "useless". The municipality did not grant the request, and the tower remained in the city.
At different times, the Eiffel Tower was:
- By wireless telegraph point
- By radio station
- For hours
- TV tower.
- Free admission for children under 4 years old
- You can climb to the very top by elevator or by steps
- The tower consists of 3 floors, each has a platform where museum exhibitions, viewing rooms, restaurants are located
- The top of the tower used to be the office of Gustave Eiffel, now it is a museum. Particular attention should be paid to maps that show the distance from the tower to other important geographical points
- For fans of sparkling wine, there is a champagne bar at the top
- There are souvenir shops on the second level.
- Few people know that the tower has a ground floor - an esplanade, where you can see the first elevator mechanism, buy food or souvenirs.
- The Eiffel Tower is the highest place in the city and the most visited in the world: twenty thousand people come to it every day
- One of the tower's nicknames is "The Iron Lady"
- In order to assemble the tower quickly and without errors, high precision drawings were made up to 0.1 mm
- According to a preliminary estimate, 7.8 thousand francs were needed for the construction. The municipality did not provide enough, and Eiffel added the missing amount from his own funds, entering into an agreement with the authorities to rent the tower free of charge for a period of twenty-five years.
- All parts for the construction were manufactured at Gustave Eiffel's own factory
- During World War II, French soldiers broke the elevator mechanism to cut off Hitler's path to the top of the structure.
- Copies of the tower are located in thirty cities of the world, including: Moscow, Tokyo, Berlin, Las Vegas, Sydney, London, etc.
The object belongs to the towers.