- From a wasteland on the outskirts of Barcelona to a fabulous garden city
- Interesting architecture of the famous masterpiece
- Interesting Facts
One of the most famous landmarks in Barcelona is Parc Guell, named after its first owner. Amazing, as if transferred from a fairy tale, houses, winding alleys and magical mosaics make the national park an excellent place for recreation for citizens and attracts more than 8,000,000 tourists every year. Thanks to the extraordinary approach of A. Gaudi, who created a unique picturesque architectural composition, Park Guell is included in the list of the most beautiful parks in the world.
From a wasteland on the outskirts of Barcelona to a fabulous garden city
Inspired by the idea of creating a small paradise in the city, surrounded by lush gardens, E. Güell acquired 15 hectares of land on the outskirts of Barcelona for the construction of a garden city. The entrepreneur planned to sell the improved plots at a higher price, but local residents were in no hurry to buy them. Then E. Güell built a sample house to attract buyers, and to implement the project he attracted A. Gaudí. So in 1901 the construction of the famous Park Guell began. At the first stage, the hills were fortified and multi-level terraces were equipped. At the second stage of construction, roads were laid, walls were built and 2 famous pavilions were erected at the entrance to the site. And to attract buyers, A. Gaudi created a magical mansion in the central part of the composition. At the third stage, which lasted from 1910 to 1913, several houses and an unusual serpentine bench were built in the recreation area. In 1914 the construction work was completed, but no buyers were found, and the finished houses were occupied by E. Güell, A. Gaudí and lawyer M. Trias-y-Domeneca. In 1918, after the death of the entrepreneur, his heirs sold the garden city to the Barcelona administration and the architectural masterpiece of A. Gaudí received the status of a public park.
Interesting architecture of the famous masterpiece
All buildings in the park create a magical atmosphere and immerse visitors in a fairy tale. At the entrance, travelers are greeted by 2 wonderful houses, decorated with trencadis mosaics and many decorative elements. You should pay attention to chimneys in the shape of mushrooms, graceful balconies and huge windows in curly frames. Today, the first pavilion houses a gift shop, while the second is preserved as a sample.
Further, visitors are greeted by the main staircase leading to the central part of the architectural masterpiece - the Hall of a Hundred Columns. The lower part of the staircase is decorated with a flower garden with a fountain and a figure of a salamander faced with mosaics. The middle of the site is decorated with the flag of Catalonia and the head of a snake.
Hall of one hundred columns
The Hall of a Hundred Columns is a large terrace with 86 columns, reaching 6 m in height and supporting the ceiling. According to the architect's plan, the hall was to become a meeting place for the inhabitants of the garden city. In the ceiling, decorated with mosaics, 4 shades with the image of the sun are mounted, which were supposed to illuminate the terrace. Today, the Hall of a Hundred Columns is very often used as a concert venue due to its excellent acoustics.
Just behind the hall is a Greek-style theater with a famous winding bench adorning its perimeter. This is a great place to relax and take photos.
From the central square of the park, there are seven stone-lined promenades, which are often called "bird's nests" because of their bizarre shape. The paths represent a single system that connects all parts of the garden city with each other, and lead to secluded corners of the park, decorated with artificial grottoes, fountains, gazebos and lush vegetation.
Gaudi House Museum
In 1963, the former residence of A. Gaudí was given the status of "House-Museum". A small-sized pink mansion with a turret and a multi-level roof shows visitors a variety of objects from the life of the master. The house was designed by F. Berenguer-Mestres, who was a friend and student of the great architect.
- The mansion is set in a stunning garden decorated with figures and wrought-iron trellises
- On the ground floor of the house-museum, there is furniture created according to the projects of A. Gaudí and purchased from collectors
- The second floor shows travelers the interiors of the living quarters of the former owners of the mansion. The architect's workshop is very well preserved
- The third floor is reserved for the library, which contains more than 30,000 books and personal records of A. Gaudí.
- E. Güell was one of the first customers of A. Gaudi, as he considered his ideas very promising
- The Hall of a Hundred Columns hides a complex storm sewer system that provides water to the entire park.
- There is not a single angle and not a single straight line in the design of A. Gaudi's architectural masterpiece, everything is built in natural forms - bends, ovals and waves
- Park Guell was declared a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1974.
Visit cost = 8 €.
Object type: park.