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Notre Dame Cathedral - the greatest catholic cathedral in the world


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Notre Dame Cathedral - the greatest catholic cathedral in the world


It is unlikely that there will be a person who does not agree with the assertion that Paris is a city of attractions. Everywhere you look, architectural monuments, museums, city symbols, bridges, churches look at you... Notre Dame Cathedral is a Catholic church, the embodiment of the Gothic style. Tourists from all over the world come to see this place. The temple is immortalized not only in human memory, but also in cinema and literature. Such popularity suggests that Notre-Dame-de-Paris, with all its grandeur, wealth and luxury, is considered truly a national treasure. Do not visit it - do not see Paris at all.

The history of the construction of the cathedral

At the place where the cathedral was located, at different times there were four temples:

  • Early Christian church of the 4th century
  • Merovingian Basilica
  • Carolingian Cathedral
  • The Romanesque cathedral, which was destroyed, and the stones left from it, were already used in the construction of Notre Dame de Paris.

The construction of the cathedral began under King Louis VII in 1163. The first stone was laid by the leader of the Catholic Church - Pope Alexander III. The walls were built quickly enough - by 1177, the altar of the cathedral was solemnly consecrated on May 19, 1182, and by the end of the 12th century the nave of the building was completed. The date of complete completion of construction and finishing works is 1345.

The main people who created the construction project and supervised the construction should be considered the architects Jean de Schel and his successor, Pierre de Montreux. These names are the most significant, although at different periods of history different architects worked on the construction of Notre Dame Cathedral, which explains some of its eclecticism.

In 1789, during the French Revolution, the temple was subjected to an act of vandalism: Robespierre gave the order to behead the "stone kings decorating the church". Thanks to the restoration work in 1802, the cathedral was returned to the Catholic Church and consecrated. Since then, he has received millions of tourists and pilgrims every year.

2019 fire

April 15, 2019 is the fateful date in the history of Notre Dame de Paris. At Holy Week, a terrible fire occurred, due to which the cathedral lost its roof, spire and clock. The frame of the building was saved. Now work is underway to prevent further destruction of the temple - there is no talk of restoration so far. Work is being done slowly and carefully to avoid collapse of the cathedral.

Interior design

  • The walls of the cathedral are decorated with 110 stained glass windows through which sunlight pours
  • Two roses - the Western Rose and the Rose of the transept - are decorated with a statue of the Virgin with the baby Christ, the regalia of kings - a symbol of God the king
  • The petals of the South Rose are decorated with figures of saints, biblical characters, angels, scenes from the gospel, images of prophets and four evangelists
  • A body with one hundred and ten registers gives a special mood to worship
  • The cathedral contains: the crown of thorns of the Savior, a particle of the cross on which Jesus Christ was crucified and one of the nails that nailed Him.

Interesting Facts

  • The Cathedral is immortalized in: the works “Notre Dame de Paris” by Victor Hugo, “Notre Dam” by Osip Mandelstam, “Notre Dame Mosque” by Elena Chudinova; the film "Operation" Y "and other adventures of Shurik" by Leonid Gaidai; Assassin's Creed Unity video game
  • The oldest surviving depiction of the Cathedral is the work of Jean Fouquet, The Hours of Etienne Chevalier
  • Before the tragic events of 2019, fourteen million people attended the cathedral annually.
  • After the fire in 2019, all the relics stored in Notre Dame Cathedral were transferred to the Paris City Hall
  • The top of the cathedral was adorned with gargoyles - protruding grotesque characters
  • In 2012, the belfry of the cathedral was updated: the largest Emmanuel bell, weighing almost 12.5 tons, returned to the historic site.

The object belongs to the cathedrals.

Current material has been prepared by Egor Eremeev
Education: Kuban State University, Russia (World Economics); Westminster University (Business & Management), London.
Egor studied and lived in the UK for 8 years and graduated from the university of Westminster. He is currently the co-founder and the director of business development at Smapse Education and personally visits foreign schools and universities, interviews students studying in those institutions.
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