- Memorials in the territories of the former occupation, in Israel and the USA
- Berlin Holocaust Memorial: No Jewish Symbols
The word "Holocaust" has Greek roots and is translated as "Burnt Offering". This term arose to describe the destruction of large social groups by the Nazis during the Second World War. In Germany and in the occupied territories, the following were subject to complete destruction:
- mentally ill people
- all representatives of the Jewish and Gypsy peoples.
Due to the number of Jews killed, the term "Holocaust" is more often used to mean "genocide of the Jewish people." From 1933 to 1945, 6 million Jews died, including children and the elderly. The death of women and children has led to the fact that the number of Jews around the world has not yet reached the pre-war level.
Memorials in the territories of the former occupation, in Israel and the USA
The first monument appeared in 1943: the “Three Eagles” Column was built by prisoners in the existing concentration camp in Majdanek. After the war, monuments and memorials began to appear where there were massacres. Some concentration camps, where museums are now located, have become memorials to the victims of Nazism. Talented sculptors work on monuments that should awaken a sense of compassion and a desire to prevent a recurrence of the Holocaust. On the stele in Dachau is carved: "Never again" in 5 languages.
It is for this that monuments and memorials to the victims are erected, so that everyone who sees it independently comes to the thought: never again. Emotional memorials to the victims of the Holocaust have been erected in different parts of the planet. Many of them appeared in the 21st century: the world community and the creative elite take care that the memory of the crime against humanity does not fade away.
In the territories occupied during World War II, there are memorable places of the cold-blooded destruction of thousands of people, where monuments were erected:
- on the banks of the Danube in Budapest
- on the site of the Warsaw Jewish ghetto
- "Pit" in Belarus
- in Riga
- in Odessa.
In Budapest, on the embankment, there are bronze shoes, slippers, galoshes - hundreds of pairs of socks facing the sea. Here, during the war, thousands of people were shot and drowned in the Danube, and before that they were prudently forced to take off their shoes. The memorial turned out to be non-standard and very emotional.
There are memorials dedicated to the victims of the Holocaust in Israel and the United States. In Boston, the victims are reminiscent of 6 glass columns filled with steam. In Israel, there is a metal monument: a tree crown made of crumpled human bodies.
Berlin Holocaust Memorial: No Jewish Symbols
In the late 1980s, German journalist Leah Roche proposed erecting a memorial to the victims of the Holocaust in Germany. She found like-minded people, there was a foundation for the monument, which was engaged in fundraising and searching for a project. One of the requirements of the foundation was the absence of Jewish symbols, because the concept of the "Holocaust" is broader than the Jewish theme.
The project of the famous American architect, Doctor of Architecture Peter Eisenman was chosen from many proposals. The monument was opened in 2005 in the center of Berlin. The memorial consists of 2711 dark gray stone slabs, smooth, without inscriptions. Slabs with the same base but different heights. The distance between them is such that only 1 person can walk.
The author sought the effect of a stone labyrinth, where a person is seized by a feeling of anxiety, loneliness, hopelessness - what the victims of fascism felt, who were only to blame for being born.
The monument received recognition: more than 3 million visitors come here a year, many come with flowers and candles to honor the memory of all innocent victims.