In Africa, only South Africa is part of the G20. At the same time, there is still a very strong stratification of society in the country, children receive a weak school education and a high level of unemployment is maintained. It is considered natural for children in South Africa to pray in schools and universities, and parents begin to save for education from the moment the child is born.
Secondary education in South Africa is paid, but at the same time compulsory for everyone. Education in public schools costs 100 rand (about 500 rubles) per month, in private schools - from 700 rand (3200-3500 rubles). In South Africa, they also go to study under the program of the Federation of Cultural Associations of the Afrikaans language in private schools in Johannesburg and Pretoria. Participants of the program live in local families and get acquainted not only with the learning process, but also with the everyday life of African families. In South Africa, the social class is equal to race. This factor affects the education of children, because whites are considered rich, and blacks are considered poor.
Primary education in South Africa is three levels, each level is equal to three years of study. High school is considered to be grades 9-12. The academic year in South Africa begins in January and ends at the end of November. The average teacher here receives 11,000 rand (54,000 rubles) per month.
Private schools have a much better developed infrastructure. There are 15 to 20 students in the class in private schools, from 40 to 80 in public schools. Absolutely in all schools, students wear uniforms, and girls are forbidden to make up.
The most prestigious educational institutions in South Africa are the Graduate School for Boys and the Graduate School for Girls. Education is conducted in Afrikaans (Germanic, which is one of the official languages of the republic).
Schools in South Africa are single-storey and the size of a university campus. Students arrive at class by 8:00 a.m. First, everyone goes to the line and prays with the pastor for a good study. After the director's speech, everyone disperses to classes until two o'clock in the afternoon. After the class, sports and vocals begin. Children do not study on Saturday, but sports activities can be held. In schools in general, much attention is paid to sports, especially rugby, before one of the best world teams played here. And in South Africa, choral singing of schoolchildren is popular: students perform with their performances at festivals around the world.
Interestingly, history is not taught in schools. South Africans could not come to terms with their historical past, so in school history was replaced by "geography with historical facts".
Higher education in South Africa
The three best African universities are located in South Africa: the University of Cape Town, the University of the Witwatersrand and the University of Stellanbosch. For the black part of the population, higher education became more accessible in 2015 – the FeesMustFall movement was able to ensure that immigrants from the working class could enter African universities. To carry out this task, the Government had established special scholarships to cover the costs of training.
Afrikaans is considered the language of white supremacists, so classes at universities are held in English. All whites here are considered participants in apartheid and in every possible way try to commit "revenge". At the same time, at the political level in South Africa, work is underway on racial representativeness in all spheres. In the country, Indians will make up 2%, 18% in half will be divided into whites and people of color, and 80% will be black. Therefore, even if a white person scores the most points, and the quota in his race is already exceeded, then he simply will not be able to enter this university.
To complete a bachelor's degree for students from the near abroad, you need to pay annually 16,000-22,000 rand (77,000-106,000 rubles), a master's degree - 20,000-30,000 rand (97,000-145,000 rubles). Under the bachelor's program, you need to study for three years. For admission, foreigners must show their diploma of secondary education and one of the international language certificates of English proficiency (TOEFL or IELTS).
The last educational institution where classes in Afrikaans are conducted is Northwestern University of Pochefstroom. Small businesses and farms are growing around the educational institution. The most beautiful architectural point of the city is the campus – the farther away from it, the dirtier and more dangerous everything will become. The school year here begins in early February. One pair lasts 35 minutes, there are only three such pairs per day. The most prestigious direction in the university is medicine.
Passing scores at the university are low due to poor school education, in fact, the first two courses of teachers finish teaching students according to the school curriculum. On the territory of the school there is its own church and there is a pastor, every Sunday elegant students attend the service, and on Wednesdays and Fridays they organize joint readings of the Bible.
In ordinary life
Rule #1 in South Africa is always on your guard. Security in South Africa is very lame. Most of the population moves by private transport, only the poorest people move on foot through the streets. Robbery and violence flourish here. Going out alone, even to the nearest store, is dangerous. Psychologists consider such a high level of violence to be an unspoken problem that has remained since the end of the war.