The end of the 70s of the last century was a period of a new flourishing of the arts for France: politicians of all levels called for more attention to work with young people and their involvement in the sphere of culture. On this wave in 1977 on the map of Paris, in the Beaubourg quarter, a new attraction appeared - the Pompidou Center. It was named after the President, who had the idea to open an exhibition area capable of bringing together venerable and novice painters, dancers, singers, sculptors, directors. In terms of attendance, the Arts Center, nicknamed by the townspeople simply "Beaubourg", can be put in the top ten iconic places in the French capital.
Project casting and construction history
In 1969 it was decided to build a cultural center. An international competition for architects was immediately announced, with more than 650 applications from 49 countries. The victory was awarded to Richard Rogers from England and Italian Renzo Piano.
The exhibition complex was inaugurated on January 31, 1977 and was immediately joyfully received by the townspeople. From the first day one exhibition began to replace another, expositions were designed, storerooms were replenished, and they started talking about "Beaubourg" as an international art museum.
It soon became clear that the center needed reconstruction, since over two decades it was visited by more than 150 million seekers of cultural education. By the end of the century, the exhibition area was increased, and cinema and contemporary art shows were added to the development directions. On its second birthday, in 2000, the Center Pompidou was again an overwhelming success.
Engineering features of the center building
The innovative project proposed by the architects was unusually daring for that time: they proposed to move the main communications to the outside of the building, which contributed to the efficient arrangement of objects inside the building.
In addition, the architects undertook a unique artistic move - to repaint each zone in its own color. Thus, guests are greeted by red escalators and elevators, plumbing and ventilation are painted blue and green, and electrical wiring is yellow. All that brightness is framed by glass and a white metal frame.
Center Pompidou by Floor
- Video screening rooms are located right at the entrance. In addition to major film festivals, presentations and previews of arthouse films, short films and retrospectives are held there.
- Brancusi's workshop is located in the basement: people come here to take part in creative debates, art conferences and similar non-standard events.
- The library occupied a couple of floors of the Pompidou cultural site and collected hundreds of thousands of books, films, voice and musical materials, zones for multimedia education. The library hosts various seminars, scientific and creative meetings.
- The gallery on the fifth tier is designed to display works by contemporaries.
- In front of the gallery there is a square - a favorite place for street artists, musicians, and amateur circus performers. Local performances do not leave indifferent any tourist.
- There is a large open air zone on the roof of the Center Pompidou, allowing you to enjoy the beauty of Paris.
- The project "Institute for Research and Coordination of Acoustics and Music" is considered one of the world's largest public inter-scientific and cultural platforms and is also part of the Center.
Those wishing not only to enjoy creativity and communication, but also to buy something as a keepsake will definitely love the local boutiques with unique books on design and creativity, audio books and many wonderful designer souvenirs.
The object belongs to museums.