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TOP-7 interesting facts about the Vatican

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TOP-7 interesting facts about the Vatican

The Vatican is one of the most famous and impressive states in the world, a UNESCO World Heritage Site, the state of the Pope, the focus of world famous museums, a tourist center that receives millions of visitors every year. No matter how popular it is, the Vatican will always find something to surprise you with.

  1. The Vatican is the smallest state in the world, but in fact it is a very young country. The Vatican as an independent state within the capital of a unified Italy was established on February 11, 1929 after the signing of the Lateran Treaties (Agreements) between the then Prime Minister Benito Mussolini and the then Pope Pius XI.
  2. Located on the right bank of the Tiber River, the Vatican covers an area of 44 hectares (0.44 sq km), making it the smallest country in the world. This is about 60 football fields: fewer than 900 people have Vatican citizenship. More than half of them live abroad - they are diplomats.
  3. The Vatican is an absolute monarchy: the Pope is the absolute monarch and head of state, with legislative, executive and judicial powers. The Vatican has its own currency, police, prison and laws. Almost every country has an embassy in both Rome and the Vatican, which creates parking problems.
  4. The Vatican Museums were founded by Pope Julius II in the 16th century. There are 54 museums in the city: the last of them (that is, the youngest) is the Sistine Chapel with a ceiling decorated by Michelangelo, Stanze della Senyatura, decorated by Raphael. The Vatican Museums have the largest art collection in the world: when laid out side by side, they are 9 miles long, which can be wrapped 4.5 times around the walls of the Vatican.
  5. Have you ever wondered what Daddy reads in his spare time? The Vatican Library houses one of the largest book collections in the world - it is part of the Vatican Museums, in particular the largest archive of texts in Latin, Greek and Hebrew. Founded in 1475 by Pope Sixtus IV, the library is still used for research and is open to scholars. It houses over 1.1 million printed books, 75,000 historical manuscripts, the oldest of which date back to the 1st (!) Century. With so many books, the library's aisles are 42 km long. The collection grows annually by about 6,000 books.
  6. The construction of St. Peter's Basilica took 120 years: it began on April 18, 1506 and was completed on November 18, 1626. The Basilica covers an area of 23,000 square meters = 2 American football fields in length. Visitors can climb 551 steps to the top of the dome, designed by Michelangelo. Those who reach the top will be rewarded with a stunning view of the city and St. Peter's Square.
  7. Vatican ATMs speak Latin. Phew, all the years that the humanities and medical profession have spent studying Latin have not been a waste of time! The Vatican Bank is the only bank in the world to offer ATMs that address customers in this dead language. For example: when you see “Inserito scidulam quaeso ut faciundamognoscas rationem”, you will be prompted to insert a card to get started.
Current material has been prepared by Egor Eremeev
Education: Kuban State University, Russia (World Economics); Westminster University (Business & Management), London.
Egor studied and lived in the UK for 8 years and graduated from the university of Westminster. He is currently the co-founder and the director of business development at Smapse Education and personally visits foreign schools and universities, interviews students studying in those institutions.
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