During the history of human existence on Earth, the greatest civilizations were created and destroyed, forever remaining only in school textbooks. Traces of the oldest states can be seen in our time - there are many cities whose age is far from one thousand years. They have the highest historical and cultural value, so every year millions of tourists go there to see with their own eyes the walls and buildings built many centuries ago.
The majestic Arab city began its existence almost 11 thousand years ago, but intensive settlement began 7 thousand years after its foundation. Damascus has experienced many rulers and dynasties, adopting its own distinctive feature from each period of government. Previously, the city had a colossal influence in the Arab world, and the rulers of Damascus went down in history as the most outstanding people of that time. Now the current capital of Syria is the oldest in the world – and on this, in principle, all the glory ends.
The history of the former Constantinople is mind-boggling. Now the main Turkish city managed to be the capital of several empires, throughout its existence remaining one of the greatest and most important cities in the world. Istanbul was founded in 657 BC, quickly became the main city of the most developed Roman Empire at that time. The capital of several empires has managed to preserve its original flavor, which has been subject to changes for centuries and was a participant in more than one war, and is ready to share its history with numerous tourists.
The oldest Indian city was founded more than 3,000 years ago and went down in history as a city of crafts and trade. For centuries, perfumes, fabrics and sculptures have been produced here, desirable for the rich from all over the world. The religious significance of Varanasi (or Benares)is difficult to overestimate, because, according to legends, it was here that the Buddha delivered his first sermon. After that, in the oldest city of India, the gods Vishnu and Shiva were worshipped. Varanasi remained the center of Hinduism throughout its existence, even during the Mongol Empire ruling Over India in its time.
The legendary city of Greece has been attractive to travelers from all over the world for centuries. The rich history of Athens gave mankind dozens of brilliant scientists, writers and philosophers, the most interesting mythology and architecture. For more than 2500 years, Athens has become the largest city in Greece both in size and in terms of cultural and historical baggage. To visit this amazing city strive connoisseurs of culture and lovers of history. The city has preserved the atmosphere of the oldest civilization, which is difficult to find anywhere else.