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2022-02-06 12:35:29

The Eiffel Tower: a new color and unexpected finds inside

The Eiffel Tower: a new color and unexpected finds inside

Judging by the intentions of the French authorities, the Eiffel Tower should soon undergo some updates. Work is already underway to change the appearance, which may mean making changes to the internal components of the most famous landmark in France. Few people know, but inside the tower there are many amazing things!

Large-scale reconstruction

In February 2021, the media published information about the beginning of work on the renovation of the Eiffel Tower. It was promised that this would be the most grandiose reconstruction in the entire 130-year history of the attraction. One of the reasons for such a bold step is the Olympic Games, which will be held in Paris in 2024.

The main feature of the updated tower will have to be a new shade - gold. To perform this task, workers will need to remove 19 layers of old paint. At the same time, do not forget that the modern wonder of the world of Gustave Eiffel every 7 years is covered with a new layer of paint to protect the structure from strong environmental influences.

Curiously, the yellow-brown color, very close to golden, the tower was originally painted in the XX century. Now such a decision is not only a return to antiquity, but also a certain symbol of the most cherished desire of any participant in the Olympic Games - a gold medal. For the implementation of the project, 50 million euros were allocated from the country's budget. Part of the amount, of course, will be spent on the repair of 18 thousand metal parts, which are fastened together by 2.5 million rivets. However, in the 324-meter tower there is something to update not only outside, but also inside.

What was originally?

The first version of the structure, also bearing the name of Eiffel, was created by an employee of the engineering bureau Maurice Köschlen. When the French authorities organized a state competition for projects, in addition to Gustave Eiffel, another employee of the bureau, Emile Nougier, began to work on the tower. All three of these names were inscribed in the patent for the design of the design.

Over time, Eiffel completely bought the rights and became the sole owner. However, when working on the appearance of the tower, he still had to attract the architect Stefan Sovestra, who decided to add the famous arches - the gates to the World Exhibition - not provided for in the original project. But without these arches, according to its creator himself, the Eiffel Tower would be an ordinary "300-meter flagpole"! Also, Sovestr embodied the idea of glazing the halls on the floors, which made it possible in the future to organize something in addition to technical zones in these spacious rooms.

The existence of the tower was given 20 years. However, the changes made gave the Eiffel Tower a long life and immense popularity. According to the lease agreement that Eiffel concluded for 25 years in 1887, at the end of its term the tower was to be dismantled, which, fortunately, never happened.

Gustave created a joint-stock company to get the amount necessary for the construction. Half of the costs were paid by Eiffel himself, the second half was contributed by three banks in France. After the completion of construction, the tower paid for itself thanks to the World Exhibition.

After the implementation of his grandiose project, Eiffel was already a specialist in the design of metal structures and their "insides". Therefore, it is not surprising that in 1886 he was one of the participants in the construction of the internal space of the Statue of Liberty in New York.

What is hidden inside?

The observation deck at the top of the tower instantly became popular. Despite the lack of an elevator in those days, there were no people who wanted to climb 1710 steps. Inside, a post office was also installed, which sent postcards in a balloon. On the second floor, the editorial office of the newspaper Le Figaro and its printing house immediately opened. Judging by the archival photos, a conference room was also opened inside, which was very similar to the theater.

The main reason for rumors and sighs of envy was Eiffel's apartment, which was allegedly located 285 meters above the ground. Since the apartment had to be right at the top of the tower, it would be the tallest penthouse in modern Paris!

It is rumored that Thomas Edison also came to Eiffel's apartment (it was with him that a scene of wax figures was recreated in Gustave's apartment).

Room for opportunity

The height of the Eiffel Tower was used by the founder and his colleagues in many experiments. A weather station and a radio station were equipped at the top: scientists conducted experiments here, studying the features of air resistance, pressure of gases and liquids at high altitudes.

In 1898, from the fourth floor of the Eiffel Tower, Eugène Ducrette first sent a wireless message 4 kilometers away. This helped in the future the military, which used more advanced technology in intercepting German communications during the First World War. It is believed that Mata Hari was arrested precisely because of one of these intercepted messages.

Since the war, a real military bunker has remained under the Eiffel Tower. It was built during the war, when they realized that the attraction would stand for a very long time. At the same time, the Paris Tower will just turn 135 years old in the Olympic year.

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Egor Eremeev
Current material has been prepared by Egor Eremeev
Education: Westminster University (Business & Management), London.
Egor studied and lived in the UK for 8 years and graduated from the university of Westminster. He is currently the co-founder and the director of business development at Smapse Education and personally visits foreign schools and universities, interviews students studying in those institutions.
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