Higher education in Russia is constantly improving: the government is investing in the development of universities, expanding support for young researchers. The market for higher education, Russian universities are growing: more than 25 Russian universities are included in international educational rankings. An analysis of higher education in Russia shows that today the population of Russia with higher education is 25% of the total number of residents, another quarter have received secondary vocational education, and primary vocational education is 18%. The statistics of people with higher education in Russia shows an increase of up to 56% in the age group from 25 to 64 years.
The development of higher education for women in Russia has led to the fact that 26% of the total number of women have a higher education diploma in Russia, and 21% of men. The cost of higher education in Russia is from 57 to 590 thousand rubles per year (the price depends on the region and the prestige of the university).
The system of higher education in Russia underwent significant changes from 2011 to 2015: 390 billion rubles (~ 6.7 billion US dollars ) were allocated to modernize the premises and technical equipment of Russian universities, and improve the training of teaching staff.
Since 2003, higher education reforms have begun in Russia - the country has joined the Bologna Process. This means that a diploma of higher education in Russia is now issued after the completion of a four-year study for a bachelor's degree, a five-year for a specialist's degree, and a six-year for a master's degree. Higher education in Russia has included bachelor's and master's degrees in the system of awarding degrees, while retaining the two-stage system of postgraduate education (candidate and doctor of sciences).
How to get higher education in Russia
Russian and foreign students have the right to receive higher education in Russia. More than 60% of places in universities are paid by the state, there is paid education in state universities, private higher educational institutions. Top universities in Russia offer training to those who receive high USE scores and / or win prizes at the All-Russian Olympiads. The second (and further) higher education in Russia has the right to receive all citizens of Russia, but on a paid basis.
You can get a master's degree, higher education of the second stage in Russia, you can conduct your own research in large universities and research institutes.
Top 20 Russian universities
The development of higher professional education in Russia led to the opening of 896 institutions from 1991 to 2015. The world rankings usually include the 20-25 best Russian universities. Educational institutions offer an extensive list of higher education specialties in Russia.
Moscow State University MV Lomonosov Moscow State University (Moscow State University named after MV Lomonosov) is the country's top university: 47,000 students study here, including 4,000 foreigners. Academic directions of Moscow State University M.V. Lomonosov State University are extensive: 380 departments, 39 faculties, 15 research institutes, 4 museums, 6 branches in the country and abroad.
Novosibirsk State University is the best Russian university under 100 years old. Novosibirsk State University with a small student community (6,000 people) is located near the third most populous city in Russia after Moscow and St. Petersburg.
The oldest and one of the most prestigious, St. Petersburg State University has 30,000 students. Located throughout St. Petersburg, it occupies more than 400 buildings, offers 25 faculties, and provides students with access to a large number of museums, monuments, and cultural institutions. The university offers 418 basic educational programs, more than 800 additional ones.
Tomsk State University is the oldest university in the Asian region of Russia, founded in 1880. Today, 23,000 students study here at 23 faculties, TomSU is in the top 300 best universities in the world in modern languages, physics, astronomy.
Moscow State University of Physics and Technology (MIPT) was founded in 1946 and quickly developed a unique education system: students conduct their research outside the university. MIPT occupies high positions in the subject ranking in physics, astronomy, and natural sciences.
Moscow State Technical University N.E. Bauman University (MSTU) is a leading Russian university that has educated outstanding scientists, researchers, pioneers of world rocketry, aviation, and heavy industry for more than 185 years of its history. The university offers to study computer, information systems, electrical, electronic engineering, mechanical engineering, mathematics, physics, astronomy. More than 19,000 students study here in various fields of science and technology.
The history of MEPhI began with its foundation in 1942, later the largest Russian nuclear university MEPhI was founded here. At the origins of the university were Soviet scientists, including the head of the Soviet atomic project Igor Kurchatov. Six Nobel Prize winners have studied at MEPhI throughout its history - Nikolai Basov, Andrei Sakharov, Nikolai Semenov, Igor Tamm, Ilya Frank, Pavel Cherenkov. Today MEPhI is the leading research university in Russia, which trains engineers and scientists in more than 200 areas.
Since its inception a quarter of a century ago, HSE has more than 80,000 students. In just two decades, HSE has become one of the leading national research universities in Russia. Teachers, researchers, students provide more than 90 countries, including the CIS, North America, Europe, Asia.
MGIMO (Moscow State Institute of International Relations), founded in 1943, is a leading university in the field of social sciences in Russia, Eastern Europe and Central Asia. In 1993, MGIMO took part in Russia's first international double degree program, was the first to launch a full-fledged bachelor's degree program in international relations taught in English, as well as PhD, MBA, Executive MBA and pre-university courses.
NUST MISIS is a high-quality research and educational center that attracts the best students, scientists and teachers. The university focuses on the integration of science, education, innovation, on creating a creative environment for the disclosure of each person.
NUST MISIS is located in the very center of Moscow and has an excellent infrastructure - more than 30 world-class scientific laboratories, 3 engineering centers. The university is strengthening its leading positions in metallurgy, mining, biomaterials, nanotechnology, quantum communications, data science, and the study of artificial intelligence.
Kazan Federal University (KFU) offers a number of master's and doctoral programs:
- Evidence-based pharmacotherapy
ITMO University is a leading Russian educational institution providing education and research in natural sciences, engineering and technology. The history of the university is more than 100 years old. ITMO offers a wide range of bachelor's, master's, doctoral and postdoctoral studies and short-term courses. The university is located in St. Petersburg, the cultural capital of Russia.
The educational institution was founded on February 5, 1960. The university offers a wide range of specializations: technical, scientific, medical, economic, humanitarian. 6 faculties, 10 institutes, 1 academy open up wide opportunities for obtaining quality education. Engineers, lawyers, doctors, diplomats, financiers, agrarians, physicists, mathematicians, linguists, and journalists study at RUDN University. Students undergo training, professionally oriented practice in leading Russian and international companies.
Ural Federal University has established partnerships with more than 500 foreign universities from around the world. He is actively involved in international networking projects: Erasmus +, BRICS Network University, Association of Chinese-Russian Technical Universities.
This is one of the oldest higher educational institutions in the Ural region, founded in Yekaterinburg in 1920.
Moscow Aviation Institute
MAI is one of the most popular universities for aerospace training and high-tech industries. The educational institution pays special attention to aviation, space, energy systems, information technology, new materials, production technologies, the multifaceted use of aerospace, digital technologies. More than 70% of university graduates work in industry corporations. MAI holds the record among universities in the number of graduates who have become cosmonauts and test pilots.
Far Eastern Federal University counts its history from 1899, when the Eastern Institute was founded in Vladivostok. Today FEFU is the only classical university in the East of Russia.
TPU has always been a polytechnic university with a wide range of research areas. Today Tomsk Polytechnic Institute pays special attention to advanced engineering education, the creation of resource-efficient technologies, internationalization, integration of research, academic activities.
Saratov State University
Saratov State University, founded in 1909, is one of the oldest leading educational institutions in the country. SSU has significant scientific and innovative potential, plays an important role in the socio-economic and cultural development of the region.
St. Petersburg Electrotechnical University "LETI"
St. Petersburg Electrotechnical University "LETI" is one of the world's largest educational centers for the specialties "Radio Engineering", "Electrical Engineering", "Electronics", "Informatics". The university is focused on research and innovation in the field of infotechnosphere, biotechnosphere, energy. LETU was at the origins of these scientific and educational areas in Russia. The cluster of NBICS technologies, including nano-, informational, bio- and cognitive components, is being developed at the university in accordance with ergonomic, “green” technologies.
Samara State University provides a wide range of modern educational programs demanded by leading employers. During the war, about 30 enterprises and organizations of the military industry were evacuated to Samara (Kuibyshev), the production of the Il-2 attack aircraft, which was the most massive aircraft of the Second World War, was launched.