- The advantages of education in educational institutions in Germany
- Secondary education in Germany: features of teaching and upbringing
- Features of universities in Germany
- Current information for Russian students
- What are the programs for foreigners: types of training and language requirements
An excellent opportunity for Russian students to receive a quality European education will be the educational institutions of Germany . This is one of the most economically developed countries in the world, in which education is paid close attention - it is thanks to experts of the highest class, in engineering, economics and business, the country continues to develop and remain at the top of the world ratings.
The advantages of education in educational institutions in Germany
- Germany ranks fifth in the ranking for popularity among international students, 38 local universities are listed in the top 500 universities in the world
- The country is considered the heart of university innovation, the intellectual, research and development center of Europe
- Getting a secondary education here is an excellent preparation for the academic environment and student life
- Students of German universities are practicing in the largest international companies
- Most universities do not have entrance exams
- German universities offer a wide range of specialties
- Since 2014, higher education in Germany has become free for both German students and those who come from abroad, there is only a small registration fee.
Secondary education in Germany: features of teaching and upbringing
In elementary school, Grundschule, work with children is built on the principles of respect for personal choice and the development of individual abilities. The first four years of training students are engaged in the development of fundamental knowledge in the field of mathematics, music, local history and German . Education is given great importance, while individual approach and playful forms of instruction are important. Initial education takes place within the walls of specialized institutions with their own rules and buildings. Only in a special type of school, Gesamtschule, you can study from the first to the last year. There are no requirements for admission to school.
From the fifth grade to the children and their parents there is an important choice - having chosen a school of a certain type, the whole future career is being decided:
- Gymnasium, Gymnasium, - for those who will enter the university and work in the field of science (as a rule, pupils with the highest academic achievement arrive in this type of school). Here, future specialists are studying who need great theoretical knowledge - lawyers, scientists, politicians, doctors and teachers. At the end of the gymnasium, students pass the Abitur exam, serving as the final exam at the school and entering the university
- real schools, Realschule - for those wishing to get a higher technical education
- the main schools are oriented to practice, after them schoolchildren enter vocational schools and do not presume to study at the university. However, in such schools to study is not less prestigious - the Germans highly appreciate professionalism in any field.
The difference between schools and gymnasiums is that graduates do not receive a certificate of maturity, instead they get a certificate of attendance at the school, which can not be admitted to the university.
The educational process is characterized by the principle of "call-to-call": the schedule is quite strict and mandatory, it will not be so easy to pick up a child for two days before the holidays or skip school. Any deviation from the school's schedule will require a documentary justification: a certificate from the doctor or a statement from the parents.
Features of universities in Germany
- To study at a prestigious educational institute, you must pass the entrance exam Abitur. It should be noted that despite the presence of some similarities between Abitur and the Russian EGE, the results of the USE in Germany are not accepted. German schoolchildren spend at the school for two more years, in addition. German Abituramnam is much more difficult, therefore for Russian students, preparatory courses are developed in Studienkolleg. Studienkolleg are special educational institutions for foreign students whose certificates do not meet the requirements of German universities. Another option for Russians is to complete two courses in a Russian university and transfer after them.
- One of the main advantages of studying in Germany is the availability of a large number of both German-speaking and English-language programs. In total, there are two types of higher institutions in the country: universities and higher schools. At universities, the emphasis is on extensive theoretical knowledge, and in higher schools the programs are practice oriented.
- Bachelor's degree is divided into two periods: primary and basic. During the first year, students master the general knowledge of fundamental subjects, and during the second they are engaged in serious study of profile sciences.
- Master's programs are very popular due to low prices for tuition.
- Doctoral studies include a program of German PhD.
Current information for Russian students
- Scholarships and grants. For students from abroad, there is a large list of scholarship programs: the DAAD scholarship, the Erasmus Plus program, the German National Scholarship, and so on.
- Legalization of the certificate. Before granting a certificate to German educational institutions, it is necessary to put an apostille - this is a form of legalization of documents, confirming their authenticity
- Features of accommodation. As a rule, students rent an apartment - and this is one of the biggest expenses: a month of residence in German cities will cost about 300 €. Accommodation is possible in student hostels. For those who receive school education, private boarding schools are perfect - they are elite boarding schools, very popular in the country due to the high quality of teaching and comfortable living conditions.
- Work during study: a student from abroad is allowed to work part-time, and for this there are several ways:
- After graduation, the student has the following options: a graduate of a German university can stay in the country for a year with the aim of finding a job.
- work in high school as an assistant
- part-time for a full 90 days (or 180 incomplete)
- Internship in the company
- Voluntary practice with the permission of the Division for Labor.
What are the programs for foreigners: types of training and language requirements
Average cost per semester
Programs of summer camps
Older than 7
Zero language knowledge and above - A1
800 € per week
Older than 16
300 € per week
Secondary education programs
Older than 6
Average level of language proficiency - B1
Compulsory preparatory program for Russian - Studienkolleg
Older than 16
Older than 17
Older than 19
TestDaF 4 / IELTS 6.5
Older than 20
TestDaF 4 / IELTS 6.5