Study abroad is not cheap. But in many universities in Europe , America , Canada , other countries certain categories of students are offered special financial conditions. They received the name of scholarship programs. From the classical Russian Western scholarships are significantly different. First of all, the fact that in most of these programs provide for a discount on tuition. The size of this can be different. Practice shows that 100% of the tuition fee does not cover the scholarship practically never. But to get a 50% discount is quite realistic. Symbolic scholarships (not exceeding $ 100- $ 1500) are offered to foreign students in foreign universities.
Types of scholarships
Scholarships in foreign universities are awarded to gifted students for academic, creative, sports achievements. This support is called meritbased scholarship. Sometimes scholarships are given to those in need of financial assistance to students. Scholarships in the category needbased scholarship, like the first, are assessed on an individual basis.
Another type of financial support for international students is fellowships. Such scholarships are awarded on gender (special programs for women), social, ethnic, geographic features. For students of master's and doctoral programs, research assistantship is provided for performing certain research activities and teaching assistantship for achievements in pedagogical and assistant activities.
Other types of financial support for international students
In foreign universities, foreign students can reduce their costs of tuition not only through scholarships. They can receive grants on equal terms with citizens of the country (special-purpose funds to finance research, projects), sponsorship from individuals, charitable organizations, interested companies (possibly potential employers).
Features of the accrual and use of scholarships
In foreign universities, non-cash transfer of funds is practiced. This applies to regular scholarships, grants, and sponsorship. Due to scholarship funds, certain items of the student's expenses (accommodation, meals, teaching materials, etc.), education in the university (partially or completely) can be paid. Some scholarships are subject to taxes.
Any financial assistance imposes certain obligations on the Fellow. In the case of merit based scholarship, this may be a restriction on a minimum semester or annual average grade, with teaching assistantship - by the number of hours spent on a certain type of activity in the interests of the university. If the requirements are violated, the scholarship is withdrawn.
The criteria for awarding financial assistance are, first of all, the performance of the candidate, as well as his personal qualities. The public activity of the student within the walls of the school is taken into account.
Scholarships are usually awarded in countries with high cost of education. But the strict criteria for selection of fellows reduce the chances of foreigners to receive financial assistance. Experts in the field of education recommend to initially choose the country to receive education for their income.