- GCSE (General Certificate of Secondary Education)
- A-level program
- Program IB
- Sixth Form (high school)
The British education system is considered to be one of the best in the world. It is based on traditions, passing from generation to generation, which have been tested several centuries of successful activity. The secret of success includes several complementary characteristics:
- A wide variety of curricula
- "Iron" discipline
- Well-developed pedagogical methods and technologies
- Inclusive educational process.
Educational institutions in the UK have the status of prestigious, and regularly rank first in the world rankings. Tens of thousands of foreign students and students come to the country every year. A large number of children, including from Russia, are enrolled in secondary school ("Secondary school") programs, the successful completion of which gives an opportunity to enter a university.
Compulsory secondary education in the UK covers children from 11 to 16 years of age. Schools are public and private, and are divided into several types:
State institutions are accepted on the basis of applications from parents, and applicants for private studies must take exams. To enter institutions with different bias, you must have the appropriate achievements or talents. In religious come as children from believing families, and not tied to religion (these institutions are characterized by special attention to the development of universal human values of humanism).
One of the most ramified networks of private boarding schools in the world operates in the country . Pensions assume a year-round residence on campus (they leave there only for vacations or in forced circumstances). In boarding schools, children not only receive knowledge, but also engage in sports and creativity, adapt to life in the country, take part in events and celebrations. At this stage, an independent personality is formed, the skills necessary for entering adulthood develop; except for the common for all subjects, each student chooses those that are interesting to him.
GCSE (General Certificate of Secondary Education)
From the age of 14, children begin to prepare for the GCSE exam (roughly equivalent to 9 classes in the Russian system), which includes compulsory and additional subjects (their list may vary depending on the institution). GCSE boarding houses are perfected, a large number of courses are taught here, including exclusive ones, as well as several foreign languages. Exemplary list of disciplines:
The total number of subjects is 8-10, if desired, you can study more. Classes are held in the usual format, and in specialized laboratories, in the form of round tables, discussions and discussions. Constantly arranged various field studies, excursions and expeditions. Children perform homework, work in groups and individually. To control the progress, intermediate testing and examinations are conducted. Students not only receive the necessary complex of knowledge, but develop critical thinking skills, analytical skills, various teaching methods and learn effective interaction. Academic studies are supplemented by physical and creative development.
The final exam is conducted in the form of testing for each individual subject with the assignment of points in the form of Latin letters, where A is the highest score, G is the minimum passing grade, and U is unsatisfactory (corresponding to the Russian "deuce"). Students who passed the exam for grades A to C are assigned a second level of qualification, and on the marks from D to G - the first. Universities welcome second-tier applicants, and many higher education institutions can not enter with marks below C. Usually a two-year cycle of preparation for the GCSE is inseparable, that is, the child can not change the school during this period, so it's worthwhile to take care of all the nuances in advance.
Two-year course leading to the receipt of the A-Level certificate. This document gives an opportunity to enter any university in the country , and you can submit documents at the same time in no more than 5 educational institutions.
The aim of A-Level is to provide the highest level of training and knowledge in the chosen direction. The pupil already at the start should clearly realize to which universities and specialties he will come, and, accordingly, to choose suitable disciplines. Sample list of subjects:
2) For directions: science, medicine, engineering:
3) For directions: Humanities, Business, Law:
Weekly 20-25 lessons are conducted plus English classes. Students perform:
The standard A-level course is conducted in two stages:
Examination marks are indicated in Latin letters and have a scale from A (highest) to E (lowest). Often, in boarding houses to save time and other purposes, the duration of the A-level is reduced to 1-1.5 years. Boarding alumni often boast a higher level of training and knowledge, and more often enter prestigious educational institutions such as Cambridge and Oxford . Foreign students entering the A-Level must provide the following required documents:
An alternative to the A-Level is the International Baccalaureate (IB) course, which was developed by specialists in the 1960s, and has since enjoyed immense popularity. The IB certificate is recognized not only in the UK, but also in France , Belgium, Sweden, Canada , the USA and many other countries of the world. Applicants can enter universities without entrance examinations, in the presence of high scores. To date, the international baccalaureate is taught in 1,500 institutions in different countries and is conducted in three languages - English, French or Spanish. For 2 years children learn the following skills:
Each institution adjusts the curriculum in accordance with its needs and opportunities, but certain rules and regulations apply to everyone. Classes are held in a foreign language, only "native language and literature" can be taught at home. The list of disciplines includes about 60 titles, divided into 6 groups:
From each group one item is selected (6 are generally studied), and three are profile and have an in-depth character. The profile disciplines are given 240 hours, the remaining three - 150 hours.
Scientific projects are necessarily carried out:
To obtain a diploma, all high school students must fulfill several requirements:
Every year around the world, about 36,000 people take IB exams and about 80% of them receive a certificate. Graduates of the international baccalaureate enter the best higher educational institutions of Great Britain, Europe and the whole world.
Sixth Form (high school)
In the UK, the first five years of secondary education are sometimes called "forms", respectively, the last two years - the sixth form. This numbering system is traditional, but today many are moving away from it and using a new standard where all classes are numbered by numbers from 1 to 13 (the sixth form here corresponds to 12 and 13 classes). In the Sixth Form children from 16 to 18 years old are trained, and they can choose the program - A-level or IB.
In the country there are prestigious special guesthouses specializing in the latter classes (Sixth Form Collegies). Their distinctive feature is that a large number of foreigners (more than 50%) study there. Popularity is easy to explain, because their students have a number of advantages:
Graduates of the course Sixth Form (from different countries of the world) from year to year enter the best universities in the UK.